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CouchDB River Plugin for ElasticSearch

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CouchDB River Plugin for ElasticSearch

The CouchDB River plugin allows to hook into couchdb _changes feed and automatically index it into elasticsearch.

In order to install the plugin, simply run: bin/plugin -install elasticsearch/elasticsearch-river-couchdb/1.1.0.

| CouchDB Plugin | ElasticSearch    |
| master         | 0.21 -> master   |
| 1.1.0          | 0.19 -> 0.20     |
| 1.0.0          | 0.18             |

The CouchDB River allows to automatically index couchdb and make it searchable using the excellent _changes stream couchdb provides. Setting it up is as simple as executing the following against elasticsearch:

curl -XPUT 'localhost:9200/_river/my_db/_meta' -d '{
    "type" : "couchdb",
    "couchdb" : {
        "host" : "localhost",
        "port" : 5984,
        "db" : "my_db",
        "filter" : null
    "index" : {
        "index" : "my_db",
        "type" : "my_db",
        "bulk_size" : "100",
        "bulk_timeout" : "10ms"

This call will create a river that uses the _changes stream to index all data within couchdb. Moreover, any "future" changes will automatically be indexed as well, making your search index and couchdb synchronized at all times.

The couchdb river is provided as a plugin (including explanation on how to install it).

On top of that, in case of a failover, the couchdb river will automatically be started on another elasticsearch node, and continue indexing from the last indexed seq.


Bulking is automatically done in order to speed up the indexing process. If within the specified bulk_timeout more changes are detected, changes will be bulked up to bulk_size before they are indexed.


The changes stream allows to provide a filter with parameters that will be used by couchdb to filter the stream of changes. Here is how it can be configured:

    "couchdb" : {
        "filter" : "test",
        "filter_params" : {
            "param1" : "value1",
            "param2" : "value2"

Script Filters

Filtering can also be performed by providing a script (default to JavaScript) that will further process each changed item within the changes stream. The json provided to the script is under a var called ctx with the relevant seq stream change (for example, ctx.doc will refer to the document, or ctx.deleted is the flag if its deleted or not).

Note, this feature requires the lang-javascript plugin.

Any other script language supported by ElasticSearch may be used by setting the scriptType parameter to the appropriate value. If unspecified, the default is "js" (javascript). See for details.

The ctx.doc can be changed and its value can will be indexed (assuming its not a deleted change). Also, if ctx.ignore is set to true, the change seq will be ignore and not applied.

Other possible values that can be set are ctx.index to control the index name to index the doc into, ctx.type to control the (mapping) type to index into, ctx._parent and ctx._routing.

Here is an example setting that adds field1 with value value1 to all docs:

    "type" : "couchdb",
    "couchdb" : {
        "script" : "ctx.doc.field1 = 'value1'"

Basic Authentication

Basic Authentication can be used by passing the user and password attributes.

    "type" : "couchdb",
    "couchdb" : {
        "user" : "alice",
        "password" : "secret"


To use HTTPS, pass the protocol field. Most likely, you will also have to change the port. If you have unfixable problems with the servers certificates for any reason, you can disable hostname verification by passing no_verify.

    "type" : "couchdb",
    "couchdb" : {
        "protocol" : "https",
        "port" : 443,
        "no_verify" : "true"

Ignoring Attachments

You can ignore attachments as provided by couchDb for each document (_attachments field).

Here is an example setting that disable attachments for all docs:

  "couchdb": {

Note, by default, attachments are not ignored (false)


This software is licensed under the Apache 2 license, quoted below.

Copyright 2009-2012 Shay Banon and ElasticSearch <>

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not
use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of
the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under
the License.
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