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/***************************************************************************
* _ _ ____ _
* Project ___| | | | _ \| |
* / __| | | | |_) | |
* | (__| |_| | _ <| |___
* \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
*
* Copyright (C) 1998 - 2016, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
*
* This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
* you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
* are also available at https://curl.haxx.se/docs/copyright.html.
*
* You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
*
* This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
* KIND, either express or implied.
*
***************************************************************************/
#include "curl_setup.h"
#include <curl/curl.h>
#include "dotdot.h"
#include "curl_memory.h"
/* The last #include file should be: */
#include "memdebug.h"
/*
* "Remove Dot Segments"
* https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-5.2.4
*/
/*
* Curl_dedotdotify()
* @unittest: 1395
*
* This function gets a zero-terminated path with dot and dotdot sequences
* passed in and strips them off according to the rules in RFC 3986 section
* 5.2.4.
*
* The function handles a query part ('?' + stuff) appended but it expects
* that fragments ('#' + stuff) have already been cut off.
*
* RETURNS
*
* an allocated dedotdotified output string
*/
char *Curl_dedotdotify(const char *input)
{
size_t inlen = strlen(input);
char *clone;
size_t clen = inlen; /* the length of the cloned input */
char *out = malloc(inlen+1);
char *outptr;
char *orgclone;
char *queryp;
if(!out)
return NULL; /* out of memory */
/* get a cloned copy of the input */
clone = strdup(input);
if(!clone) {
free(out);
return NULL;
}
orgclone = clone;
outptr = out;
if(!*clone) {
/* zero length string, return that */
free(out);
return clone;
}
/*
* To handle query-parts properly, we must find it and remove it during the
* dotdot-operation and then append it again at the end to the output
* string.
*/
queryp = strchr(clone, '?');
if(queryp)
*queryp = 0;
do {
/* A. If the input buffer begins with a prefix of "../" or "./", then
remove that prefix from the input buffer; otherwise, */
if(!strncmp("./", clone, 2)) {
clone+=2;
clen-=2;
}
else if(!strncmp("../", clone, 3)) {
clone+=3;
clen-=3;
}
/* B. if the input buffer begins with a prefix of "/./" or "/.", where
"." is a complete path segment, then replace that prefix with "/" in
the input buffer; otherwise, */
else if(!strncmp("/./", clone, 3)) {
clone+=2;
clen-=2;
}
else if(!strcmp("/.", clone)) {
clone[1]='/';
clone++;
clen-=1;
}
/* C. if the input buffer begins with a prefix of "/../" or "/..", where
".." is a complete path segment, then replace that prefix with "/" in
the input buffer and remove the last segment and its preceding "/" (if
any) from the output buffer; otherwise, */
else if(!strncmp("/../", clone, 4)) {
clone+=3;
clen-=3;
/* remove the last segment from the output buffer */
while(outptr > out) {
outptr--;
if(*outptr == '/')
break;
}
*outptr = 0; /* zero-terminate where it stops */
}
else if(!strcmp("/..", clone)) {
clone[2]='/';
clone+=2;
clen-=2;
/* remove the last segment from the output buffer */
while(outptr > out) {
outptr--;
if(*outptr == '/')
break;
}
*outptr = 0; /* zero-terminate where it stops */
}
/* D. if the input buffer consists only of "." or "..", then remove
that from the input buffer; otherwise, */
else if(!strcmp(".", clone) || !strcmp("..", clone)) {
*clone=0;
}
else {
/* E. move the first path segment in the input buffer to the end of
the output buffer, including the initial "/" character (if any) and
any subsequent characters up to, but not including, the next "/"
character or the end of the input buffer. */
do {
*outptr++ = *clone++;
clen--;
} while(*clone && (*clone != '/'));
*outptr = 0;
}
} while(*clone);
if(queryp) {
size_t qlen;
/* There was a query part, append that to the output. The 'clone' string
may now have been altered so we copy from the original input string
from the correct index. */
size_t oindex = queryp - orgclone;
qlen = strlen(&input[oindex]);
memcpy(outptr, &input[oindex], qlen+1); /* include the ending zero byte */
}
free(orgclone);
return out;
}