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Deploying fleet

fleet is no longer actively developed or maintained by CoreOS. CoreOS instead recommends Kubernetes for cluster orchestration.

Deploying fleet is as simple as dropping the fleetd binary on a machine with access to etcd and starting it.

etcd

Each fleetd daemon must be configured to talk to the same etcd cluster. By default, the fleetd daemon will connect to either http://127.0.0.1:2379 or http://127.0.0.1:4001, depending on which endpoint responds. Refer to the configuration documentation below for customization help.

fleet requires etcd be of version 0.3.0+ but it is recommended to use etcd 2.0.0+ which supports TLS authentication.

TLS Authentication

If your etcd cluster has TLS authentication enabled, you will need to configure fleet to use an appropriate TLS keypair. The examples below show how to achieve this:

Using systemd Drop-Ins

[Service]
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_CAFILE=/etc/ssl/etcd/ca.pem"
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_CERTFILE=/etc/ssl/etcd/client.pem"
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_KEYFILE=/etc/ssl/etcd/client-key.pem"
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_SERVERS=https://192.0.2.12:2379"

Using fleet configuration file

etcd_servers=["https://192.0.2.12:2379"]
etcd_cafile=/etc/ssl/etcd/ca.pem
etcd_certfile=/etc/ssl/etcd/client.pem
etcd_keyfile=/etc/ssl/etcd/client-key.pem

Basic Authentication

If your etcd cluster has Basic authentication enabled, you will need to configure fleet to use an username/password combination for a valid user in the system. Also, because Basic authentication is Base64 encoded and easily deciphered, it is recommended to also use TLS authentication for transport level encryption by providing an etcd_cafile. Authentication is only available since etcd 2.1.X and greater. The examples below show how to achieve this:

Using systemd Drop-Ins

[Service]
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_SERVERS=https://192.0.2.12:2379"
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_USERNAME=root"
Environment="FLEET_ETCD_PASSWORD=coreos"

Using fleet configuration file

etcd_servers=["https://192.0.2.12:2379"]
etcd_username=root
etcd_password=coreos

systemd

The fleetd daemon communicates with systemd (v207+) running locally on a given machine. It requires D-Bus (v1.6.12+) to do this.

SSH Keys

The fleetctl client tool uses SSH to interact with a fleet cluster. This means each client's public SSH key must be authorized to access each fleet machine.

Authorizing a public SSH key is typically as easy as appending it to the user's ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file. This may not be true on your systemd, though. If running CoreOS, use the built-in update-ssh-keys utility - it helps manage multiple authorized keys.

To make things incredibly easy, included in the fleet source is a script that will distribute SSH keys across a fleet cluster running on CoreOS. Simply pipe the contents of a public SSH key into the script:

cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ./fleetctl-inject-ssh.sh simon

All but the first argument to fleetctl-inject-ssh.sh are passed directly to fleetctl.

cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ./fleetctl-inject-ssh.sh simon --tunnel 19.12.0.33

API

fleet's API is served using systemd socket activation. At service startup, systemd passes fleet a set of file descriptors, preventing fleet from having to care on which interfaces it's serving the API. The configuration of these interfaces is managed through a systemd socket unit.

After you've written the file, call systemctl daemon-reload to load the new drop-in, followed by systemctl stop fleet.service; systemctl restart fleet.socket; systemctl start fleet.service.

Once the socket is running, the fleet API will be available at http://${ListenStream}/fleet/v1, where ${ListenStream} is the value of the ListenStream option used in your socket file. This endpoint is accessible directly using tools such as curl and wget, or you can use fleetctl like so: fleetctl --endpoint http://${ListenStream} <command>.

It is not recommended to listen fleet API TCP socket over public and even private networks. Fleet API socket doesn't support encryption and authorization so it could cause full root access to your machine. Please use ssh tunnel to access remote fleet API.

For more information about fleet API, see the official API documentation.

Configuration

The fleetd daemon uses two sources for configuration parameters:

  1. an INI-formatted config file (sample)
  2. environment variables

fleet will look at /etc/fleet/fleet.conf for this config file by default. The --config flag may be passed to the fleetd binary to use a custom config file location. The options that may be set are defined below. Note that each of the options should be defined at the global level, outside of any INI sections.

Environment variables may also provide configuration options. Options provided in an environment variable will override the corresponding option provided in a config file. To use an environment variable, simply prefix the name of a given option with FLEET_, while uppercasing the rest of the name. For example, to set the etcd_servers option to 'http://192.0.2.12:2379' when running the fleetd binary:

$ FLEET_ETCD_SERVERS=http://192.0.2.12:2379 /usr/bin/fleetd

General Options

verbosity

Enable debug logging by setting this to an integer value greater than zero. Only a single debug level exists, so all values greater than zero are considered equivalent.

Default: 0

etcd_servers

Provide a custom set of etcd endpoints.

Default: "http://127.0.0.1:2379,http://127.0.0.1:4001"

etcd_request_timeout

Amount of time in seconds to allow a single etcd request before considering it failed.

Default: 1.0

etcd_cafile, etcd_keyfile, etcd_certfile

Provide TLS configuration when SSL certificate authentication is enabled in etcd endpoints

Default: ""

etcd_key_prefix

Keyspace path for fleet data in etcd.

Default: "/_coreos.com/fleet/"

public_ip

IP address that should be published with the local Machine's state and any socket information. If not set, fleetd will attempt to detect the IP it should publish based on the machine's IP routing information.

Default: ""

metadata

Comma-delimited key/value pairs that are published with the local to the fleet registry. This data can be used directly by a client of fleet to make scheduling decisions. An example set of metadata could look like:

metadata="region=us-west,az=us-west-1"
metadata='region=us-west,az=us-west-1'
metadata=region=us-west,az=us-west-1

The value of the metadata option should conform to one of these three forms:

metadata="STRING"
metadata='STRING'
metadata=STRING

...while STRING is one of:

yyy[,yyy[,yyy...]]

...and yyy is one of:

key=value

Space and tab characters will be stripped around the equals sign and around each comma. If the same key is defined more than once, the last value overwrites the previous value(s).

Default: ""

agent_ttl

An Agent will be considered dead if it exceeds this amount of time to communicate with the Registry. The agent will attempt a heartbeat at half of this value.

Default: "30s"

engine_reconcile_interval

Interval in seconds at which the engine should reconcile the cluster schedule in etcd.

Default: 2

token_limit

Maximum number of entries per page returned from API requests.

Default: "100"

disable_engine

Disable the engine entirely, use with care. You can find more info about this option in fleet scaling doc.

Default: false

disable_watches

Disable the use of etcd watches. Increases scheduling latency. You can find more info about this option in fleet scaling doc.

Default: false