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README.md

ArduinoCrashMonitor :: A crash monitor library that stores crash reports to EEPROM.

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Description

This library takes advantage of the Arduino's watchdog capability to trigger an interrupt in the event that the Arduino sketch (firmware) becomes unresponsive due to a crash (divide by zero, Ethernet shield fails to initialize, etc). The general idea behind this is: during each iteration of loop(), CrashMonitor's iAmAlive() method should be called to signal to CrashMonitor that the sketch is still running. If CrashMonitor does not receive the iAmAlive() signal before the end of the timeout, then an interrupt is triggered. The interrupt will call a routine that will generate a small report that contains the address of the last instruction the Arduino attempt to execute (and optionally some user data) and write the report to EEPROM. You can also have the interrupt call a user-specified callback. Once the report is written to EEPROM, the MCU will be restarted or will hang indefinitely until manually reset. You can then use the dump() method to load the crash reports and dump them to a Serial port.

Crash Analysis

Having the address at which the crash occurred isn't very useful, unless you know where in the code that address matches up to. To find out what line in your sketch is the culprit, you will need to disassemble the ELF your sketch gets compiled into. To do this, you will need to use the disassembler that comes with your Arduino software installation. You can find the disassembler in one of these locations:

Windows: %programfiles(x86)%\Arduino\hardware\tools\avr\bin

MacOS X: ~/.platformio/penv/bin (for PlatformIO) or /Applications/Arduino.app/Contents/Java/hardware/tools/avr/bin (for ArduinoIDE)

Linux: -- Typically already included in PATH. But otherwise same as macOS.

And now the command:

$ avr-objdump -d -S -j .text CrashMonitorBasicExample.elf > disassembly.txt

The above command will take the compiled ELF file for the basic example sketch and dump it out to a text file called 'disassembly.txt'. This will only work if you've ran a build on the sketch first. Make sure you provide the correct path to the ELF. Each crash report will be a line like this:

0: word-address=0x3AE: byte-address=0x75C, data=0x0

What we are interested in is the byte-address without the '0x' prefix. So using the example above, you would search the 'disassembly.txt' file for '75C', which will take you to the line where the crash occurred. NOTE: The disassembly text contains the C/C++ code with the Assembly code interleaved.

How to use

Copy the entire folder containing this library to the "libraries" folder of your Arduino installation. Then include CrashMonitor.h in your sketch. See example below:

#include <Arduino.h>
#include "CrashMonitor.h"

using namespace Watchdog;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    delay(10);
  }

  CrashMonitor::begin();

  // Dump any crash reports to the serial port.
  CrashMonitor::dump(Serial);
  if (CrashMonitor::isFull()) {
    // We've stored as many crash reports as we can. Clear out the old ones so
    // we can have room for new ones.
    Serial.println(F("CrashMonitor report storage full."));
    Serial.println(F("Clearing crash reports from EEPROM ..."));
    CrashMonitor::clear();
  }

  // Enable the watchdog timer with a timeout of 2 seconds.
  CrashMonitor::enableWatchdog(Watchdog::CrashMonitor::Timeout_2s);
}

void loop() {
  // Let the watchdog know that we are still ok.
  CrashMonitor::iAmAlive();
}

How to install

For PlatformIO:

$ pio lib install ArduinoCrashMonitor

For Arduino IDE: See https://www.arduino.cc/en/Guide/Libraries

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Event-driven crash monitor service for Arduino/Genuino.

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