This is a ggplot2 extension for alluvial plots.
The alluvial plots implemented here can be used to visualize frequency distributions over time or frequency tables involving several categorical variables. The design is inspired by the alluvial package, but the ggplot2 framework induced several conspicuous differences:
- alluvial understands a variety of inputs (vectors, lists, data frames), whereas ggalluvial requires a single data frame;
- alluvial uses each variable of these inputs as a dimension of the data, whereas ggalluvial requires the user to specify the dimensions, either as separate aesthetics or as key-value pairs;
- alluvial produces both the alluvia, which link cohorts across multiple dimensions, and (what are here called) the strata, which partition the data along each dimension, in a single function; whereas ggalluvial relies on separate layers (stats and geoms) to produce strata, alluvia, and alluvial segments called lodes and flows.
Additionally, ggalluvial arranges these layers vertically without gaps, so that the secondary plotting axis indicates the cumulative values of the strata at each dimension.
The latest stable release can be installed from CRAN:
The development version can be installed from the (default)
branch on GitHub:
remotes::install_github("corybrunson/ggalluvial@main", build_vignettes = TRUE)
Note that, in order to build the vignettes, the imported packages
alluvial, ggfittext, and ggrepel must be installed. To skip
this step, leave
build_vignettes unspecified or set it to
remotes::install_github("corybrunson/ggalluvial", ref = "optimization")
Note, however, that this branch has not kept pace with the
or with recent upgrades on CRAN.
Here is how to generate an alluvial plot representation of the multi-dimensional categorical dataset of passengers on the Titanic:
titanic_wide <- data.frame(Titanic) head(titanic_wide) #> Class Sex Age Survived Freq #> 1 1st Male Child No 0 #> 2 2nd Male Child No 0 #> 3 3rd Male Child No 35 #> 4 Crew Male Child No 0 #> 5 1st Female Child No 0 #> 6 2nd Female Child No 0 ggplot(data = titanic_wide, aes(axis1 = Class, axis2 = Sex, axis3 = Age, y = Freq)) + scale_x_discrete(limits = c("Class", "Sex", "Age"), expand = c(.2, .05)) + xlab("Demographic") + geom_alluvium(aes(fill = Survived)) + geom_stratum() + geom_text(stat = "stratum", aes(label = after_stat(stratum))) + theme_minimal() + ggtitle("passengers on the maiden voyage of the Titanic", "stratified by demographics and survival")
The data is in “wide” format, but ggalluvial also recognizes data in “long” format and can convert between the two:
titanic_long <- to_lodes_form(data.frame(Titanic), key = "Demographic", axes = 1:3) head(titanic_long) #> Survived Freq alluvium Demographic stratum #> 1 No 0 1 Class 1st #> 2 No 0 2 Class 2nd #> 3 No 35 3 Class 3rd #> 4 No 0 4 Class Crew #> 5 No 0 5 Class 1st #> 6 No 0 6 Class 2nd ggplot(data = titanic_long, aes(x = Demographic, stratum = stratum, alluvium = alluvium, y = Freq, label = stratum)) + geom_alluvium(aes(fill = Survived)) + geom_stratum() + geom_text(stat = "stratum") + theme_minimal() + ggtitle("passengers on the maiden voyage of the Titanic", "stratified by demographics and survival")
For detailed discussion of the data formats recognized by ggalluvial and several examples that illustrate its flexibility and limitations, read the technical vignette:
vignette(topic = "ggalluvial", package = "ggalluvial")
Several additional vignettes offer detailed solutions to specific needs:
- “Labeling small strata” (
"labels") for how to elegantly label strata of a wide range of heights in an alluvial plot;
- “The Order of the Rectangles” (
"order-rectangles") for how to control the positioning of strata and lodes in an alluvial plot; and
- “Tooltips for ggalluvial plots in Shiny apps” (
"shiny") for how to incorporate alluvial plots into interactive apps.
The object documentation includes several more examples. Use
call forth more detail on
- any layer (
- the conversion functions (
- the data sets installed with the package (
For some more digestible guidance on using ggalluvial, check out three cheat sheets and demos by students in Joyce Robbins’s Exploratory Data Analysis and Visualization Community Contribution Project:
- an introduction by Meggie Wen (Chapter 33)
- a cheat sheet by Qingyi Zhang (Chapter 14)
- a blog about how this package implements alluvial plots by Arnav Saxena (Chapter 134)
Contributions in any form are more than welcome! Pretty much every fix and feature of this package derives from a problem or question posed by someone with datasets or design goals i hadn’t anticipated. See the CONTRIBUTING file for guidance, and please respect the Code of Conduct.
If you use ggalluvial-generated figures in publication, i’d be
grateful to hear about it! You can also cite the package according to