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Release Notes

1.0.0

Features

  • The podman exec command now includes a --workdir option to set working directory for the executed command
  • The podman create and podman run commands now support the --init flag to use a minimal init process in the container
  • Added the podman image sign command to GPG sign images
  • The podman run --device flag now accepts directories, and will added any device nodes in the directory to the container
  • Added the podman play kube command to create pods and containers from Kubernetes pod YAML

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where passing podman create or podman run volumes with an empty host or container path could cause a segfault
  • Fixed a bug where storage.conf was sometimes ignored for rootless containers
  • Fixed a bug where Podman run as root would error if CAP_SYS_RESOURCE was not available
  • Fixed a bug where Podman would fail to start containers after a system restart due to an out-of-date default Apparmor profile
  • Fixed a bug where Podman's bash completions were not working
  • Fixed a bug where podman login would use existing login credentials even if new credentials were provided
  • Fixed a bug where Podman could create some directories with the wrong permissions, breaking containers with user namespaces
  • Fixed a bug where podman runlabel was not properly setting container names when the --name was specified
  • Fixed a bug where podman runlabel sometimes included extra spaces in command output
  • Fixed a bug where podman commit was including invalid port numbers in created images when committing containers with published ports
  • Fixed a bug where podman exec was not honoring the container's environment variables
  • Fixed a bug where podman run --device would fail when a symlink to a device was specified
  • Fixed a bug where podman build was not properly picking up OCI runtime paths specified in libpod.conf
  • Fixed a bug where Podman would mount /dev/shm into the container read-only for read-only containers (/dev/shm should always be read-write)
  • Fixed a bug where Podman would ignore any mount whose container mountpoint was /dev/shm
  • Fixed a bug where podman export did not work with the default fuse-overlayfs storage driver
  • Fixed a bug where podman inspect -f '{{ json .Config }}' on images would not output anything (it now prints the image's config)
  • Fixed a bug where podman rmi -fa displayed the wrong error message when trying to remove images used by pod infra containers

Misc

  • Rootless containers now unconditionally use postrun cleanup processes, ensuring resources are freed when the container stops
  • A new version of Buildah is included for podman build, featuring improved build speed and numerous bugfixes
  • Pulling images has been parallelized, allowing individual layers to be pulled in parallel
  • The podman start --attach command now defaults the sig-proxy option to true, matching podman create and podman run
  • The podman info command now prints the path of the configuration file controlling container storage
  • Added podman list and podman ls as aliases for podman ps, and podman container ps and podman container list as aliases for podman container ls
  • Changed podman generate kube to generate Kubernetes service YAML in the same file as pod YAML, generating a single file instead of two
  • To improve compatability with the Docker command line, podman inspect -f '{{ json .ContainerConfig }}' on images is no longer valid; please use podman inspect -f '{{ json .Config }}' instead

0.12.1.2

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where an empty path for named volumes could make it impossible to create containers
  • Fixed a bug where containers using another container's network namespace would not also use the other container's /etc/hosts and /etc/resolv.conf
  • Fixed a bug where containers with --rm which failed to start were not removed
  • Fixed a potential race condition attempting to read /etc/passwd inside containers

0.12.1.1

Features

  • Added the podman generate kube command to generate Kubernetes Pod and Service YAML for Podman containers and pods
  • The podman pod stop flag now accepts a --timeout flag to set the timeout for stopping containers in the pod

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman would fail to start if the default OCI hooks directory is not present

0.12.1

Features

  • Rootless Podman now creates the storage.conf, libpod.conf, and mounts.conf configuration files automatically in ~/.config/containers/ for ease of reconfiguration
  • The podman pod create command can expose ports in the pod's network namespace, allowing public services to be created in pods
  • The podman container checkpoint command can now keep containers running after they are checkpointed with the --leave-running flag
  • The podman container checkpoint and podman container restore commands now support the --tcp-established flag to checkpoint and restore containers with active TCP connections
  • The podman version command now has a --format flag to produce machine-readable output
  • Added the podman container exists, podman pod exists, and podman image exists commands to easily check for a container/pod/image, respectively, by name or ID
  • The podman ps --pod flag now has a short alias, -p
  • The podman rmi and podman rm commands now have a --prune flag to prune unused images and containers, respectively
  • The podman ps command now has a --sync flag to force a sync of Podman's state against the OCI runtime, resolving some state desync errors
  • Added the podman volume set of commands for creating and managing local-only named volumes

