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persistence.migrations.js

persistence.migrations.js is a plugin for persistence.js that provides a simple API for altering your databases in a structured and organised manner inspired by Ruby on Rails migrations.

Anatomy of a Migration

persistence.defineMigration(1, {
  up: function() {
    this.createTable('Task', function(t){
      t.text('name');
      t.text('description');
      t.boolean('done');
    });
  },
  down: function() {
    this.dropTable('Task');
  }
});

This migration adds a table called Task with a string column called name, a text column called description and a boolean column called done. A id VARCHAR(32) PRIMARY KEY collumn will also be added, however since this is the default we do not need to ask for this. Reversing this migration is as simple as dropping the table. The first argument passed to defineMigration is the migration version which should be incremented when defining following migrations

Migrations are not limited to changing the schema. You can also use them to fix bad data in the database or populate new fields:

persistence.defineMigration(2, {
  up: function() {
    this.addColumn('User', 'email', 'TEXT');

    // You can execute some raw SQL
    this.execute('UPDATE User SET email = username + "@domain.com"');

    // OR 

    // you can define a custom action to query for objects and manipulate them
    this.action(function(tx, nextAction){
      allUsers.list(tx, function(result){
        result.forEach(function(u){
          u.email = u.userName + '@domain.com';
          persistence.add(u);
        });
        persistence.flush(tx, function() {
          // Please remember to call this when you are done with an action,
          // otherwise the system will hang
          nextAction();
        });
      });
    });
  }
});

This migration adds a email column to the User table and sets all emails to "{userName}@domain.com".

API methods

persistence.defineMigration(3, {
  up: function() {
    this.addColumn('TableName', 'columnName', 'COLUMN_TYPE');
    this.removeColumn('TableName', 'columnName');
    this.addIndex('TableName', 'columnName');
    this.removeIndex('TableName', 'columnName');
    this.executeSql('RAW SQL');
    this.dropTable('TableName');

    this.createTable('TableName', function(table){
      table.text('textColumnName');
      table.integer('integerColumnName');
      table.boolean('booleanColumnName');
      table.json('jsonColumnName'); // JSON columns will be mapped to TEXT columns on database
      table.date('dateColumnName');
    });
  }
});

Running Migrations

First thing you need to do is initialize migrations plugin:

persistence.migrations.init(function() {
  // Optional callback to be executed after initialization
});

Then you should load your migrations and run:

  • persistence.migrate() to run migrations up to the most recent
  • persistence.migrate(function) to run migrations up to the most recent and execute some code
  • persistence.migrate(version, function) to run migrations up / down to the specified version and execute some code

To load migrations you should use something like RequireJS.

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