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Couchbase 2.0 API based on pecl/memcached. For 3.0 see couchbase-php

branch: master
README.md

Couchbase PHP Client

This package allows you to access Couchbase database servers from PHP.

Quality Notice

The code here is a first stab, none of this is final, and we may have made a few bad choices along the way. It works in our testing, but you know how that goes. So beware, dragons and all, and if you are so kind, let us know of any issues you might have reading or using this code. We'd like to make it absolutely fab for you, but we need you to tell us where we fail.

Any patches you might have to fix your pet peeves are very welcome, this is Open Source after all.

https://github.com/couchbaselabs/php-couchbase

Quick Start

<?php
// setup
require("Couchbase.php");
$cb = new Couchbase;
$cb->addCouchbaseServer("localhost"); // connects to Couchbase ports 11211
                                      // and 8091 by default.

// start storing data
$cb->set("my_key", "my_data");
$result = $cb->get("my_key");
var_dump($result);

// Done!

Introduction

The Couchbase PHP client extends the existing php.net/memcached client interface and adds Couchbase specific features.

All your code using php.net/memcached will work without changes (hooray).

To use the new features, you will have to use the Couchbase database version 2.0 or later. Please note that the Couchbase Single Server 2.0 is not compatible with this (TBD see also).

Additions to php.net/memcached

touch() Method

Couchbase adds a method touch($key[, $expiry = 0]) that allows you to reset the expiration of a key. Previous ways of doing the same thing included sending the key's value to the server again, touch() obviates that.

Views

Couchbase 2.0 introduces a way to query your data with Views.

The Couchbase admin interface allows you to define and name your views.

Note, There is a way to programatically create new views that we'll explain later.

getValues()

To get a list of values according to your view definition, you can use getValues([$options = array()]).

Say you define three values as JSON:

<?php
// setup skipped
$cb->set('a', '{"name": "Simon"}');
$cb->set('a', '{"name": "Ben"}');
$cb->set('a', '{"name": "James"}');

And you have a view "by_name" that has this map function:

function(doc) { // note, this is JavaScript
  if(doc.name) {
    emit(doc.name);
  }
}

Now getValues() will return the values you originally specified, but sorted by the name field in them:

<?php
$values = $cb->getView("default", "by_name");
foreach($values AS $value) {
  echo $value->name . "\n";
}

Returns:

Ben
James
Simon

Note: To use a view for this that defines a reduce function, you need to use the "reduce" => false option.

getResult()

Once you created your queries in the admin interface, you can reference them by name in your code. Say you create a new view by_name:

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_name", "by_name");

getView() returns a Couchbase_View (see below) instance that you can use to run a query on that view:

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_name", "by_name");
$result = $view->getResult();
foreach($result->rows AS $row) {
  echo $row->value;
}

Each row conforms to the class definition Couchbase_ViewResultRow below, but note that the result row objects are not actually instances of that class, they are just described by it.

getResultByKey()

getResultByKey($key[, $options = array()]) allows you to return all the rows of a view result that match $key exactly.

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_name", "by_name");
$result = $view->getResultByKey("Foo Fighters");
foreach($result->rows AS $row) {
  echo $row->value;
}

getResultByRange()

getResultRange([$start = null][, $end = null][, $options = array()]) allows you to retrieve a range from the view result delimited by the $start and $end arguments, both of which are optional.

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_name", "by_name");
$result = $view->getResultByRange("A", "M");
foreach($result->rows AS $row) {
  echo $row->value;
}

getValues()

getValues([$options = array()]) allows you to fetch all values associated with keys in key sort order. So instead of values you could explicitly extract from your values, you just get the full values.

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_name", "by_name");
$result = $view->getValues();
foreach($result->rows AS $row) {
  echo $row->value;
}

Prints:

{"name": "Ben"}
{"name": "James"}
{"name": "Simon"}

All Docs

The all docs view is an ordered-by-key list of all your values. It behaves like any other view, except that it is built-in and doesn't require prior definition.

