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package Module::Find;
use 5.006001;
use strict;
use warnings;
use File::Spec;
use File::Find;
our $VERSION = '0.13';
our $basedir = undef;
our @results = ();
our $prune = 0;
our $followMode = 1;
our @ISA = qw(Exporter);
our @EXPORT = qw(findsubmod findallmod usesub useall setmoduledirs);
our @EXPORT_OK = qw(followsymlinks ignoresymlinks);
=encoding utf-8
=head1 NAME
Module::Find - Find and use installed modules in a (sub)category
=head1 SYNOPSIS
use Module::Find;
# use all modules in the Plugins/ directory
@found = usesub Mysoft::Plugins;
# use modules in all subdirectories
@found = useall Mysoft::Plugins;
# find all DBI::... modules
@found = findsubmod DBI;
# find anything in the CGI/ directory
@found = findallmod CGI;
# set your own search dirs (uses @INC otherwise)
setmoduledirs(@INC, @plugindirs, $appdir);
# not exported by default
use Module::Find qw(ignoresymlinks followsymlinks);
# ignore symlinks
ignoresymlinks();
# follow symlinks (default)
followsymlinks();
=head1 DESCRIPTION
Module::Find lets you find and use modules in categories. This can be very
useful for auto-detecting driver or plugin modules. You can differentiate
between looking in the category itself or in all subcategories.
If you want Module::Find to search in a certain directory on your
harddisk (such as the plugins directory of your software installation),
make sure you modify C<@INC> before you call the Module::Find functions.
=head1 FUNCTIONS
=over
=item C<setmoduledirs(@directories)>
Sets the directories to be searched for modules. If not set, Module::Find
will use @INC. If you use this function, @INC will I<not> be included
automatically, so add it if you want it. Set to undef to revert to
default behaviour.
=cut
sub setmoduledirs {
return @Module::Find::ModuleDirs = grep { defined } @_;
}
=item C<@found = findsubmod Module::Category>
Returns modules found in the Module/Category subdirectories of your perl
installation. E.g. C<findsubmod CGI> will return C<CGI::Session>, but
not C<CGI::Session::File> .
=cut
sub findsubmod(*) {
$prune = 1;
return _find($_[0]);
}
=item C<@found = findallmod Module::Category>
Returns modules found in the Module/Category subdirectories of your perl
installation. E.g. C<findallmod CGI> will return C<CGI::Session> and also
C<CGI::Session::File> .
=cut
sub findallmod(*) {
$prune = 0;
return _find($_[0]);
}
=item C<@found = usesub Module::Category>
Uses and returns modules found in the Module/Category subdirectories of your perl
installation. E.g. C<usesub CGI> will return C<CGI::Session>, but
not C<CGI::Session::File> .
If any module dies during loading, usesub will also die at this point.
=cut
sub usesub(*) {
$prune = 1;
my @r = _find($_[0]);
foreach my $m (@r) {
eval " require $m; import $m ; ";
die $@ if $@;
}
return @r;
}
=item C<@found = useall Module::Category>
Uses and returns modules found in the Module/Category subdirectories of your perl installation. E.g. C<useall CGI> will return C<CGI::Session> and also
C<CGI::Session::File> .
If any module dies during loading, useall will also die at this point.
=cut
sub useall(*) {
$prune = 0;
my @r = _find($_[0]);
foreach my $m (@r) {
eval " require $m; import $m; ";
die $@ if $@;
}
return @r;
