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A compatibility layer for applications packaged as ".apk".
C C++
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apklib
compat
debian
jni
libs
linker
modules
pandora
LICENSE.apkenv
README
apkenv.c
apkenv.cbp
apkenv.depend
apkenv.h
makefile

README

apkenv
======

A compatibility layer for applications packaged as .apk.

Support website: http://thp.io/2012/apkenv/


Example module and .apk
=======================

An example module is provided in modules/trg2.c - you can use this module as a
basis to create your own modules. You can download the .apk that works with
this example module from:

    http://thp.io/2011/trg2/


"Installing" applications
=========================

apkenv now includes a very rudimentary facility to "install" an .apk as an
application. What it really does is extract the icon from the .apk (this might
not work for all .apks - we'd need to read the manifest to get the real file
name and application name in all cases) and create a launcher icon that starts
apkenv with the apk file as its argument. To use it, type:

   apkenv --install /path/to/your.apk

please not that installing is not support on the pandora port yet.


softfp vs. hardfp
=================

Android is softfp.
Maemo 5 is softfp.
MeeGo 1.2 Harmattan is hardfp.
Pandora is softfp.

softfp and hardfp differ in the way functions with floating point arguments
get called. Trying to call a hardfp function with the softfp calling
convention will not work and likely result in a crash or worse. To avoid
this, you can add an attribute to function declarations to make sure that
the function accepts its parameters using the softfp calling convention,
like this:

    __attribute__((pcs("aapcs")))

There's a convenience #define in apkenv.h called "SOFTFP" with which you can
decorate all functions that are either in a native library (i.e. in
modules/) or that will be called from the native library (i.e. in compat/).
Please note that in theory this attribute is only required on functions that
pass float values in the arguments, but do it always to save you some
headaches.


Debugging crashes
=================

First of all, enable debugging in the makefile (set DEBUG=1). Then rebuild
to get a debug build with lots of debug output. You can then check which
symbols get mapped from where at the linker phase (e.g. apkenv x.apk | grep
'from libc') - in general, most libc functions must be mapped in order to
avoid problems (e.g. stdio functions don't work in Bionic libc, so we have
to hack around these issues - the same is true for memory (de-)allocation,
etc..).

When you have all relevant functions mapped, ltrace'ing apkenv can help you
find the library function in which it crashes - this will not list functions
from Bionic libs, but only from your system libraries (another reason why it
is usually a good idea to map system-level functions).


Documentation
=============

JNI Invocation API
http://docs.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/jni/spec/invocation.html

JNI Functions
http://docs.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/jni/spec/functions.html

JNI Types and Data Structures
http://docs.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/guide/jni/spec/types.html

GCC Function Attributes
http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Function-Attributes.html

ARM Hard Float Point: VFP Comparison
http://wiki.debian.org/ArmHardFloatPort/VfpComparison

Android MotionEvent
http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/MotionEvent.html


Third Party Code
================

All code written by me (thp) for apkenv is licensed under a simplified BSD
license (see LICENSE.apkenv). However, code from third parties might be
licensed under a different license, and have different copyright holders:

apklib/unzip.{c,h}, apklib/ioapi.{c,h}:
    The MiniZip project - http://www.winimage.com/zLibDll/minizip.html
    Copyright (C) 1998-2010 Gilles Vollant (minizip)
    Copyright (C) 2007-2008 Even Rouault
    Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Mathias Svensson ( http://result42.com )

apklib/ioapi_mem.c:
    ioapi implementation for accessing .zip files in memory
    Copyright (C) 1998-2003 Gilles Vollant
    Copyright (C) 2003 Justin Fletcher

linker/*:
    The Android Bionic Linker + The Android Bionic C Library
    Copyright (c) 2005-2008, The Android Open Source Project

jni/jni.h:
    libnativehelper: Support functions for Android's class libraries
    Copyright (C) 2006 The Android Open Source Project

compat/hooks.c, compat/pthread_wrapper.c:
    pthread wrapper implementation based on code from libhybris
    Copyright (C) 2012 Carsten Munk


Pandora Port
============

All code written by me (crowriot) for apkenv's pandora port is 
licensed under same conditions as the apkenv itself.


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