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About

Pure-FTPd Docker image based on Alpine Linux with MySQL, PostgreSQL and LDAP support.
If you are interested, check out my other Docker images!

💡 Want to be notified of new releases? Check out 🔔 Diun (Docker Image Update Notifier) project!


Features

  • Multi-platform image
  • s6-overlay as process supervisor
  • PureDB, MySQL, PostgreSQL and LDAP support
  • Latest Pure-FTPd release compiled from source
  • Support of argon2 and scrypt hashing method through Libsodium
  • Logs processed to stdout through socklog-overlay
  • Support of pure-uploadscript
  • PASSIVE_IP for PASV support automatically resolved

Build locally

git clone https://github.com/crazy-max/docker-pure-ftpd.git
cd docker-pure-ftpd

# Build image and output to docker (default)
docker buildx bake

# Build multi-platform image
docker buildx bake image-all

Image

Registry Image
Docker Hub crazymax/pure-ftpd
GitHub Container Registry ghcr.io/crazy-max/pure-ftpd

Following platforms for this image are available:

$ docker run --rm mplatform/mquery crazymax/pure-ftpd:latest
Image: crazymax/pure-ftpd:latest
 * Manifest List: Yes
 * Supported platforms:
   - linux/amd64
   - linux/arm/v6
   - linux/arm/v7
   - linux/arm64
   - linux/386
   - linux/ppc64le

Environment variables

  • TZ: Timezone assigned to the container (default UTC)
  • AUTH_METHOD: Authentication method to use. Can be puredb, mysql, pgsql or ldap (default puredb)
  • SECURE_MODE: Enable secure mode (default true)
  • PASSIVE_IP: IP/Host for PASV support (default auto resolved with dig +short myip.opendns.com @resolver1.opendns.com)
  • PASSIVE_PORT_RANGE: Port range for passive connections (default 30000:30009)
  • DB_TIMEOUT: Time in seconds after which we stop trying to reach the database server. Only used for mysql and pgsql auth method (default 45)
  • UPLOADSCRIPT: What program/script to run after an upload. It has to be an absolute filename. (for example /data/uploadscript.sh)

⚠️ Do not set --uploadscript flag. It will be added if UPLOADSCRIPT is defined.

Volumes

  • /data: Contains config files and PureDB file

Ports

  • 2100: FTP port
  • 30000-30009: PASV port range

Usage

Docker Compose

Docker compose is the recommended way to run this image. You can use the following docker compose template, then run the container:

docker-compose up -d
docker-compose logs -f

Command line

You can also use the following minimal command:

$ docker run -d --name pure-ftpd \
  -p 2100:2100 \
  -p 30000-30009:30000-30009 \
  -e "TZ=Europe/Paris" \
  -v $(pwd)/data:/data \
  crazymax/pure-ftpd

Upgrade

Recreate the container whenever I push an update:

docker-compose pull
docker-compose up -d

Notes

Flags

This image uses flags instead of the configuration file to set Pure-FTPd. Some flags are forced but you can pass additional flags in /data/pureftpd.flags file:

-d
-d
--maxclientsperip 5
--minuid 100
--limitrecursion 10000:3

Secure mode

SECURE_MODE enables specially crafted flags to enforced security of Pure-FTPd.

PureDB authentication method

Using PureDB authentication method, the container will create a blank password file in /data/pureftpd.passwd and a initialize a PureDB database in /data/pureftpd.pdb. If a password file is already available, it will be read on startup and the PureDB database will be updated.

At first execution of the container no user will be available and you will have to create one:

$ docker-compose exec pureftpd pure-pw useradd foo -u 1003 -g 1005 -d /home/foo -m
Password:
Enter it again:
$ docker-compose exec pureftpd pure-pw list
foo                 /home/foo/./
$ cat ./data/pureftpd.passwd
foo:$2a$10$Oqn7I2P7YaGxQrtuydcDKuxmCJqPR7a79EeDy2gChyOGEnYA4UIPK:1003:1005::/home/foo/./::::::::::::

User foo will be created with uid 1003, gid 1005 with his home directory located at /home/foo. The password will be asked after. More info about local users database: https://github.com/jedisct1/pure-ftpd/blob/master/README.Virtual-Users

Persist FTP user home

Looking at the previous example, don't forget to persist the home directory through a named or bind mounted volume like:

version: "3.2"

services:
  pureftpd:
    image: crazymax/pure-ftpd
    container_name: pureftpd
    ports:
      - "2100:2100"
      - "30000-30009:30000-30009"
    volumes:
      - "./data:/data"
      - "./foo:/home/foo"
    environment:
      - "TZ=Europe/Paris"
      - "AUTH_METHOD=puredb"
    restart: always

MySQL authentication method

A quick example to use MySQL authentication method is also available using a MariaDB container. Before using starting the container, a MySQL configuration file must be available in /data/pureftpd-mysql.conf.

