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1. INTRODUCTION Wine is a program which allows running Microsoft Windows programs (including DOS, Windows 3.x and Win32 executables) on Unix. It consists of a program loader which loads and executes a Microsoft Windows binary, and a library (called Winelib) that implements Windows API calls using their Unix or X11 equivalents. The library may also be used for porting Win32 code into native Unix executables. Wine is free software, released under the GNU LGPL; see the file LICENSE for the details. 2. QUICK START Whenever you compile from source, it is recommended to use the Wine Installer to build and install Wine. From the top-level directory of the Wine source (which contains this file), run: ./tools/wineinstall Run programs as "wine [options] program". For more information and problem resolution, read the rest of this file, the Wine man page, the files in the documentation directory of the Wine source (see "DOCUMENTATION"), and especially the wealth of information found at http://www.winehq.com. 3. REQUIREMENTS To compile and run Wine, you must have one of the following: Linux version 2.0.36 or above FreeBSD 4.x or FreeBSD 5-CURRENT Solaris x86 2.5 or later NetBSD-current Linux info: Although Linux version 2.0.x will mostly work, certain features (specifically LDT sharing) required for properly supporting Win32 threads were not implemented until kernel version 2.2. If you get consistent thread-related crashes, you may want to upgrade to at least 2.2. Also, some bugs were fixed and additional features were added late in the Linux 2.0.x series, so if you have a very old Linux kernel, you may want to upgrade to at least the latest 2.0.x release. FreeBSD info: Make sure you have the USER_LDT, SYSVSHM, SYSVSEM, and SYSVMSG options turned on in your kernel. More information is in the ports tree: ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/ports/emulators/wine/ Solaris info: You will most likely need to build Wine with the GNU toolchain (gcc, gas, etc.). Warning : installing gas does *not* ensure that it will be used by gcc. Recompiling gcc after installing gas or symlinking cc, as and ld to the gnu tools is said to be necessary. NetBSD info: Make sure you have the USER_LDT, SYSVSHM, SYSVSEM, and SYSVMSG options turned on in your kernel. File systems info: Wine should run on most file systems. However, Wine will fail to start if umsdos is used for the /tmp directory. A few compatibility problems have also been reported using files accessed through Samba. Also, as NTFS can only be used safely with readonly access for now, we recommend against using NTFS, as Windows programs need write access almost everywhere. In case of NTFS files, copy over to a writable location. Wine requires kernel-level threads to run. Currently, only Linux version 2.0 or later, FreeBSD 4.x or later, Solaris x86 version 2.5 or later, and NetBSD-current are supported. Other operating systems which support kernel threads may be supported in the future. You need to have the X11 development include files installed (called xlib6g-dev in Debian and XFree86-devel in RedHat). To use Wine's support for multi-threaded applications, your X libraries must be reentrant, which is probably the default by now. If you have libc6 (glibc2), or you compiled the X libraries yourself, they were probably compiled with the reentrant option enabled. On x86 Systems gcc >= 2.7.2 is required. Versions earlier than 18.104.22.168 may have problems when certain files are compiled with optimization, often due to problems with header file management. pgcc currently doesn't work with Wine. The cause of this problem is unknown. Of course you also need "make" (most likely GNU make). You also need flex version 2.5 or later and yacc. Bison will work as a replacement for yacc. If you are using RedHat or Debian, install the flex and bison packages. For the automatic processing of the test suite scripts, you also need libperl development header support (libperl-dev package on Debian). For requirements in case you intend to build the documentation yourself, see "DOCUMENTATION" section. 4. COMPILATION In case you chose to not use wineinstall, run the following commands to build Wine: ./configure make depend make This will build the program "wine" and numerous support libraries/binaries. The program "wine" will load and run Windows executables. The library "libwine" ("Winelib") can be used to compile and link Windows source code under Unix. To see compile configuration options, do ./configure --help. To upgrade to a new release by using a patch file, first cd to the top-level directory of the release (the one containing this README file). Then do a "make clean", and patch the release with: gunzip -c patch-file | patch -p1 where "patch-file" is the name of the patch file (something like Wine-yymmdd.diff.gz). You can then re-run "./configure", and then run "make depend && make". 