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Overview

ClassMate is a zero-dependency Java library for accurately introspecting type information, including reliable resolution of generic type declarations for both classes ("types") and members (fields, methods and constructors).

Project is licensed under Apache License 2.0

Documentation

Project wiki has Javadocs.

External links that may help include:


Usage

Maven dep

To use ClassMate via Maven, include following dependency:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.fasterxml</groupId>
  <artifactId>classmate</artifactId>
  <version>0.5.5</version>
</dependency>

Non-Maven

Downloads available from Project wiki.

Resolving Class type information

Main class used for fully resolving type information for classes is com.fasterxml.classmate.TypeResolver. TypeResolver does simple caching for resolved supertypes (since many subtypes resolve to smaller set of supertypes, typically). Since all access to shared data is synchronized, a single TypeResolver instance is typically shared for a single system (as a plain old static singleton): there are no benefits to instantiating more instances.

Its main resolution methods are:

  • resolve(Class cls): given a plain old class, will use generic type information that super type declarations (extends, implements) may have.
  • resolve(GenericType<T>): given a subtype of GenericType (which uses "Super-type Token" pattern), fully resolve type information
  • resolve(Class<?> baseType, Class<?> typeParameter1, ... , Class<?> typeParameter2): given base type (like List.class) and zero or more type parameters (either as Class es to resolve, or as ResolvedType s), resolves type information

Result in all these cases is an instance of ResolvedType, which you can think of as generic type information containing replacement for java.lang.Class. It is also the starting point for resolving member (constructor, field, method) information.

Resolving Member information

Member information resolution is done by com.fasterxml.classmate.MemberResolver, which takes a ResolvedType and produces ResolvedTypeWithMembers. As with TypeResolver, a single instance is typically shared by all code; but since no reuse of information is done, creating new instances is cheap and need not be avoided.

There are a few configuration options that can be used to determine things like:

  • Whether to include information from java.lang.Object (default: ignore and do not include)
  • Which members to filter out before aggregation (default: no filtering, include all members)
  • Which annotations to include in resolved members (default: include nothing)
  • For method annotations included, whether annotations from overridden methods are be inherited by overriding methods.
  • Which annotation overrides (aka "mix-ins") to use for which classes (default: no overrides)

ResolvedTypeWithMembers has simple accessors for:

  • Constructors: only constructors of the resolved type itself included (no constructors of superclasses)
  • Fields: all fields from resolved type and its superclasses are included; expect in cases where fields are masked, in which case masked fields (super-class field with same name as a field on its sub-class) are not included.
  • Static methods: only methods declared by resolved type itself
  • Member methods: all methods from resolved type and its supertypes are included; except for overriding in which case only overriding method is included (which also means that methods from interfaces are typically not included, when implementing class has overriding method intance)

Annotations of all member types can be overridden by annotation overrides; annotation value defaulting only works for members that use inheritance, meaning just member methods.

Member information is lazily constructed. Access to member information is synchronized such that it is safe to share ResolvedTypeWithMembers instances.

Examples

The following examples are all backed by an accompanying junit test

Resolving Classes

Resolve List.class
TypeResolver typeResolver = new TypeResolver();
// listType => List<Object>
ResolvedType listType = typeResolver.resolve(List.class);
Resolve List<String>.class
// listType => List<String>
ResolvedType listType = typeResolver.resolve(List.class, String.class);
Resolve List<String>.class (leveraging already ResolvedType object)
ResolvedType stringType = typeResolver.resolve(String.class);
// listType => List<String>
ResolvedType listType = typeResolver.resolve(List.class, stringType);
Resolve List<String>.class using "super type token"
// listType => List<String>
ResolvedType listType = typeResolver.resolve(new GenericType<List<String>>() {});

Resolving Members (i.e., Field/Method/Constructor)

Resolving All Members

Resolve ArrayList<String> static/instance Methods
ResolvedType arrayListType = typeResolver.resolve(ArrayList.class, String.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers arrayListTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(arrayListType, null, null);
// get static methods
ResolvedMethod[] staticArrayListMethods = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getStaticMethods();
// get instance methods
ResolvedMethod[] arrayListMethods = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods();
Resolve ArrayList<String> Fields
ResolvedType arrayListType = typeResolver.resolve(ArrayList.class, String.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers arrayListTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(arrayListType, null, null);
// get static/instance fields
ResolvedField[] arrayListFields = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getMemberFields();
Resolve ArrayList<String> Constructors
ResolvedType arrayListType = typeResolver.resolve(ArrayList.class, String.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers arrayListTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(arrayListType, null, null);
// get static/instance fields
ResolvedConstructor[] arrayListConstructors = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getConstructors();

Resolving Particular Members (i.e., Filtering)