In the docker compose example available, the database and the users table will be created at first launch.

To create your first user you can use this one line command:

$ docker-compose exec db mysql -u pureftpd -p'asupersecretpassword' -e "INSERT INTO users (User,Password,Uid,Gid,Dir) VALUES ('foo',ENCRYPT('test'),'1003','1005','/home/foo');" pureftpd
$ docker-compose exec db mysql -u pureftpd -p'asupersecretpassword' -e "SELECT * FROM users;" pureftpd
+------+---------------+------+------+-----------+
| User | Password      | Uid  | Gid  | Dir       |
+------+---------------+------+------+-----------+
| foo  | Oo4cJdd1HNVA6 | 1003 | 1005 | /home/foo |
+------+---------------+------+------+-----------+

User foo will be created with uid 1003, gid 1005 with his home directory located at /home/foo. Here we assume crypt is the MySQLCrypt method and the password test is hashed using crypt. More info about MySQL authentication method: https://github.com/jedisct1/pure-ftpd/blob/master/README.MySQL

PostgreSQL authentication method

Like MySQL, there is also a quick example to use PostgreSQL authentication method using a PostgreSQL container. And also before starting the container, a PostgreSQL configuration file must be available in /data/pureftpd-pgsql.conf.

In the docker compose example available, the database and the users table will be also created at first launch.

How add new user with encrypted password?

CREATE EXTENSION pgcrypto;
INSERT INTO "users" ("User", "Password", "Dir") VALUES ('foo', crypt('mypassword', gen_salt('bf')), '/home/foo');

More info about PostgreSQL authentication method: https://github.com/jedisct1/pure-ftpd/blob/master/README.PGSQL

TLS connection

TLS connections require certificates, as well as their key. Both can be bundled into a single file. If you have both a .pem file and a .key file, just concatenate the content of the .key file to the .pem file.

The certificate needs to be located in /data/pureftpd.pem and --tls <opt> added to enable TLS connection.

To get started, you can create a self-signed certificate with the following command:

docker run --rm -it --entrypoint '' -v $(pwd)/data:/data crazymax/pure-ftpd \
  openssl dhparam -out /data/pureftpd-dhparams.pem 2048
docker run --rm -it --entrypoint '' -v $(pwd)/data:/data crazymax/pure-ftpd \
  openssl req -x509 -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -keyout /data/pureftpd.pem -out /data/pureftpd.pem

Logs

Logs are displayed through stdout using socklog-overlay. You can increase verbosity with -d -d flags.

$ docker-compose logs -f pureftpd
Attaching to pureftpd
pureftpd    | [s6-init] making user provided files available at /var/run/s6/etc...exited 0.
pureftpd    | [s6-init] ensuring user provided files have correct perms...exited 0.
pureftpd    | [fix-attrs.d] applying ownership & permissions fixes...
pureftpd    | [fix-attrs.d] done.
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] executing container initialization scripts...
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 01-config.sh: executing...
pureftpd    | Setting timezone to America/Edmonton...
pureftpd    | Use PureDB authentication method
pureftpd    | Flags
pureftpd    |   Secure:
pureftpd    |   Additional:
pureftpd    |   All: --bind 0.0.0.0,2100 --ipv4only --passiveportrange 30000:30009 --noanonymous --createhomedir --nochmod --syslogfacility ftp --forcepassiveip 90.101.64.158 --login puredb:/data/pureftpd.pdb
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 01-config.sh: exited 0.
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 02-service.sh: executing...
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 02-service.sh: exited 0.
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 03-uploadscript.sh: executing...
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] 03-uploadscript.sh: exited 0.
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] ~-socklog: executing...
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] ~-socklog: exited 0.
pureftpd    | [cont-init.d] done.
pureftpd    | [services.d] starting services
pureftpd    | [services.d] done.
pureftpd    | ftp.info: May 21 18:09:56 pure-ftpd: (?@192.168.0.1) [INFO] New connection from 192.168.0.1
pureftpd    | ftp.info: May 21 18:09:56 pure-ftpd: (?@192.168.0.1) [INFO] foo is now logged in
pureftpd    | ftp.notice: May 21 18:10:17 pure-ftpd: (foo@192.168.0.1) [NOTICE] /home/foo//unlock.bin uploaded  (1024 bytes, 448.83KB/sec)
...

Contributing

Want to contribute? Awesome! The most basic way to show your support is to star the project, or to raise issues. You can also support this project by becoming a sponsor on GitHub or by making a Paypal donation to ensure this journey continues indefinitely!

Thanks again for your support, it is much appreciated! 🙏

License

MIT. See LICENSE for more details.