<?php
// setup skipped
$cb->set("a", {"name": "Ben"});
$cb->set("b", {"name": "James"});
$cb->set("c", {"name": "Simon"});

$allDocs = $cb->getAllDocsView();
$result = $allDocs->getValues();
foreach($result->rows AS $row) {
  echo $row->value;
}

Prints:

{"name": "Ben"}
{"name": "James"}
{"name": "Simon"}

Pagination

The Couchbase PHP SDK gives you an easy pagination API that allows you to access your view result in pages, or spread over multiple pages.

<?php
// setup skipped
$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_Name", "by_name");
$resultPages = $view->getResultPaginator();
foreach($resultPages AS $page) {
  // $page is a Couchbase_ViewResult instance
}

If you are spreading the result set over actual page loads, you've got to keep a $page_key around:

<?php
// setup skipped
// safer version of $_GET["page_key"];
$page_key = filter_input(INPUT_GET, "page_key", FILTER_SANITIZE_URL);

$view = $cb->getView("designdoc_Name", "by_name");
$resultPages = $view->getResultPaginator();
$resultPages->setPageKey($page_key);
$currentPage = $resultPages->current();

Options

getResult() takes a second optional parameter $options = array() that is and associative array of query options. Here's a list.

These options give you numeric and order control over the result set:

  • limit: Only return limit rows. Must be an integer.
  • skip: From the beginning or startkey, skip a number of rows. Must be an integer, use this sparingly and with small integers < 10 unless you know what you are doing.

  • stale: View results update on read. If you specify "stale" => "ok", you will get an immediate reply, but you may get out of date data. If you specify "stale" => "update_after", the query returns immediately and an index update is triggered after the result is returned.

  • descending: Specify whether you want to walk the result set backwards. Must be a boolean. Defaults to false.

These options are for advanced queries that use a reduce. (TBD)

  • group
  • group_level
  • reduce

This last one doesn't fit in any other category:

  • include_docs: along with the key and value (see Couchbase_ViewResultRow), also include a doc member that includes the JSON value of the underlying data item.

Classes

Couchbase_ViewResult

class Couchbase_ViewResult
{

  /**
   * Number of total rows in a view result, regardless of any specified
   * parameters that might limit a view result, like `key`, `startkey`,
   * `endkey` and `limit`.
   *
   * @var int Total number of rows in a view result.
   */
  var $total_rows = 0;

  /**
   * Number indicating how many rows are skipped from the beginning of the
   * total result set. Counts from the end if the descending option is set
   * to true.
   *
   * @var int Number of rows skipped.
   */
  var $offset = 0;

  /**
   * Array of result rows. This array contains all view results in an
   * array.
   *
   * @var array result rows.
   */
  var $rows = array();
}

Couchbase_ViewResultRow

Note that result rows are not actually instances of this class. This class definition exists just for documentation purposes.

class Couchbase_ViewResultRow
{
    /**
     * A query result is ordered by `key`, in each row, you can access
     * the key with `$row->key`.
     */
    var $key;

    /**
     * Each row in a query result can hold an arbitrary `value` that can
     * be accessed with `$row->value`.
     */
    var $value;

    /**
     * If the `"include_docs" => true` option is specified, include the
     * full JSON representation of the underlying data item.
     */
    var $doc;
}

Couchbase_ViewResultPaginator

class Couchbase_ViewResultPaginator implements Iterator
{
}

Couchbase_ViewQueryOptions

Note that this isn't an actual class, this just declares what query options can be used:

Couchbase_QueryOptions $options = array(
    "limit" => false,
    "skip" => 0,
    "descending" => false,
    "stale" => false,
    "group" => false,
    "group_level" => 0,
    "reduce" => true,
    "inclusive_end" => false // only valid in getResultByRange
);

Todo

  • integrate proper(!) HTTP client
  • detect new couch-api endpoints dynamically
  • local-cache server design docs
  • make E_ALL | E_STRICT | E_DEPRECATED compatible
  • add proper credits

Credits

php-memcached extension. libmemcached library.

Copyright & License

(c) 2011 Couchbase, Inc

Apache 2.0 licensed.

https://github.com/couchbaselabs/php-couchbase

Jan Lehnardt jan@couchbase.com

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