Skip to content
main
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Log4jHotPatch

This is a tool which injects a Java agent into a running JVM process. The agent will attempt to patch the lookup() method of all loaded org.apache.logging.log4j.core.lookup.JndiLookup instances to unconditionally return the string "Patched JndiLookup::lookup()". It is designed to address the CVE-2021-44228 remote code execution vulnerability in Log4j without restarting the Java process. This tool will also address CVE-2021-45046.

This has been currently only tested with JDK 8, 11, 15 and 17 on Linux!

Building

Gradle

To build on linux, mac and Windows subsystem for linux

./gradlew build

To build on Windows

.\gradlew.bat build

Depending on the platform you are building. This will generate build/libs/Log4jHotPatch.jar

Maven

To build using Maven use

mvn clean package

This will generate a target/Log4jHotPatch.jar.

Running

JDK 8

java -cp <java-home>/lib/tools.jar:Log4jHotPatch.jar Log4jHotPatch <java-pid>

JDK 11 and newer

java -jar Log4jHotPatch.jar <java-pid>

Running the static agent

Simply add the agent to your java command line as follows:

java -classpath <class-path> -javaagent:Log4jHotPatch.jar <main-class> <arguments>

Testing the agent

There are a set of tests that can be run outside Gradle or Maven.

build-tools/bin/run_tests.sh Log4jHotPatch.jar <JDK_ROOT>

Known issues

If you get an error like:

Exception in thread "main" com.sun.tools.attach.AttachNotSupportedException: The VM does not support the attach mechanism
	at jdk.attach/sun.tools.attach.HotSpotAttachProvider.testAttachable(HotSpotAttachProvider.java:153)
	at jdk.attach/sun.tools.attach.AttachProviderImpl.attachVirtualMachine(AttachProviderImpl.java:56)
	at jdk.attach/com.sun.tools.attach.VirtualMachine.attach(VirtualMachine.java:207)
	at Log4jHotPatch.loadInstrumentationAgent(Log4jHotPatch.java:115)
	at Log4jHotPatch.main(Log4jHotPatch.java:139)

this means that your JVM is refusing any kind of help because it is running with -XX:+DisableAttachMechanism.

If you get an error like:

com.sun.tools.attach.AttachNotSupportedException: Unable to open socket file: target process not responding or HotSpot VM not loaded
	at sun.tools.attach.LinuxVirtualMachine.<init>(LinuxVirtualMachine.java:106)
	at sun.tools.attach.LinuxAttachProvider.attachVirtualMachine(LinuxAttachProvider.java:63)
	at com.sun.tools.attach.VirtualMachine.attach(VirtualMachine.java:208)
	at Log4jHotPatch.loadInstrumentationAgent(Log4jHotPatch.java:182)
	at Log4jHotPatch.main(Log4jHotPatch.java:259)

this means you're running as a different user (including root) than the target JVM. JDK 8 can't handle patching as root user (and triggers a thread dump in the target JVM which is harmless). In JDK 11 patching a non-root process from a root process works just fine.

If you get an error like this in the target process:

Exception in thread "Attach Listener" java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
        at sun.instrument.InstrumentationImpl.loadClassAndStartAgent(InstrumentationImpl.java:386)
        at sun.instrument.InstrumentationImpl.loadClassAndCallAgentmain(InstrumentationImpl.java:411)
Caused by: java.security.AccessControlException: access denied ("java.util.PropertyPermission" "log4jFixerAgentVersion" "write")
        at java.security.AccessControlContext.checkPermission(AccessControlContext.java:472)
        at java.security.AccessController.checkPermission(AccessController.java:886)
        at java.lang.SecurityManager.checkPermission(SecurityManager.java:549)
        at java.lang.System.setProperty(System.java:794)
        at Log4jHotPatch.<clinit>(Log4jHotPatch.java:66)

it means the target process has a security manager installed. Look for this command line option in the target process:

-Djava.security.policy=/local/apollo/.../apollo-security.policy

If you encounter this error, make sure you are using the latest version of the tool

Important: If you attempted to patch as the wrong user, you may need to delete .attach_pid<pid> files (found in /tmp and/or the CWD of the VM process) before trying again. These files need to have the right ownership for attach to succeed.

About

An agent to hotpatch the log4j RCE from CVE-2021-44228.

Resources

License

Code of conduct

Stars

Watchers

Forks

Packages

No packages published

Languages