Resolve ArrayList<String>#size() Method
ResolvedType arrayListType = typeResolver.resolve(ArrayList.class, String.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
memberResolver.setMethodFilter(new Filter<RawMethod>() {
    @Override public boolean include(RawMethod element) {
        return "size".equals(element.getName());
    }
});
ResolvedTypeWithMembers arrayListTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(arrayListType, null, null);
ResolvedMethod sizeMethod = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Resolve ArrayList<String>.size Field
ResolvedType arrayListType = typeResolver.resolve(ArrayList.class, String.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
memberResolver.setFieldFilter(new Filter<RawField>() {
    @Override public boolean include(RawField element) {
        return "size".equals(element.getName());
    }
});
ResolvedTypeWithMembers arrayListTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(arrayListType, null, null);
ResolvedField sizeField = arrayListTypeWithMembers.getMemberFields()[0];

Resolving Members and their Annotations

Classes for reference in the examples below:

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface Marker { }

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Inherited
public @interface MarkerA { }

public class SomeClass {
    @Marker @MarkerA
    public void someMethod() { }
}
public class SomeSubclass extends SomeClass {
    @Override
    public void someMethod() { }
}
Resolve SomeClass#someMethod()'s Annotations
ResolvedType someType = typeResolver.resolve(SomeClass.class);
MemberResolver memberResolver = new MemberResolver(typeResolver);
memberResolver.setMethodFilter(new Filter<RawMethod>() {
    @Override public boolean include(RawMethod element) {
        return "someMethod".equals(element.getName());
    }
});
AnnotationConfiguration annConfig = new AnnotationConfiguration.StdConfiguration(AnnotationInclusion.INCLUDE_BUT_DONT_INHERIT);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers someTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someType, annConfig, null);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker != null
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA != null
Resolve SomeSubclass#someMethod()'s Annotations
// setup removed for brevity; same as above only using SomeSubclass instead of SomeClass

AnnotationConfiguration annConfig = new AnnotationConfiguration.StdConfiguration(AnnotationInclusion.INCLUDE_BUT_DONT_INHERIT);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers someSubclassTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someSubclassType, annConfig, null);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someSubclassTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker == null
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA == null
Override override = someMethod.get(Override.class); // override == null (RetentionPolicy = SOURCE)
Resolve SomeSubclass#someMethod()'s Annotations including @Inherited
// setup removed for brevity; same as above

AnnotationConfiguration annConfig = new AnnotationConfiguration.StdConfiguration(AnnotationInclusion.INCLUDE_AND_INHERIT_IF_INHERITED);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers someSubclassTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someSubclassType, annConfig, null);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someSubclassTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker == null
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA != null
Override override = someMethod.get(Override.class); // override == null (RetentionPolicy = SOURCE)
Resolve SomeSubclass#someMethod()'s Annotations including all super class's Annotations
// setup removed for brevity; same as above

AnnotationConfiguration annConfig = new AnnotationConfiguration.StdConfiguration(AnnotationInclusion.INCLUDE_AND_INHERIT);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers someSubclassTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someSubclassType, annConfig, null);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someSubclassTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker != null
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA != null
Override override = someMethod.get(Override.class); // override == null (RetentionPolicy = SOURCE)

Using Annotation "mix-ins"

Types with the same method signature, field definition or constructor signature but which aren't explicitly related to one another (i.e., extend each other or implement the same interface) can have their annotations "mixed in" to others' resolved types. For example, using the SomeClass from above, let's add another class definition.

public class SomeOtherClass {
    public void someMethod() { }
}

The someMethod signature on SomeOtherClass is the same as SomeClass however SomeOtherClass does not extend from SomeClass. Member resolution for SomeOtherClass, like we've done above, will (of course) result in no Annotations.

// setup removed for brevity; similar to above but using SomeOtherClass

AnnotationConfiguration annConfig = new AnnotationConfiguration.StdConfiguration(AnnotationInclusion.INCLUDE_AND_INHERIT);
ResolvedTypeWithMembers someOtherClassTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someOtherClassType, annConfig, null);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someOtherClassTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker == null, of course
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA == null, of course

We can augment the annotations returned by SomeOtherClass with "mix-ins"

// setup removed for brevity; same as above, using SomeOtherClass

// MIX-IN -> take SomeClass and apply to SomeOtherClass
AnnotationOverrides annOverrides = AnnotationOverrides.builder().add(SomeOtherClass.class, SomeClass.class).build();

ResolvedTypeWithMembers someOtherTypeWithMembers = memberResolver.resolve(someOtherType, annConfig, annOverrides);
ResolvedMethod someMethod = someOtherTypeWithMembers.getMemberMethods()[0];
Marker marker = someMethod.get(Marker.class);  // marker != null
MarkerA markerA = someMethod.get(MarkerA.class); // markerA != null

Now the ResolvedMethod for SomeOtherClass also contains the Marker and MarkerA annotations!

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