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HTML5 File and FormData APIs for Node.JS

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Octocat-spinner-32 Blob
Octocat-spinner-32 BlobBuilder
Octocat-spinner-32 File
Octocat-spinner-32 FileError
Octocat-spinner-32 FileList
Octocat-spinner-32 FileReader
Octocat-spinner-32 FileSaver
Octocat-spinner-32 FileWriter
Octocat-spinner-32 FileWriterSync
Octocat-spinner-32 FormData
Octocat-spinner-32 examples
Octocat-spinner-32 file-api
Octocat-spinner-32 files
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
Octocat-spinner-32 tests
README.md

node-file-api

HTML5 FileAPI implemented in Node.JS.

The goal here is to be able to use this in connection with jsdom to create test utilities, possibly scraping utilities, ultimately an API-driven browser written in Node.

Usage

Install:

npm install file-api

Use:

var FileAPI = require('file-api'),
  File = FileAPI.File,
  FileList = FileAPI.FileList,
  FileReader = FileAPI.FileReader;

API

Since HTML5 FileAPI has been described by the W3C (terse, technical) and Mozilla Developer Center (understandable, end-user-oriented) in detail, I'll just highlight the differences:

  • File is not (yet) a subclass of Blob
  • FileError and FileException are not yet implemented (they use Error instead)
  • blob: scheme and remote URI schemes are not yet implemented

FormData

FormData on MDN

Has the special method setNodeChunkedEncoding()

File

In the browser, File has no constructor. In Node, it does.

node-mime is used for extension-based automatic ContentType detection (uses name if available, or path if not)

File(StringUriPath)

var file = new File("./files/myfile.txt");

File({ buffer: Node.Buffer })

var file = new File({ 
  name: "abc-song.txt",   // required
  type: "text/plain",     // optional
  buffer: new Buffer("abcdefg,hijklmnop, qrs, tuv, double-u, x, y and z")
});

File({ stream: Node.ReadStream })

var file = new File({
  name: "abc-song.txt",       // required
  type: "text/plain",         // optional
  stream: new EventEmitter()  // a read stream (emits `error`, `data`, `end`)
});

process.nextTick(function () {
  file.stream.emit('data', "abcdefg,hijklmnop, qrs, tuv, double-u, x, y and z");
  file.stream.emit('end');
});

File(Object)

var file = new File({
  path: "./files/myfile.txt",   // path of file to read


  buffer: Node.Buffer,          // use this Buffer instead of reading file


  stream: Node.ReadStream,      // use this ReadStream instead of reading file


  name: "SomeAwesomeFile.txt",  // optional when using `path`
                                // must be supplied when using `Node.Buffer` or `Node.ReadStream`


  type: "text/plain",           // generated based on the extension of `name` or `path`


  jsdom: true,                  // be DoM-like and immediately get `size` and `lastModifiedDate`
                                // [default: false]


  async: true,                  // use `fs.stat` instead of `fs.statSync` for getting 
                                // the `jsdom` info
                                // [default: false]


  lastModifiedDate: fileStat.mtime.toISOString(),


  size: fileStat.size || Buffer.length
);

FileReader

FileReader.setNodeChunkedEncoding() is a non-standard method which hints that the FileReader should chunk if possible

I.E. The file will be sent with the header Transfer-Encoding: chunked

The default is false since many webservers do not correctly implement the standard correctly, and hence do not expect or accept Transfer-Encoding: chunked from clients.

FileReader.on is a non-standard alias of addEventListener

EventTarget.target.nodeBufferResult is a non-standard property which is a Node.Buffer instance of the data.

FileReader.on('data', fn) is a non-standard event which passes a Node.Buffer chunk each time the progress event is fired.

var fileReader = new FileReader();

fileReader.setNodeChunkedEncoding(true || false);
fileReader.readAsDataURL(new File('./files/my-file.txt'));

// non-standard alias of `addEventListener` listening to non-standard `data` event
fileReader.on('data', function (data) {
  console.log("chunkSize:", data.length);
});

// `onload` as listener
fileReader.addEventListener('load', function (ev) {
  console.log("dataUrlSize:", ev.target.result.length);
});

// `onloadend` as property
fileReader.onloadend', function () {
  console.log("Success");
});

FileList

The browser has no constructor for this. Node has two.

new FileList(f1, f2, ...)

var fileList = new FileList(file1, file2, file3);

new FileList([f1, f2])

var files = [
    new File('./files/blob.bin'),
    new File('./files/image.jpg'),
    new File('./files/readme.txt')
  ],
  fileList;

fileList = new FileList(files);

Formal Documentation

W3C

Mozilla Developer Center:

TODO

//
// TODO
//
// HTML5 File URI should be implemented
//   will need non-ahr 301-handling requester not prevent circular dep
//
// File should be a subclass of Blob
//
// jsdom EventTarget // http://aptana.com/reference/html/api/EventTarget.html
//    target.result
// 
// jsdom ProgressEvent // http://www.w3.org/TR/progress-events/
//    lengthComputable
//    loaded
//    total
//    initProgressEvent
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