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a breaking change in rootless Podman where a change in default paths caused Podman to be unable to function on systems upgraded from 0.10.x or earlier
  • Fixed a bug where podman exec without -t would still use a terminal if the container was created with -t
  • Fixed a bug where container root propogation was not being properly adjusted if volumes with root propogation set were mounted into the container
  • Fixed a bug where podman exec could hold the container lock longer than necessary waiting for an exited container
  • Fixed a bug where rootless containers using slirp4netns for networking were reporting using bridge networking in podman inspect
  • Fixed a bug where podman container restore -a was attempting to restore all containers, including created and running ones. It will now only attempt to restore stopped and exited containers
  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman detached containers were not being properly cleaned up
  • Fixed a bug where privileged containers were being mounted with incorrect (too restrictive) mount options such as nodev
  • Fixed a bug where podman stop would throw an error attempting to stop a container that had already stopped
  • Fixed a bug where NOTIFY_SOCKET was not properly being passed into Podman containers
  • Fixed a bug where /dev/shm was not properly mounted in rootless containers
  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman would set up the CNI plugins for networking (despite not using them in rootless mode), potentially causing inotify related errors
  • Fixed a bug where Podman would error on numeric GIDs that do not exist in the container's /etc/group
  • Fixed a bug where containers in pods or created with --net=container were not mounting /etc/resolv.conf and /etc/hosts

Misc

  • podman build now defaults the --force-rm flag to true
  • Improved podman runlabel support for labels featuring arguments with whitespace
  • Containers without a network namespace will now use the host's resolv.conf
  • The slirp4netns network mode can now be used with containers running as root. It may be useful for container-in-container scenarios where the outer container does not have host networking set
  • Podman now uses inotify to wait for container exit files to be created, instead of polling. If inotify cannot be used, Podman will fall back to polling to check if the file has been created
  • The podman logs command now uses improved short-options handling, allowing its flags to be combined if desired (for example, podman logs -lf instead of podman logs -l -f)
  • Hardcoded OCI hooks directories used by Podman are now deprecated; they should instead be coded into the libpod.conf configuration file. They can be specified as an array via hooks_dir

0.11.1.1

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where Podman was not correctly adding firewall rules for containers, preventing them from accessing the network
  • Fixed a bug where full error messages were being lost when creating containers with user namespaces
  • Fixed a bug where container state was not properly updated if a failure occurred during network setup, which could cause mounts to be left behind when the container was removed
  • Fixed a bug where podman exec could time out on slower systems by increasing the relevant timeout

Misc

  • podman rm -f now removes paused containers. As such, podman rm -af completing successfully guarantees all Podman containers have been removed
  • Added a field to podman info to show if Podman is being run as rootless
  • Made a small output format change to podman images - image sizes now feature a space between number and unit (e.g. 123 MB now instead of 123MB)
  • Vendored an updated version of containers/storage to fix several bugs reported upstream

0.11.1

Features

  • Added --all and --latest flags to podman checkpoint and podman restore
  • Added --max-workers flag to all Podman commands that support operating in parallel, allowing the maximum number of parallel workers used to be specified
  • Added --all flag to podman restart

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where podman port -l would segfault if no containers were present
  • Fixed a bug where podman stats -a would error if containers were present but not running
  • Fixed a bug where container status checks would sometimes leave zombie OCI runtime processes
  • Fixed checkpoint and restore code to verify an appropriate version of criu is being used
  • Fixed a bug where environment variables with no specified value (e.g. -e FOO) caused errors (they are now added as empty)
  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman would attempt to configure the system firewall, causing errors on some systems where iptables is not in the user's PATH
  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman was unable to successfully write the container ID to a file when --cid-file was specified to podman run
  • Fixed a bug where podman unmount would refuse to unmount a container if it was running (the unmount will now be deferred until the container stops)
  • Fixed a bug where rootless podman attach would fail to attach due to a too-long path name
  • Fixed a bug where podman info was not properly reporting the Git commit Podman was built from
  • Fixed a bug where podman run --interactive was not holding STDIN open when -a flag was specified
  • Fixed a bug where Podman with the cgroupfs CGroup driver was sometimes not successfully removing pod CGroups
  • Fixed a bug where rootless Podman was unable to run systemd containers (note that this also requires an update to systemd)
  • Fixed a bug where podman run with the --user flag would fail if the container image did not contain /etc/passwd or /etc/group

