Skip to content
Switch branches/tags

SOLD² - Self-supervised Occlusion-aware Line Description and Detection

This repository contains the implementation of the paper: SOLD² : Self-supervised Occlusion-aware Line Description and Detection, J-T. Lin*, R. Pautrat*, V. Larsson, M. Oswald and M. Pollefeys (Oral at CVPR 2021).

SOLD² is a deep line segment detector and descriptor that can be trained without hand-labelled line segments and that can robustly match lines even in the presence of occlusion.


Matching in the presence of occlusion: demo_occlusion

Matching with a moving camera: demo_moving_camera



We recommend using this code in a Python environment (e.g. venv or conda). The following script installs the necessary requirements with pip:

pip install -r requirements.txt

Set your dataset and experiment paths (where you will store your datasets and checkpoints of your experiments) by modifying the file config/ Both variables DATASET_ROOT and EXP_PATH have to be set.

You can download the version of the Wireframe dataset that we used during our training and testing here. This repository also includes some files to train on the Holicity dataset to add more outdoor images, but note that we did not extensively test this dataset and the original paper was based on the Wireframe dataset only.

Training your own model

All training parameters are located in configuration files in the folder config. Training SOLD² from scratch requires several steps, some of which taking several days, depending on the size of your dataset.

Step 1: Train on a synthetic dataset

The following command will create the synthetic dataset and start training the model on it:

python --mode train --dataset_config config/synthetic_dataset.yaml --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --exp_name sold2_synth
Step 2: Export the raw pseudo ground truth on the Wireframe dataset with homography adaptation

Note that this step can take one to several days depending on your machine and on the size of the dataset. You can set the batch size to the maximum capacity that your GPU can handle. Prior to this step, make sure that the dataset config file config/wireframe_dataset.yaml has the lines gt_source_train and gt_source_test commented and you should also disable the photometric and homographic augmentations.

python --exp_name wireframe_train --mode export --resume_path <path to your previously trained sold2_synth> --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --checkpoint_name <name of the best checkpoint> --export_dataset_mode train --export_batch_size 4

You can similarly perform the same for the test set:

python --exp_name wireframe_test --mode export --resume_path <path to your previously trained sold2_synth> --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --checkpoint_name <name of the best checkpoint> --export_dataset_mode test --export_batch_size 4
Step3: Compute the ground truth line segments from the raw data
cd postprocess
python <name of the previously exported file (e.g. "wireframe_train.h5")> <name of the new data with extracted line segments (e.g. "wireframe_train_gt.h5")> ../config/export_line_features.yaml
cd ..

We recommend testing the results on a few samples of your dataset to check the quality of the output, and modifying the hyperparameters if need be. Using a detect_thresh=0.5 and inlier_thresh=0.99 proved to be successful for the Wireframe dataset in our case for example.

Step 4: Train the detector on the Wireframe dataset

We found it easier to pretrain the detector alone first, before fine-tuning it with the descriptor part. Uncomment the lines 'gt_source_train' and 'gt_source_test' in config/wireframe_dataset.yaml and fill them with the path to the h5 file generated in the previous step.

python --mode train --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --exp_name sold2_wireframe

Alternatively, you can also fine-tune the already trained synthetic model:

python --mode train --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --exp_name sold2_wireframe --pretrained --pretrained_path <path ot the pre-trained sold2_synth> --checkpoint_name <name of the best checkpoint>

Lastly, you can resume a training that was stopped:

python --mode train --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --model_config config/train_detector.yaml --exp_name sold2_wireframe --resume --resume_path <path to the  model to resume> --checkpoint_name <name of the last checkpoint>
Step 5: Train the full pipeline on the Wireframe dataset

You first need to modify the field 'return_type' in config/wireframe_dataset.yaml to 'paired_desc'. The following command will then train the full model (detector + descriptor) on the Wireframe dataset:

python --mode train --dataset_config config/wireframe_dataset.yaml --model_config config/train_full_pipeline.yaml --exp_name sold2_full_wireframe --pretrained --pretrained_path <path ot the pre-trained sold2_wireframe> --checkpoint_name <name of the best checkpoint>

Pretrained models

We provide the checkpoints of two pretrained models:

How to use it

We provide a notebook showing how to use the trained model of SOLD². Additionally, you can use the model to export line features (segments and descriptor maps) as follows:

python --img_list <list to a txt file containing the path to all the images> --output_folder <path to the output folder> --checkpoint_path <path to your best checkpoint,>

You can tune some of the line detection parameters in config/export_line_features.yaml, in particular the 'detect_thresh' and 'inlier_thresh' to adapt them to your trained model and type of images. As the line detection can be sensitive to the image resolution, we recommend using it with images in the range 300~800 px per side.


Comparison of repeatability and localization error to the state of the art on the Wireframe dataset for an error threshold of 5 pixels in structural and orthogonal distances:

Structural distance Orthogonal distance
Rep-5 Loc-5 Rep-5 Loc-5
LCNN 0.434 2.589 0.570 1.725
HAWP 0.451 2.625 0.537 1.725
DeepHough 0.419 2.576 0.618 1.720
TP-LSD TP512 0.563 2.467 0.746 1.450
LSD 0.358 2.079 0.707 0.825
Ours with NMS 0.557 1.995 0.801 1.119
Ours 0.616 2.019 0.914 0.816

Matching precision-recall curves on the Wireframe and ETH3D datasets: pred_lines_pr_curve


If you use this code in your project, please consider citing the following paper:

    author = {Pautrat, Rémi* and Juan-Ting, Lin* and Larsson, Viktor and Oswald, Martin R. and Pollefeys, Marc},
    title = {SOLD²: Self-supervised Occlusion-aware Line Description and Detection},
    booktitle = {Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
    year = {2021},


Joint deep network for feature line detection and description




No releases published


No packages published