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Efficient local storage module for Angular apps and PWA: simple API + performance + Observables + validation
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Async local storage for Angular

Efficient client-side storage module for Angular apps and Progressive Wep Apps (PWA):

  • simplicity: based on native localStorage API,
  • perfomance: internally stored via the asynchronous indexedDB API,
  • Angular-like: wrapped in RxJS Observables,
  • security: validate data with a JSON Schema,
  • compatibility: works around some browsers issues,
  • documentation: API fully explained, and a changelog!
  • reference: 1st Angular library for client-side storage according to ngx.tools.

By the same author

Why this module?

For now, Angular does not provide a client-side storage module, and almost every app needs some client-side storage. There are 2 native JavaScript APIs available:

The localStorage API is simple to use but synchronous, so if you use it too often, your app will soon begin to freeze.

The indexedDB API is asynchronous and efficient, but it's a mess to use: you'll soon be caught by the callback hell, as it does not support Promises yet.

Mozilla has done a very great job with the localForage library: a simple API based on native localStorage, but internally stored via the asynchronous indexedDB for performance. But it's built in ES5 old school way and then it's a mess to include into Angular.

This module is based on the same idea as localForage, but built in ES6+ and additionally wrapped into RxJS Observables to be homogeneous with other Angular modules.

Getting started

Install the right version according to your Angular one via npm:

# For Angular 8:
npm install @ngx-pwa/local-storage

# For Angular 6 & 7:
npm install @ngx-pwa/local-storage@6

The following second setup step is:

  • only for version >= 8,
  • not required for the lib to work,
  • strongly recommended for all new applications, as it allows interoperability and is future-proof, as it should become the default in a future version,
  • prohibited in applications already using this lib and already deployed in production, as it would break with previously stored data.
import { StorageModule } from '@ngx-pwa/local-storage';

@NgModule({
  imports: [
    StorageModule.forRoot({
      IDBNoWrap: true,
    })
  ]
})
export class AppModule {}

Must be done at initialization, ie. in AppModule, and must not be loaded again in another module.

Upgrading

If you still use the old angular-async-local-storage package, or to update to new versions, see the migration guides.

Versions 4 & 5, which are not supported anymore, needed an additional setup step explained in the old module guide.

API

2 services are available for client-side storage, you just have to inject one of them were you need it.

LocalStorage

import { LocalStorage } from '@ngx-pwa/local-storage';

@Injectable()
export class YourService {

  constructor(private localStorage: LocalStorage) {}

}

This service API follows the native localStorage API, except it's asynchronous via RxJS Observables:

class LocalStorage {
  length: Observable<number>;
  getItem(index: string, schema?: JSONSchema): Observable<unknown> {}
  setItem(index: string, value: any): Observable<true> {}
  removeItem(index: string): Observable<true> {}
  clear(): Observable<true> {}
}

StorageMap

import { StorageMap } from '@ngx-pwa/local-storage';

@Injectable()
export class YourService {

  constructor(private storageMap: StorageMap) {}

}

New since version 8 of this lib, this service API follows the native Map API and the new upcoming standard kv-storage API, except it's asynchronous via RxJS Observables.

It does the same thing as the LocalStorage service, but also allows more advanced operations. If you are familiar to Map, we recommend to use only this service.

class StorageMap {
  size: Observable<number>;
  get(index: string, schema?: JSONSchema): Observable<unknown> {}
  set(index: string, value: any): Observable<undefined> {}
  delete(index: string): Observable<undefined> {}
  clear(): Observable<undefined> {}
  has(index: string): Observable<boolean> {}
  keys(): Observable<string> {}
}

How to

The following examples will show the 2 services for basic operations, then stick to the StorageMap API. But except for methods which are specific to StorageMap, you can always do the same with the LocalStorage API.

Writing data

let user: User = { firstName: 'Henri', lastName: 'Bergson' };

this.storageMap.set('user', user).subscribe(() => {});
// or
this.localStorage.setItem('user', user).subscribe(() => {});

You can store any value, without worrying about serializing. But note that:

  • storing null or undefined makes no sense and can cause issues in some browsers, so the item will be removed instead,
  • you should stick to JSON data, ie. primitive types, arrays and literal objects. Date, Map, Set, Blob and other special structures can cause issues in some scenarios. See the serialization guide for more details.

Deleting data

To delete one item:

this.storageMap.delete('user').subscribe(() => {});
// or
this.localStorage.removeItem('user').subscribe(() => {});

To delete all items:

this.storageMap.clear().subscribe(() => {});
// or
this.localStorage.clear().subscribe(() => {});

Reading data

this.storageMap.get('user').subscribe((user) => {
  console.log(user);
});
// or
this.localStorage.getItem('user').subscribe((user) => {
  console.log(user);
});

Not finding an item is not an error, it succeeds but returns:

  • undefined with StorageMap
this.storageMap.get('notexisting').subscribe((data) => {
  data; // undefined
});
  • null with LocalStorage
this.localStorage.getItem('notexisting').subscribe((data) => {
  data; // null
});

Note you'll only get one value: the Observable is here for asynchrony but is not meant to emit again when the stored data is changed. And it's normal: if app data change, it's the role of your app to keep track of it, not of this lib. See #16 for more context and #4 for an example. A watch() method may come soon (see #108)

Checking data

Don't forget it's client-side storage: always check the data, as it could have been forged.

You can use a JSON Schema to validate the data.

this.storageMap.get('test', { type: 'string' }).subscribe({
  next: (user) => { /* Called if data is valid or `undefined` or `null` */ },
  error: (error) => { /* Called if data is invalid */ },
});

See the full validation guide to see how to validate all common scenarios.

Subscription

You DO NOT need to unsubscribe: the Observable autocompletes (like in the Angular HttpClient service).

But you DO need to subscribe, even if you don't have something specific to do after writing in storage (because it's how RxJS Observables work).

Errors

As usual, it's better to catch any potential error:

this.storageMap.set('color', 'red').subscribe({
  next: () => {},
  error: (error) => {},
});

For read operations, you can also manage errors by providing a default value:

import { of } from 'rxjs';
import { catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';

this.storageMap.get('color').pipe(
  catchError(() => of('red')),
).subscribe((result) => {});

See the errors guide for some details about what errors can happen.

Map-like operations

Starting with version >= 8 of this lib, in addition to the classic localStorage-like API, this lib also provides a Map-like API for advanced operations:

  • .keys()
  • .has(key)
  • .size

See the documentation for more info and some recipes. For example, it allows to implement a multiple databases scenario.

Support

Angular support

We follow Angular LTS support, meaning we support Angular >= 6, until November 2019.

This module supports AoT pre-compiling and Ivy.

This module supports Universal server-side rendering via a mock storage.

Browser support

All browsers supporting IndexedDB, ie. all current browsers : Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari, Edge, and IE10+.

See the browsers support guide for more details and special cases (like private browsing).

Collision

If you have multiple apps on the same subdomain and you don't want to share data between them, see the prefix guide.

Interoperability

For interoperability when mixing this lib with direct usage of native APIs or other libs like localForage (which doesn't make sense in most cases), see the interoperability documentation.

Changelog

Changelog available here, and migration guides here.

License

MIT

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