Misc

  • podman rm, podman restart, podman kill, podman pause, and podman unpause now operate in parallel, greatly improving speed when multiple containers are specified
  • podman create, podman run, and podman ps have a number of improvements which should greatly increase their speed
  • Greatly improved performance and reduced memory utilization of container status checks, which should improve the speed of most Podman commands
  • Improve ability of podman runlabel to run commands that are not Podman
  • Podman containers with an IP address now add their hostnames to /etc/hosts
  • Changed default location of temporary libpod files in rootless Podman
  • Updated the default Podman seccomp profile

Compatability

Several paths related to rootless Podman had their default values changed in this release. If paths were not hardcoded in libpod.conf, your system may lose track of running containers and believe they are newly-created.

0.10.1.3

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug where podman build would not work while any containers were running

0.10.1.2

Bugfixes

  • Fixed cgroup mount for containers using systemd as init to work properly with the systemd cgroup manager

0.10.1.1

Features

  • Added handling for running containers as users with numeric UIDs not present in the container's /etc/passwd. This allows getpwuid() to work inside these containers.
  • Added support for the REGISTRY_AUTH_FILE environment variable, which specifies the location of credentials for registry login. This is supported by the push, pull, login, logout, runlabel, and search commands

Bugfixes

  • Fixed handling for image volumes which are mounted on symlinks. The links are now resolved within the container, not on the host
  • Fixed mounts for containers that use systemd as init to properly include all mounts required by systemd to function

Misc

  • Updated vendored version of Buildah used to power podman build

0.10.1

Features

  • Added the podman container checkpoint and podman container restore commands to checkpoint and restore containers
  • Added the podman container runlabel command to run containers based on commands contained in their images
  • Added the podman create --ip and podman run --ip flags to allow setting static IPs for containers
  • Added the podman kill --all flag to send a signal to all running containers

Bugfixes

  • Fixed Podman cleanup processes for detached containers to properly print debug information when --syslog flag is specified
  • Fixed manpages for podman create and podman run to document existing --net flag as an alias for --network
  • Fixed issues with rootless Podman where specifying a single user mapping container was causing all Podman commands to hang
  • Fixed an issue with rootless Podman not properly detecting when user namespaces were not enabled
  • Fixed an issue where Podman user namespaces were not preserving file capabilities
  • Fixed an issue where resolv.conf in container would unconditionally forward nameservers into the container, even localhost
  • Fixed containers to release resources in the OCI runtime immediately after exiting, improving compatability with Kata containers
  • Fixed OCI runtime handling to fix several issues when using gVisor as an OCI runtime
  • Fixed SELinux relabel errors when starting containers after a system restart
  • Fixed a crash when initializing hooks on containers running systemd as init
  • Fixed an SELinux labelling issue with privileged containers
  • Fixed rootless Podman to raise better errors when using CGroup resource limits, which are not currently compatible with rootless
  • Fixed a crash when runc was used as the OCI runtime for containers running systemd as init
  • Fixed SELinux labelling for containers run with --security-opt label=disable to assign the correct label

Misc

  • Changed flag ordering on all Podman commands to ensure flags are alphabetized
  • Changed podman stop to work in parallel when multiple containers are specified, greatly speeding up stop for containers that do not stop after SIGINT
  • Updated vendored version of Buildah used to power podman build
  • Added version of vendored Buildah to podman info to better debug issues

0.9.3.1

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a critical issue where SELinux contexts set on tmpfs volumes were causing runc crashes

0.9.3

Features

  • Added a flag to libpod.conf, label, to globally enable/disable SELinux labelling for libpod
  • Added --mount flag to podman create and podman run as a new, more explicit way of specifying volume mounts

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a crash during container creation when an image had no names
  • Fixed default rootfs mount propagation to for containers to match Docker
  • Fixed permissions of /proc in containers
  • Fixed permissions of some default bind mounts (for example, /etc/hosts) in read-only containers
  • Fixed /dev/shm in --ipc=container and --ipc=host containers to use the correct SHM
  • Fixed rootless Podman to properly join the namespaces of other containers
  • Fixed the output of podman diff to not display some default changes that will not be committed
  • Fixed rootless to better handle cases where insufficient UIDs/GIDs are mapped into the container

