API to typeform data sets
Typeform is a company that specializes in online form building. This R package allows users to download their form results through the exposed API (V2).
rtypeform package now uses V2. This is a breaking change from
the previous version.**
The package can be installed from CRAN
and loaded in the usual way.
Using this package
This package can be used with either a typeform personal access token or by setting up an application and creating an OAuth access token.
A personal access token gives you full access to all of the typeform API for your typeforms and results. Note anyone with your personal access token can retrieve, update and delete your typeforms and data. To access your typeform data with a personal access token see the Personal Access Token section below.
When creating an application with an OAuth access token, explicit permission for different functionality (scopes) must be granted. See the section below on OAuth access.
If you have previously used the version 1 API this is now entirely removed. You will need to generate new tokens.
Personal Access Token
To use this package with a personal access token you need to first obtain one. It is fairly easy to obtain one. See typeform’s help page. The token will look something like
When you create an application that authenticates using OAuth you will use scopes to define the extent of access to a users data. This way your app can request a users permission to undertake actions on that users behalf.
This link will get you started with registering a new application on your account.
Once you have your client id and client secret you can use the rtypeform package to set these as options.
As with the personal access token. Anyone with these details can impersonate you to obtain, update and remove data, they should always be kept safe.
Having set the client id and secret, before we can obtain an access
token we also need to define the scope of our application.
rtypeform_set_scope takes as argument a character vector of allowed
access scopes. For more information see the scopes section below.
We can then generate a new token with
api = make_new_token()
This will open a web browser prompting the user to give permission. The token can be cached in a local .httr-oauth file between sessions.
You define the scope at the time that the access token is generated. To discover what each scope allows access to, see here.
Using the package
Once you have this key, (either personal access token, or an oauth token
make_new_token()) we can extract data from typeform
api = "XXXXX" # Was get_typeforms() in V1 of the package forms = get_forms(api)
The forms object is also contains attributes containing the total number of forms.
attr(forms, "total_items") #>  135
If you don’t pass your
api token as an argument, it will attempt to
read the variable
typeform_api2 from your
.Renviron file, via
Sys.getenv("typeform_api2"). If this variable is set correctly, then
you can omit the
# See ?get_forms for further details forms = get_forms()
To set the access token for the current session you can use
set (see Efficient R programming Chapter 2 for more details).
You can download data from a particular typeform via
# Most recent typeform form_id = forms$form_id q = get_responses(form_id, completed = TRUE)
q is a list. The first element is
meta that contain
details on the user, such as, their
other list elements are responses to each question.
There are a number of options for downloading the data. For example
q = get_responses(form_id, completed = TRUE, page_size = 100)
?get_responses() help page for other options.
Looking at the responses
Since the responses is list, we get to perform lots of map operations. I
find using purrr and the tidyverse make this a bit easier. To
see the question types we can use string a few
map() commands together
library("tidyverse") question_types = q[-1] %>% # Remove the meta map(~select(.x, type)) %>% map_df(~slice(.x, 1)) %>% pull()
Example: Multiple Filters / Order
Imagine we only want:
- completed results, so we add the parameter
completed = TRUE.
- a maximum of 5 results, so we add the parameter
page_size = 5.
- results since
since = "2018-01-01 11:00:00" # convert to date-time since = lubridate::ymd_hms(since) q = get_responses(form_id, completed = TRUE, page_size = 5, since = since)
- If you have any suggestions or find bugs, please use the github issue tracker.
- Feel free to submit pull requests.
Development of this package was supported by Jumping Rivers