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RRRSpec

RRRSpec enables you to run RSpec in a distributed manner.

This is developed for the purpose to obtain the fault-tolerance properties to process-failures, machine-failures, and unresponsiveness of processes in the automated testing process.

RRRSpec is used in production as a CI service, running 60+ RSpec processes concurrently, and it undergoes those failures, which include lots of rb_bugs, assertion errors, and segmentation faults.

MAINTENANCE NOTICE

As of Feb 2019, we, Cookpad, are not using RRRSpec internally. We may ocassionally review and accept PRs, but note that this software is not under active maintainance.

(Background: The circumstances has been changed since 2013. Modern IaaS providers such as AWS now provide machines with many vCPUs under cheap pricing. Also, Cookpad is working to split their largest Rails monolith application (blog post 🇯🇵), and it makes the test suite small. Thus, we decided to stop operating RRRSpec cluster.)

Features

  • Automatic resume on process or machine failures
  • RSpec integration
  • Captured stdout/stderr per tests
  • Automatic retrial of failed tests
  • Optimization of the test execution order
  • Speculative execution of long-running tests
  • Severe timeout of stuck processes

Some considerations on creating RRRSpec are described in DESIGN.md, hoping it helps other developers writing other distributed test execution services avoid common pitfalls.

Installation

Client

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'rrrspec-client'

Create '.rrrspec'

RRRSpec.configure do |conf|
  conf.redis = { host: 'redisserver.local', port: 6379 }
end

RRRSpec.configure(:client) do |conf|
  Time.zone_default = Time.find_zone('Asia/Tokyo')

  conf.packaging_dir = `git rev-parse --show-toplevel`.strip
  conf.rsync_remote_path = 'rsyncserver.local:/mnt/rrrspec-rsync'
  conf.rsync_options = %w(
    --compress
    --times
    --recursive
    --links
    --perms
    --inplace
    --delete
  ).join(' ')

  conf.spec_files = lambda do
    Dir.chdir(conf.packaging_dir) do
      Dir['spec/**{,/*/**}/*_spec.rb'].uniq
    end
  end

  conf.setup_command = <<-SETUP
    bundle install
  SETUP
  conf.slave_command = <<-SLAVE
    bundle exec rrrspec-client slave
  SLAVE

  conf.taskset_class = 'myapplication'
  conf.worker_type = 'default'
  conf.max_workers = 10
  conf.max_trials = 3
  conf.unknown_spec_timeout_sec = 8 * 60
  conf.least_timeout_sec = 60
end

Master and Workers

Install 'rrrspec-server'

$ gem install rrrspec-server

Create 'rrrspec-server-config.rb'

RRRSpec.configure do |conf|
  conf.redis = { host: 'redisserver.local', port: 6379 }
end

RRRSpec.configure(:server) do |conf|
  ActiveRecord::Base.default_timezone = :local
  conf.redis = { host: 'redisserver.local', port: 6379 }

  conf.persistence_db = {
    adapter: 'mysql2',
    encoding: 'utf8mb4',
    charset: 'utf8mb4',
    collation: 'utf8mb4_general_ci',
    reconnect: false,
    database: 'rrrspec',
    pool: 5,
    password: 'XXX',
    host: 'localhost'
  }
  conf.execute_log_text_path = '/tmp/rrrspec-log-texts'
  conf.pidfile = "/tmp/rrrspec-server.pid"
end

RRRSpec.configure(:worker) do |conf|
  conf.redis = { host: 'redisserver.local', port: 6379 }

  conf.rsync_remote_path = 'rsyncserver.local:/mnt/rrrspec-rsync'
  conf.rsync_options = %w(
    --compress
    --times
    --recursive
    --links
    --perms
    --inplace
    --delete
  ).join(' ')

  conf.working_dir = '/mnt/working'
  conf.worker_type = 'default'
  conf.pidfile = "/tmp/rrrspec-worker.pid"
end

Usage

Master and Workers

$ rake -f /path/to/rrrspec-server-X.X.X/tasks/db.rake rrrspec:server:db:create rrrspec:server:db:migrate RRRSPEC_CONFIG_FILES=rrrspec-server-config.rb

$ rrrspec-server server --config=rrrspec-server-config.rb

$ rrrspec-server worker --config=rrrspec-server-config.rb

Note: You must be able to rsync files from the host where the server runs to the host where the worker runs, without being prompted to for a passphrase.

Client

$ bundle exec rrrspec-client start
...
rrrspec:taskset:XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX

$ bundle exec rrrspec-client waitfor rrrspec:taskset:XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX

$ bundle exec rrrspec-client show rrrspec:taskset:XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX

Local test

You can try RRRSpec locally using Docker.

% docker-compose up
% docker-compose run worker local_test/run_client.sh
% xdg-open http://localhost:3000/

Contributing

See HACKING.md for the internal structure.

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request