0.9.2.1

Bugfixes

  • Updated Buildah dependency to fix several bugs in podman build

Misc

  • Small performance improvement in image handling code to not recalculate digests

0.9.2

Features

  • Added --interval flag to podman wait to determine the interval between checks for container status
  • Added a switch in libpod.conf to disable reserving ports for running containers. This lowers the safety of port allocations, but can significantly reduce memory usage.
  • Added ability to search all the contents of a registry if no image name is specified when using podman search

Bugfixes

  • Further fixes for sharing of UTS namespaces within pods
  • Fixed a deadlock in containers/storage that could be caused by numerous parallel Podman processes.
  • Fixed Podman running into open file limits when many ports are forwarded
  • Fixed default mount propagation on volume mounts
  • Fixed default mounts under /dev remaining if /dev is bind-mounted into the container
  • Fixed rootless podman create with no command specified throwing an error

Misc

  • Added podman rm --volumes flag for compatability with Docker. As Podman does not presently support named volumes, this does nothing for now, but provides improved compatability with the Docker command line.
  • Improved error messages from podman pull

Compatability

  • Podman is no longer being built by default with support for the Devicemapper storage driver. If you are using this storage driver, you should investigate switching to overlayfs.

0.9.1.1

Bugfixes

  • Added support for configuring iptables and firewalld firewalls to allow container traffic. This should resolve numerous issues with network access in containers.

Note

It is recommended that you restart your system firewall after installing this release to clear any firewall rules created by older Podman versions. If port forwarding to containers does not work, it is recommended that you restart your system.

0.9.1

Features

  • Added initial support for the podman pod command as non-root

Bugfixes

  • Fixed regression where invalid Podman commands would still cause a clean exit
  • Fixed podman rmi --all to not error if no images are present on the system
  • Fixed parsing of container logs with podman logs to properly handle CRI logging, fixing some issues with blank lines in logs
  • Fixed a bug creating pod cgroups using the systemd cgroup driver with systemd versions 239 and higher
  • Fixed handling of volume mounts that overlapped with default container mounts (for example, podman run -v /dev/:/dev)
  • Fixed sharing of UTS namespace in pods

Misc

  • Added additional debug information when pulling images if --log-level=debug is specified
  • podman build now defaults to caching intermediate layers while building

0.8.5

Features

  • Added the ability to add a multipart entrypoint with podman run --entrypoint
  • Improved help text when invalid commands are specified
  • Greatly improved support for containers which use systemd as init

Bugfixes

  • Fixed several bugs with rootless podman exec
  • Fixed rootless podman with a symlinked storage directory crashing
  • Fixed bug with podman ps and multiple filters where the interface did not match Docker
  • Fixed handling of resolv.conf on the host to handle symlinks
  • Increased open file descriptor and process limits to match Docker and Buildah
  • Fixed podman run -h to specify the container's hostname (as it does in Docker) instead of printing help text
  • Fixed a bug with image shortname handling where repositories were incorrectly being treated as registries
  • Fixed a bug where podman wait was busywaiting and consuming large amounts of CPU

0.8.4

Features

  • Added the podman pod top command
  • Added the ability to easily share namespaces within a pod
  • Added a pod statistics endpoint to the Varlink API
  • Added information on container capabilities to the output of podman inspect

Bugfixes

  • Fixed a bug with the --device flag in podman run and podman create
  • Fixed podman pod stats to accept partial pod IDs and pod names
  • Fixed a bug with OCI hooks handling ALWAYS matches
  • Fixed a bug with privileged rootless containers with --net=host set
  • Fixed a bug where podman exec --user would not work with usernames, only numeric IDs
  • Fixed a bug where Podman was forwarding both TCP and UDP ports to containers when protocol was not specified
  • Fixed issues with Apparmor in rootless containers
  • Fixed an issue with database encoding causing some containers created by Podman versions 0.8.1 and below to be unusable.

Compatability:

We switched JSON encoding/decoding to a new library for this release to address a compatability issue introduced by v0.8.2. However, this may cause issues with containers created in 0.8.2 and 0.8.3 with custom DNS servers.