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@pracucci pracucci released this Feb 5, 2020 · 101 commits to master since this release

This release includes a fix to support the WAL configuration via YAML config file (the 0.6.0 release supports WAL configuration only via CLI flags).


  • [BUGFIX] Fixed parsing of the WAL configuration when specified in the YAML config file. #2071
Assets 6

@pracucci pracucci released this Jan 28, 2020 · 101 commits to master since this release

Thanks to all contributors! ❤️

This release is made up of 109 contributions from 30 authors, and includes many features and improvements. Some highlights:

  • Experimental Write-Ahead-Log (WAL) in ingesters for more data reliability against ingester crashes by @codesome
  • On-the-fly migration path between two key-value (KV) stores using the multi store by @pstibrany
  • Global ingestion rate limit by @pracucci
  • Improvements to the experimental TSDB blocks storage by @thorfour @pstibrany @pracucci


Note that the ruler flags need to be changed in this upgrade. You're moving from a single node ruler to something that might need to be sharded.
Further, if you're using the configs service, we've upgraded the migration library and this requires some manual intervention. See full instructions below to upgrade your PostgreSQL.

  • [CHANGE] The frontend component now does not cache results if it finds a Cache-Control header and if one of its values is no-store. #1974
  • [CHANGE] Flags changed with transition to upstream Prometheus rules manager:
    • -ruler.client-timeout is now ruler.configs.client-timeout in order to match ruler.configs.url.
    • been removed.
    • -ruler.num-workers has been removed.
    • -ruler.rule-path has been added to specify where the prometheus rule manager will sync rule files.
    • has beem added to specify the rule store backend type, currently only the configdb.
    • -ruler.poll-interval has been added to specify the interval in which to poll new rule groups.
    • -ruler.evaluation-interval default value has changed from 15s to 1m to match the default evaluation interval in Prometheus.
    • Ruler sharding requires a ring which can be configured via the ring flags prefixed by ruler.ring.. #1987
  • [CHANGE] Use relative links from /ring page to make it work when used behind reverse proxy. #1896
  • [CHANGE] Deprecated -distributor.limiter-reload-period flag. #1766
  • [CHANGE] Ingesters now write only normalised tokens to the ring, although they can still read denormalised tokens used by other ingesters. -ingester.normalise-tokens is now deprecated, and ignored. If you want to switch back to using denormalised tokens, you need to downgrade to Cortex 0.4.0. Previous versions don't handle claiming tokens from normalised ingesters correctly. #1809
  • [CHANGE] Overrides mechanism has been renamed to "runtime config", and is now separate from limits. Runtime config is simply a file that is reloaded by Cortex every couple of seconds. Limits and now also multi KV use this mechanism.
    New arguments were introduced: -runtime-config.file (defaults to empty) and -runtime-config.reload-period (defaults to 10 seconds), which replace previously used -limits.per-user-override-config and -limits.per-user-override-period options. Old options are still used if -runtime-config.file is not specified. This change is also reflected in YAML configuration, where old limits.per_tenant_override_config and limits.per_tenant_override_period fields are replaced with runtime_config.file and runtime_config.period respectively. #1749
  • [CHANGE] Cortex now rejects data with duplicate labels. Previously, such data was accepted, with duplicate labels removed with only one value left. #1964
  • [CHANGE] Changed the default value for -distributor.ha-tracker.prefix from collectors/ to ha-tracker/ in order to not clash with other keys (ie. ring) stored in the same key-value store. #1940
  • [FEATURE] Experimental: Write-Ahead-Log added in ingesters for more data reliability against ingester crashes. #1103
    • --ingester.wal-enabled: Setting this to true enables writing to WAL during ingestion.
    • --ingester.wal-dir: Directory where the WAL data should be stored and/or recovered from.
    • --ingester.checkpoint-enabled: Set this to true to enable checkpointing of in-memory chunks to disk.
    • --ingester.checkpoint-duration: This is the interval at which checkpoints should be created.
    • --ingester.recover-from-wal: Set this to true to recover data from an existing WAL.
    • For more information, please checkout the "Ingesters with WAL" guide.
  • [FEATURE] The distributor can now drop labels from samples (similar to the removal of the replica label for HA ingestion) per user via the distributor.drop-label flag. #1726
  • [FEATURE] Added flag debug.mutex-profile-fraction to enable mutex profiling #1969
  • [FEATURE] Added global ingestion rate limiter strategy. Deprecated -distributor.limiter-reload-period flag. #1766
  • [FEATURE] Added support for Microsoft Azure blob storage to be used for storing chunk data. #1913
  • [FEATURE] Added readiness probe endpoint/ready to queriers. #1934
  • [FEATURE] Added "multi" KV store that can interact with two other KV stores, primary one for all reads and writes, and secondary one, which only receives writes. Primary/secondary store can be modified in runtime via runtime-config mechanism (previously "overrides"). #1749
  • [FEATURE] Added support to store ring tokens to a file and read it back on startup, instead of generating/fetching the tokens to/from the ring. This feature can be enabled with the flag -ingester.tokens-file-path. #1750
  • [FEATURE] Experimental TSDB: Added /series API endpoint support with TSDB blocks storage. #1830
  • [FEATURE] Experimental TSDB: Added TSDB blocks compactor component, which iterates over users blocks stored in the bucket and compact them according to the configured block ranges. #1942
  • [ENHANCEMENT] metric cortex_ingester_flush_reasons gets a new reason value: Spread, when -ingester.spread-flushes option is enabled. #1978
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added password and enable_tls options to redis cache configuration. Enables usage of Microsoft Azure Cache for Redis service. #1923
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Upgraded Kubernetes API version for deployments from extensions/v1beta1 to apps/v1. #1941
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Open existing TSDB on startup to prevent ingester from becoming ready before it can accept writes. The max concurrency is set via --experimental.tsdb.max-tsdb-opening-concurrency-on-startup. #1917
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Querier now exports aggregate metrics from Thanos bucket store and in memory index cache (many metrics to list, but all have cortex_querier_bucket_store_ or cortex_querier_blocks_index_cache_ prefix). #1996
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Experimental TSDB: Improved multi-tenant bucket store. #1991
    • Allowed to configure the blocks sync interval via -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.sync-interval (0 disables the sync)
    • Limited the number of tenants concurrently synched by -experimental.tsdb.bucket-store.block-sync-concurrency
    • Renamed cortex_querier_sync_seconds metric to cortex_querier_blocks_sync_seconds
    • Track cortex_querier_blocks_sync_seconds metric for the initial sync too
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed unnecessary CAS operations done by the HA tracker when the jitter is enabled. #1861
  • [BUGFIX] Fixed ingesters getting stuck in a LEAVING state after coming up from an ungraceful exit. #1921
  • [BUGFIX] Reduce memory usage when ingester Push() errors. #1922
  • [BUGFIX] Table Manager: Fixed calculation of expected tables and creation of tables from next active schema considering grace period. #1976
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: Fixed ingesters consistency during hand-over when using experimental TSDB blocks storage. #1854 #1818
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental TSDB: Fixed metrics when using experimental TSDB blocks storage. #1981 #1982 #1990 #1983
  • [BUGFIX] Experimental memberlist: Use the advertised address when sending packets to other peers of the Gossip memberlist. #1857

