lib/connect: defer port selection until connect() time #6295
If supported, defer port selection until connect() time
result after patch:
Fail only when all the possible 4-tuple combinations are exhausted, which is
If supported, defer port selection until connect() time if --interface is given and source port is 0. Reproducer: * start fast webserver on port 80 * starve system of ephemeral ports $ sysctl net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range="60990 60999" * start a curl/libcurl "crawler" $curl --keepalive --parallel --parallel-immediate --head --interface 127.0.0.2 "http://127.0.0.[1-254]/file[001-002].txt" current result: (possible some successful data) curl: (45) bind failed with errno 98: Address already in use result after patch: (complete success or few connections failing, higlhy depending on load) Fail only when all the possible 4-tuple combinations are exhausted, which is impossible to do when port is selected at bind() time becuse the kernel does not know if socket will be listen()'ed on or connect'ed yet.