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Varnish Geo-IP VCL
Last updated: 28/05/2013
Cosimo Streppone <>
Opera Software ASA
Here you will find a VCL config file for Varnish (
This VCL will transparently add a HTTP request header with Geo-IP information
depending on the client IP address that made the request.
*** WARNING ***
This VCL consists of C code. Your Varnish might explode. YMMV.
Don't use it in production if you don't know what you're doing.
We are using it in production, but we _don't_ know what we're doing :).
Why would you want this?
So your backend application can just read a HTTP header and figure out
where the client comes from, city, country and latitude/longitude.
Of course this doesn't come for free. You need the city edition of Geo-IP.
The rewritten header is "X-Geo-IP".
X-Geo-IP header content
the `X-Geo-IP` header will differ depending on which function
you decide to apply, and what GeoIP database you are using, Country or City
In case of simple country lookup, you will have:
X-Geo-IP: country:US
whereas a failed lookup will return `country:A6`. That is an internal
convention we adopted, of course YMMV.
In case of City database, the header will look like:
X-Geo-IP: city:Rome, country:IT, lat:44.2134, lon:12.241, ip:
(numbers are made up), while in the lookup failed case, you will have:
X-Geo-IP: city:, country:A6, lat:0.0, lon:0.0, ip:
The invalid/internal IP case is covered by the geoip library itself, so
it should be reported as unknown IP.
- gcc, make
- a recent perl, with `prove'
1) Run 'make && make test'
You should see "All tests successful" at the end of the execution
2) Install the generated geoip.vcl in /etc/varnish/
3) At the top of your main VCL file, add the following line:
include "/etc/varnish/geoip.vcl"
and then in your vcl_recv() add:
4) If you run Debian, look here:
for instructions on how to specify a custom "cc_command" in
the Varnish init script.
5) Restart Varnish
6) ?
7) Profit !!