Upgrading PostgreSQL (if you're using configs service)


  1. Install the migrate package cli tool:
  2. Drop the schema_migrations table: DROP TABLE schema_migrations;.
  3. Run the migrate command:
migrate  -path <absolute_path_to_cortex>/cmd/cortex/migrations -database postgres://localhost:5432/database force 2 

Known issues

  • The cortex_prometheus_rule_group_last_evaluation_timestamp_seconds metric, tracked by the ruler, is not unregistered for rule groups not being used anymore. This issue will be fixed in the next Cortex release (see 2033).

  • Write-Ahead-Log (WAL) does not have automatic repair of corrupt checkpoint or WAL segments, which is possible if ingester crashes abruptly or the underlying disk corrupts. Currently the only way to resolve this is to manually delete the affected checkpoint and/or WAL segments. Automatic repair will be added in the future releases.

Assets 6
Jan 15, 2020

@gouthamve gouthamve released this Dec 2, 2019 · 369 commits to master since this release

  • [CHANGE] The frontend component has been refactored to be easier to re-use. When upgrading the frontend, cache entries will be discarded and re-created with the new protobuf schema. #1734
  • [CHANGE] Removed direct DB/API access from the ruler. -ruler.configs.url has been now deprecated. #1579
  • [CHANGE] Removed Delta encoding. Any old chunks with Delta encoding cannot be read anymore. If ingester.chunk-encoding is set to Delta the ingester will fail to start. #1706
  • [CHANGE] Setting -ingester.max-transfer-retries to 0 now disables hand-over when ingester is shutting down. Previously, zero meant infinite number of attempts. #1771
  • [CHANGE] dynamo has been removed as a valid storage name to make it consistent for all components. aws and aws-dynamo remain as valid storage names.
  • [CHANGE/FEATURE] The frontend split and cache intervals can now be configured using the respective flag --querier.split-queries-by-interval and --frontend.cache-split-interval.
    • If --querier.split-queries-by-interval is not provided request splitting is disabled by default.
    • --querier.split-queries-by-day is still accepted for backward compatibility but has been deprecated. You should now use --querier.split-queries-by-interval. We recommend a to use a multiple of 24 hours.
  • [FEATURE] Global limit on the max series per user and metric #1760
    • -ingester.max-global-series-per-user
    • -ingester.max-global-series-per-metric
    • Requires -distributor.replication-factor and -distributor.shard-by-all-labels set for the ingesters too
  • [FEATURE] Flush chunks with stale markers early with ingester.max-stale-chunk-idle. #1759
  • [FEATURE] EXPERIMENTAL: Added new KV Store backend based on memberlist library. Components can gossip about tokens and ingester states, instead of using Consul or Etcd. #1721
  • [FEATURE] EXPERIMENTAL: Use TSDB in the ingesters & flush blocks to S3/GCS ala Thanos. This will let us use an Object Store more efficiently and reduce costs. #1695
  • [FEATURE] Allow Query Frontend to log slow queries with frontend.log-queries-longer-than. #1744
  • [FEATURE] Add HTTP handler to trigger ingester flush & shutdown - used when running as a stateful set with the WAL enabled. #1746
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Reduce memory allocations in the write path. #1706
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Consul client now follows recommended practices for blocking queries wrt returned Index value. #1708
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Consul client can optionally rate-limit itself during Watch (used e.g. by ring watchers) and WatchPrefix (used by HA feature) operations. Rate limiting is disabled by default. New flags added:, and #1708
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added jitter to HA deduping heartbeats, configure using distributor.ha-tracker.update-timeout-jitter-max #1534
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add ability to flush chunks with stale markers early. #1759
  • [BUGFIX] Stop reporting successful actions as 500 errors in KV store metrics. #1798
  • [BUGFIX] Fix bug where duplicate labels can be returned through metadata APIs. #1790
  • [BUGFIX] Fix reading of old, v3 chunk data. #1779
  • [BUGFIX] Now support IAM roles in service accounts in AWS EKS. #1803

