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Cypress Visual Regression


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Module for adding visual regression testing to Cypress.


npm install cypress-visual-regression



Configure the visual regression plugin and environment variables in your cypress.config.js file like:

const { defineConfig } = require('cypress')
const { configureVisualRegression } = require('cypress-visual-regression')

module.exports = defineConfig({
  e2e: {
    env: {
      visualRegressionType: 'regression'
    screenshotsFolder: './cypress/snapshots/actual',
    setupNodeEvents(on, config) {

Pay attention to the type option. Use 'base' to generate baseline images, and 'regression' to compare current screenshot to the base screenshot

In your support file cypress/support/e2e.js add the following:

const { addCompareSnapshotCommand } = require('cypress-visual-regression/dist/command')


If you're using TypeScript, use files with a .ts extension, as follows:


import { defineConfig } from 'cypress'
import { configureVisualRegression } from 'cypress-visual-regression'

export default defineConfig({
  e2e: {
    env: {
      visualRegressionType: 'regression'
    screenshotsFolder: './cypress/snapshots/actual',
    setupNodeEvents(on, config) {


import { addCompareSnapshotCommand } from 'cypress-visual-regression/dist/command'


  "ts-node": {
    "transpileOnly": true,
    "compilerOptions": {
      "module": "ES2015"

For more info on how to use TypeScript with Cypress, please refer to this document.

Plugin options

All options can be configured within visualRegression namespace under env variable inside cypress.config.js file, like this:

e2e: {
  screenshotsFolder: './cypress/snapshots/actual',
  env: {
    visualRegressionType: 'regression',
    visualRegressionBaseDirectory: 'cypress/snapshot/base',
    visualRegressionDiffDirectory: 'cypress/snapshot/diff',
    visualRegressionGenerateDiff: 'always',
    visualRegressionFailSilently: true
Variable Default Description
visualRegressionType / Either 'regression' or 'base'. Base will override any existing base images with new screenshots. Regression will compare the base to the current screenshot.
visualRegressionBaseDirectory 'cypress/snapshot/base' Path to the directory where the base snapshots will be stored.
visualRegressionDiffDirectory 'cypress/snapshot/diff' Path to the directory where the generated image differences will be stored.
visualRegressionGenerateDiff 'fail' Either 'fail', 'never' or 'always'. Determines if and when image differences are generated.
visualRegressionFailSilently false Used to decide if any error found in regression should be thrown or returned as part of the result.

You can also pass default cypress screenshot arguments to addCompareSnapshotCommand(), like this:

const { addCompareSnapshotCommand } = require('cypress-visual-regression/dist/command')
  capture: 'fullPage'

How To Use

> syntax

cy.compareSnapshot(name, errorThreshold)
cy.compareSnapshot(name, options)

> arguments

Arguments Default Description
name / Represents the name of the base snapshot file that the actual screenshot will be compared with.
errorThreshold 0 Threshold under which any image difference will be considered as failed test. Represented in percentages.
options {} Used to provide additional cypress screenshot options as well as failSilently and errorThreshold values.

> examples

cy.compareSnapshot('homePage') // will compare actual screenshot to current and fail if there's any difference in the images

cy.get('h1').compareSnapshot('homePage', 0.2) // will compare only the image of h1 element and fail only if the percentage of pixels that are different is bigger than 0.2%

cy.compareSnapshot('homePage', {errorThreshold: 1, failSilently: true}).then(comparisonResults => {
  console.log(comparisonResults.mismatchedPixels) // will print the number of mismatched pixels
  console.log(comparisonResults.percentage) // will print the percentage of mismatched pixels
  console.log(comparisonResults.error) // will print the visual regression error message (if any)

Looking for more examples? See cypress/e2e/



Tips & Tricks

Ignore some elements

Following function creates a command that allows you to hide elements of the page based on their className:

 * To be called after you setup the command, in order to add a
 * hook that does stuff before the command is triggered
export function beforeCompareSnapshots(
  /** Element you want to ignore */
  ignoredElementsQuerySelector: string,
  /** Main app element (if you want for the page to be loaded before triggering the command) */
  appContentQuerySelector: string = 'body'
) {
  Cypress.Commands.overwrite('compareSnapshots', (originalFn, ...args) => {
    return (
        // wait for content to be ready
        // hide ignored elements
        .then(($app) => {
          return new Cypress.Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => {
              $app.find(ignoredElementsQuerySelector).css('visibility', 'hidden')
              // add a very small delay to wait for the elements to be there, but you should
              // make sure your test already handles this
            }, 300)
        .then(() => {
          return originalFn(...args)

You may then use this function like:

const { addCompareSnapshotCommand } = require('cypress-visual-regression/dist/command')
const beforeCompareSnapshots = require('./commands/beforeCompareSnapshots')
  errorThreshold: 0.1
// add a before hook to compareSnapshot (this must be called AFTER compareSnapshotCommand() so the command can be overriden)
beforeCompareSnapshots(".chromatic-ignore,[data-chromatic='ignore']", '._app-content')

In this example, we ignore the elements that are also ignored by 3rd party tool Chromatic.


set process env visual_regression_log to debug to enable logging:

visual_regression_log=debug cypress open --e2e -b chrome -C cypress.base.config.ts