}
# 'wanted' functions for find()
# you know, this would be a nice application for currying...
sub _wanted {
my $name = File::Spec->abs2rel($_, $basedir);
return unless $name && $name ne File::Spec->curdir();
if (-d && $prune) {
$File::Find::prune = 1;
return;
}
return unless /\.pm$/ && -r;
$name =~ s|\.pm$||;
$name = join('::', File::Spec->splitdir($name));
push @results, $name;
}
# helper functions for finding files
sub _find(*) {
my ($category) = @_;
return undef unless defined $category;
my $dir = File::Spec->catdir(split(/::|'/, $category));
my @dirs;
if (@Module::Find::ModuleDirs) {
@dirs = map { File::Spec->catdir($_, $dir) }
@Module::Find::ModuleDirs;
} else {
@dirs = map { File::Spec->catdir($_, $dir) } @INC;
}
@results = ();
foreach $basedir (@dirs) {
next unless -d $basedir;
find({wanted => \&_wanted,
no_chdir => 1,
follow => $followMode}, $basedir);
}
# filter duplicate modules
my %seen = ();
@results = grep { not $seen{$_}++ } @results;
@results = map "$category\::$_", @results;
@results = map {
($_ =~ m{^(\w+(?:(?:::|')\w+)*)$})[0] || die "$_ does not look like a package name"
} @results;
return @results;
}
=item C<ignoresymlinks()>
Do not follow symlinks. This function is not exported by default.
=cut
sub ignoresymlinks {
$followMode = 0;
}
=item C<followsymlinks()>
Follow symlinks (default behaviour). This function is not exported by default.
=cut
sub followsymlinks {
$followMode = 1;
}
=back
=head1 HISTORY
=over 8
=item 0.01, 2004-04-22
Original version; created by h2xs 1.22
=item 0.02, 2004-05-25
Added test modules that were left out in the first version. Thanks to
Stuart Johnston for alerting me to this.
=item 0.03, 2004-06-18
Fixed a bug (non-localized $_) by declaring a loop variable in use functions.
Thanks to Stuart Johnston for alerting me to this and providing a fix.
Fixed non-platform compatibility by using File::Spec.
Thanks to brian d foy.
Added setmoduledirs and updated tests. Idea shamelessly stolen from
...errm... inspired by brian d foy.
=item 0.04, 2005-05-20
Added POD tests.
=item 0.05, 2005-11-30
Fixed issue with bugfix in PathTools-3.14.
=item 0.06, 2008-01-26
Module::Find now won't report duplicate modules several times anymore (thanks to Uwe Völker for the report and the patch)
=item 0.07, 2009-09-08
Fixed RT#38302: Module::Find now follows symlinks by default (can be disabled).
=item 0.08, 2009-09-08
Fixed RT#49511: Removed Mac OS X extended attributes from distribution
=item 0.09, 2010-02-26
Fixed RT#38302: Fixed META.yml generation (thanks very much to cpanservice for the help).
=item 0.10, 2010-02-26
Fixed RT#55010: Removed Unicode BOM from Find.pm.
=item 0.11, 2012-05-22
Fixed RT#74251: defined(@array) is deprecated under Perl 5.15.7.
Thanks to Roman F, who contributed the implementation.
=item 0.12, 2014-02-08
Fixed RT#81077: useall fails in taint mode
Thanks to Aran Deltac, who contributed the implementation and test.
Fixed RT#83596: Documentation doesn't describe behaviour if a module fails to load
Clarified documentation for useall and usesub.
Fixed RT#62923: setmoduledirs(undef) doesn't reset to searching @INC
Added more explicit tests.
Thanks to Colin Robertson for his input.
=item 0.13, 2015-03-09
This release contains two contributions from Moritz Lenz:
- Link to Module::Pluggable and Class::Factory::Util in "SEE ALSO"
- Align package name parsing with how perl does it (allowing single quotes as module separator)
Added test for meta.yml
=back
=head1 DEVELOPMENT NOTES
Please report any bugs using the CPAN RT system. The development repository for this module is hosted on GitHub: L<http://github.com/crenz/Module-Find/>.
=head1 SEE ALSO
L<perl>, L<Module::Pluggable>, L<Class::Factory::Util>
=head1 AUTHOR
Christian Renz, E<lt>crenz@web42.comE<gt>
=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright 2004-2014 by Christian Renz <crenz@web42.com>. All rights reserved.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.
=cut
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