In this release we updated the following dependencies:

  • gRPC v1.25.0 (resulted in a drop of 30% CPU usage when compression is on)
  • jaeger-client v2.20.0
  • aws-sdk-go to v1.25.22
Assets 2

@bboreham bboreham released this Oct 11, 2019 · 471 commits to master since this release

This release adds support for Redis as an alternative to Memcached, and also includes many optimisations which reduce CPU and memory usage.

  • [CHANGE] Gauge metrics were renamed to drop the _total suffix. #1685
    • In Alertmanager, alertmanager_configs_total is now alertmanager_configs
    • In Ruler, scheduler_configs_total is now scheduler_configs
      • scheduler_groups_total is now scheduler_groups.
  • [CHANGE] The "auto Slack root" feature was removed, including the CLI flag. #1597
  • [CHANGE] In table-manager, default DynamoDB capacity was reduced from 3,000 units to 1,000 units. We recommend you do not run with the defaults: find out what figures are needed for your environment and set that via -dynamodb.periodic-table.write-throughput and -dynamodb.chunk-table.write-throughput.
  • [FEATURE] Add Redis support for caching #1612
  • [FEATURE] Allow spreading chunk writes across multiple S3 buckets #1625
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Upgraded Prometheus to 2.12.0 and Alertmanager to 0.19.0. #1597
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Cortex is now built with Go 1.13 #1675, #1676, #1679
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Many optimisations, mostly impacting ingester and querier: #1574, #1624, #1638, #1644, #1649, #1654, #1702

Full list of changes: v0.2.0...v0.3.0


  • [BUG] The Alertmanager UI is non-functional in this release
Assets 2

@bboreham bboreham released this Oct 8, 2019 · 473 commits to master since this release

Assets 2

@gouthamve gouthamve released this Sep 5, 2019 · 596 commits to master since this release

This release has several exciting features, the most notable of them being setting -ingester.spread-flushes to potentially reduce your storage space by upto 50%.

  • [CHANGE] Flags changed due to changes upstream in Prometheus Alertmanager #929:
    • alertmanager.mesh.listen-address is now cluster.listen-address
    • and alertmanager.mesh.peer.service can be replaced by cluster.peer
    • alertmanager.mesh.hardware-address, alertmanager.mesh.nickname, alertmanager.mesh.password, and alertmanager.mesh.peer.refresh-interval all disappear.
  • [CHANGE] --claim-on-rollout flag deprecated; feature is now always on #1566
  • [CHANGE] Retention period must now be a multiple of periodic table duration #1564
  • [CHANGE] The value for the name label for the chunks memcache in all cortex_cache_ metrics is now chunksmemcache (before it was memcache) #1569
  • [FEATURE] Makes the ingester flush each timeseries at a specific point in the max-chunk-age cycle with -ingester.spread-flushes. This means multiple replicas of a chunk are very likely to contain the same contents which cuts chunk storage space by up to 66%. #1578
  • [FEATURE] Make minimum number of chunk samples configurable per user #1620
  • [FEATURE] Honor HTTPS for custom S3 URLs #1603
  • [FEATURE] You can now point the query-frontend at a normal Prometheus for parallelisation and caching #1441
  • [FEATURE] You can now specify http_config on alert receivers #929
  • [FEATURE] Add option to use jump hashing to load balance requests to memcached #1554
  • [FEATURE] Add status page for HA tracker to distributors #1546
  • [FEATURE] The distributor ring page is now easier to read with alternate rows grayed out #1621
Assets 2
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