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Front end components for consuming manifests produced by grunt-dactylographsy.

The Idea & Concepts

Complex web applications usually consist of various assets being served from one or multiple hosts. This slows down the user experience while normal browser caching usually is not able to tackle all the resulting load retardations.

Imagine JavaScript und CSS files being cached in the client via localstorage by their fingerprints making the application load instantly while new versions are automatically swapped (cache invalidation) in the background during runtime of the application is running - resulting in an updated application after a refresh.

With dactylographsy every unit of an application can create a custom manifest listing all assets it consists of. These assets will be injected into the page while their contents will be cached when they are once loaded. After the cache is filled it serves all files on any subsequent page load to speed up the initial load time. As mentioned, the caches might be invalidated at runtime by making a comparison between old and eventually new manifest(s).

Architecture Overview

A running example can be found here.

Getting Started

This plugin requires Grunt ~0.4.2

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

Install via bower

bower dactylographsy --save

The client-side application

Embedding as <script />-tag

  data-config='{"order":["vertical-1", "vertical-2"], "ttl": 1, "appPrefix": "example", "refreshDelay": 1000, "enableLogging": true}'
  data-manifests='["vertical-1/dactylographsy.json", "vertical-2/dactylographsy.json"]'>

More examples can be found in /examples.


// Manifests in order of which their assets will be injected
order: []
// Time to live when exceeded causes whole cache (local storage) to be flushed
ttl: null
// Prefix for the application prepended to all assets' paths
appPrefix: null
// Delay in ms when exceeded performs reqeusts to check if assets are outdated
refreshDelay: null
// Delay in ms when exceeded performing caching requests to assets as XHRs
cacheDelay: null
// Boolean indicating if manifests shall be cached - if false app always resolves to
// current version but slows down launch
cachedManifests: true
// Enable logging as opt-in giving output of what dactylographsy is doing
enableLogging: false
// Only fetches all manifests and dependencies and cache
cacheOnly: false
// Verifies bundles with `djb2` hashes
verification: false
// Enable caching of all assets in localStorage (default: true)
cacheInLocalStorage: false

Developing & Contributing

Install npm dependencies

npm install

Developing on the task alone is fairly easy just git clone then cd browser-dactylographsy. Now just work the src/**.js run tests with grunt karma:local and check results - feel free to submit a pull-request!

Release History

  • 1.13.0/1.0.0 Initial release after migrating sources from grunt-dactylographsy
  • 1.0.1 Fix typo in when logging
  • 1.0.2 Update major set of dependencies among them babel@6.0.x
  • 1.0.3 Reduce amount of polyfills to just es6-promises
  • 1.0.4 Update dependencies touching dist assets (minor version bump babel)
  • 1.0.5 Sole rebuilt caused by dependency update
  • 1.1.0 Add //# sourceURL=... to inline JS scripts (visibility in Dev Tools)
  • 1.1.1 Minor update to babel and its ecosystem
  • 1.2.0 Add feature of disabling dactylographsy with url-param (overwrites ttl-config) ?dactylographsy-ttl=0
  • 1.3.0 Add support for enabling logging per url-param (overwrites enableLogging) ?dactylographsy-enableLogging=true
  • 1.3.1 Fix build issue (some mangling issue)
  • 1.4.0 Add cacheOnly-option to only prefetch app and rename cacheManifests to cachedManifests
  • 1.5.0 Add verification-option to use sha256 verification of cached bundles
    • Bundles in localStorage can be tampered with hence this forces manifests to never be cached and bundles with invalid contents are refetched
  • 1.5.1 Update peer dependencies to work with current grunt-o-mania
  • 1.5.2 Add escaping of URL parameters (debug etc) to shield from XSS
  • 1.5.3, 1.5.4, 1.5.5
    • Update dependencies triggering different build output
  • 1.6.0 Replace sha256 hashing with faster and simpler string hashing (slow browsers)
  • 1.7.0 Add option to disable caching in localStorage (uses dactylographsy only for cache busting but relies on browser cache and correctly set headers to get the benefits of caching)
  • 2.0.0 Drop support for node <= 0.12
  • 2.0.1 Fix loading unprinted assets in case of failing to load printed version
  • 2.0.2 Rebuild dist with new dependencies


  • BrowerStack for supporting this project with their awesome services for free!
  • great people around me supporting me with ideas and feedback!


Microservices in the frontend with BFFs providing their own bundles and API.







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