Presentation api manual

Raphael Kubo da Costa edited this page Mar 24, 2014 · 16 revisions

Currently, Presentation API on Crosswalk is only for Android 4.2+ with Miracast compatible wireless display support. The Presentation API was firstly landed in Crosswalk

Presentation API allows web app to stream web contents (aka. presentation) to the secondary display connected to the Android device via Miracast compatible wireless display. See W3C spec draft at

Sample Code

The controller page is used to open another HTML page on the secondary display:


var presentationWindow = null;

function onsuccess(w) {
  presentationWindow = w;
  w.postMessage("hello", "*");

function onerror(error) {
  console.log("failed to request show: " +;

function showPresentation() {
  if (!navigator.presentation.displayAvailable) {
    alert("No available display is found.");

  navigator.presentation.addEventListener("displayavailablechange", function() {
    if (!navigator.presentation.displayAvailable)
      presentationWindow = null;
  navigator.presentation.requestShow("content.html", onsuccess, onerror);

window.addEventListener("message", function(event) {
  var msg =;
  if (msg == "close me" && presentationWindow !== null) {
    presentationWindow = null;
}, false);

<input type="button" onclick="showPresentation();"></input>

The content page will be showed on the secondary display:

window.addEventListener("message", function(event) {
  var msg =;
  console.log("Receive message for its opener: " + msg);
  event.source.postMessage("close me", "*");
}, false);

JavaScript API Manual

  • navigator.presentation.requestShow Method

requestShow sends a request to the user agent for presentation show. If an available secondary display is ready for use, a new presentation window for a HTML page specified by url will be opened on the secondary display from the current browsing context. Once the page is finished to load, the successCallback will be invoked and accepts the window object of the new page as the input parameter. Thus, the communication between the opener window and presentation window follows the approach of HTML5 Web Messaging. You could call postMessage to post a message and listen onmessage to handle the message from other side.

If one of the following conditions happens, requestShow will fail and the errorCallback gets called with an DOMError object. The following table gives the description about various error names.

Error name Description
NotFoundError No available secondary display found
InvalidAccessError A presentation is already showed on secondary display
NotSupportedError The platform doesn't support Miracast protocol
InvalidParamterError An invalid url parameter is passed

Note: Since there is no straightforward user interaction on the secondary display, you should take 2 things into consideration when designing a web page showed on secondary display:

  • UI layout for big screen.

  • Avoid popup JavaScript dialog, e.g. alert and confirm dialog.

  • navigator.presentation.displayAvailable Property

True if there is at least an available secondary display for presentation show, otherwise it is false. When one secondary display is disconnected,

  • The page content will be switched to the next available display automatically if it is not the only secondary display connected to device.

  • The page content would be disposed if it is the only secondary display connected, and displayAvailable property is set to false.

  • navigator.presentation.displayavailablechange Event

displayavailablechange event will be fired when the first secondary display is arrived or the last secondary display is removed, the property of navigator.presentation.displayAvailable is set to true or false.

The presentation browsing context is closed if the secondary display becomes unavailable, so that the app has no need to close it by window.close.

How to setup wireless display?


  • Android 4.2 or newer device with Miracast enabled
  • A TV or a display with HDMI port
  • Wireless display adapter, e.g. Netgear PTV3000, Intel WiDi® adapter


  • Plugin the wireless display adapter to display's HDMI port
  • Open 'Setting' app and select 'Display' entry on Android device
  • Turn on 'Wireless display' to connect the available wireless display

Note: If you have no such wireless display adapter, but are willing to play it on your device, you could use the simulated secondary display:

  • Open Setting app and select Developer Options entry
  • Find Simulate Secondary Display to select a display


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