5. SETUP Once Wine has been built correctly, you can do "make install"; this will install the wine executable, the Wine man page, and a few other needed files. Don't forget to uninstall any conflicting previous Wine installation first. Try either "dpkg -r wine" or "rpm -e wine" or "make uninstall" before installing. If you want to read the documentation supplied with the Wine source, see the "DOCUMENTATION" section. Wine requires a configuration file named named "config" in your ~/.wine directory. The format of this file is explained in the config file man page (documentation/wine.conf.man). The file documentation/samples/config contains an example configuration file which has to be adapted and copied to the location mentioned above. Don't forget to add vital registry entries by applying winedefault.reg with programs/regapi/. See documentation/ directory for details. See http://www.winehq.com/support/ for further configuration hints. In case of library loading errors (e.g. "Error while loading shared libraries: libntdll.so"), make sure to add the library path to /etc/ld.so.conf and run ldconfig as root. In order to verify the correctness of the environment you need for Wine to run successfully, you may run "./tools/winecheck | less". You'll get a percentage score indicating "Wine configuration correctness". As this program is alpha, it doesn't run a truly thorough test yet, though, so it should be taken as a first verification step only. See wine.conf man page on how to switch to text mode only support if desired. 6. RUNNING PROGRAMS When invoking Wine, you may specify the entire path to the executable, or a filename only. For example: to run Solitaire: wine sol (using the searchpath to locate the file) wine sol.exe wine c:\\windows\\sol.exe (using a DOS filename) wine /usr/windows/sol.exe (using a Unix filename) Note: the path of the file will also be added to the path when a full name is supplied on the commandline. Wine is not yet complete, so several programs may crash. Provided you set up winedbg correctly according to documentation/debugger.sgml, you will be dropped into a debugger so that you can investigate and fix the problem. For more information on how to do this, please read the file documentation/debugging.sgml. You should backup all your important files that you give Wine access to, or use a special Wine copy of them, as there have been some cases of users reporting file corruption. Do NOT run Explorer, for instance, if you don't have a proper backup, as it renames/cripples several directories sometimes. Not even other MS apps such as e.g. Messenger are safe, as they launch Explorer somehow. This particular corruption (!$!$!$!$.pfr) can at least partially be fixed by using http://home.nexgo.de/andi.mohr/download/decorrupt_explorer 7. DOCUMENTATION Some documentation (various Wine Guides etc.) can be found in the documentation/ directory (apart from also being available on WineHQ). If you want to process the SGML files in there, then you can run "make doc" in the documentation/ directory. Doing so requires the sgml tools package (for db2html, db2ps, db2pdf) named: Debian: docbook-utils Mandrake: sgml-tools-A.B.C-DDmdk SuSE: docbktls-A.BB.C-DD 8. GETTING MORE INFORMATION WWW: A great deal of information about Wine is available from WineHQ at http://www.winehq.com/ : various Wine Guides, application database, bug tracking. This is probably the best starting point. FAQ: The Wine FAQ is located at http://www.winehq.com/FAQ Usenet: You can discuss Wine-related issues and get help on comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine. Bugs: Report bugs to Wine Bugzilla at http://bugs.winehq.com/. Please search the bugzilla database to check whether your problem is already found before posting a bug report. You can also post bug reports to comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine. Please read the file documentation/bugs.sgml to see what information is required. IRC: Online help is available at channel #WineHQ on irc.openprojects.net. CVS: The current Wine development tree is available through CVS. Go to http://www.winehq.com/development/ for more information. Mailing lists: There are several mailing lists for Wine developers; see http://www.winehq.com/development/#ml for more information. If you add something, or fix a bug, please send a patch (in 'diff -u' format) to firstname.lastname@example.org list for inclusion in the next release. -- Alexandre Julliard email@example.com