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import inspect
from contextlib import contextmanager
from . import statistics
class Loader(object):
"""Run tests with Attest via distribute.
.. deprecated:: 0.5
:meth:`~attest.reporters.AbstractReporter.test_loader` is preferred.
"""
def loadTestsFromNames(self, names, module=None):
mod, collection = names[0].rsplit('.', 1)
mod = __import__(mod, fromlist=[collection])
collection = getattr(mod, collection)
collection.run()
raise SystemExit
def assert_(expr, msg=None):
"""Like :keyword:`assert`, but counts the assertion.
.. deprecated:: 0.5 :func:`~attest.eval.assert_hook` is preferred.
"""
statistics.assertions += 1
if not expr:
if msg is None:
raise AssertionError
raise AssertionError(msg)
return expr
class Assert(object):
"""Wrap an object such that boolean operations on it fails with an
:exc:`AssertionError` if the operation results in :const:`False`,
with more helpful error messages on failure than :keyword:`assert`.
A test failure is simply an unhandled exception, so it is completely
optional to use this class.
Examples::
Assert(1 + 1) == 2
2 in Assert([1, 2, 3])
Attributes are proxied to the wrapped object, returning the result
wrapped as well::
hello = Assert('hello')
hello == 'hello'
hello.upper() == 'HELLO'
hello.capitalize() == 'Hello'
Used in boolean context, fails if non-true. These all fail::
bool(Assert(0))
if Assert(0): pass
assert Assert(0)
Identical to, except for the more helpful failure message::
Assert(bool(0)) == True
If you pass more than one argument, the first is assumed to be a
predicate callable to which the rest of the arguments are passed. These
are identical::
Assert.isinstance(0, int)
Assert(isinstance, 0, int)
.. deprecated:: 0.5 :func:`~attest.eval.assert_hook` is preferred.
"""
#: The wrapped object
obj = None
def __init__(self, *args):
if len(args) == 1:
obj = args[0]
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
self.obj = obj.obj
else:
self.obj = obj
elif len(args) > 1:
args = list(args)
predicate = args.pop(0)
name = predicate.__name__
arglist = ', '.join(map(_repr, args))
self.obj = assert_(predicate(*args),
'not %s(%s)' % (name, arglist))
@property
def __class__(self):
return Assert(self.obj.__class__)
def __str__(self):
"""Wrapped proxy to the wrapped object's *__str__*, can be used for
testing the string adaption of the object::
Assert(1).__str__() == '1'
.. warning:: :func:`str` on :class:`Assert` objects does not work.
"""
return Assert(self.obj.__str__())
def __getattr__(self, name):
"""Proxy all attributes to the wrapped object, wrapping the
result.
"""
return Assert(getattr(self.obj, name))
def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
"""Allow calling of wrapped callables, wrapping the return value.
Useful for testing methods on a wrapped object via attribute
proxying::
Assert('Hello').upper() == 'HELLO'
"""
return Assert(self.obj(*args, **kwargs))
def __getitem__(self, key):
"""Access an item on the wrapped object and return the result
wrapped as well.
::
Assert([1, 2, 3])[1] == 2
"""
return Assert(self.obj[key])
def __eq__(self, obj):
"""Test for equality with ``==``."""
return assert_(self.obj == obj, '%r != %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __ne__(self, obj):
"""Test for inequality with ``!=``."""
return assert_(self.obj != obj, '%r == %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def is_(self, obj):
"""The :keyword:`is` operator is not overridable, for good reasons
(that would defeat its purpose), so you can use this method for
asserting identity::
Assert(True).is_(True)
.. versionchanged:: 0.3
Checks the wrapped object for :class:`Assert` instances.
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(self.obj is obj, '%r is not %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def is_not(self, obj):
"""The negated form of :meth:`is_`, corresponding to the ``is not``
operation::
Assert([]).is_not([])
.. versionchanged:: 0.3
Checks the wrapped object for :class:`Assert` instances.
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(self.obj is not obj, '%r is %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __contains__(self, obj):
"""Test for membership with :keyword:`in`."""
return assert_(obj in self.obj, '%r not in %r' % (obj, self.obj))
def in_(self, obj):
"""Assert membership. While you can use the :keyword:`in` operator,
its order is inconsistent with the rest of the operators and doesn't
work with the ``not in`` operation.
::
2 in Assert([1, 2, 3])
Assert(2).in_([1, 2, 3])
"""
return assert_(self.obj in obj, '%r not in %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def not_in(self, obj):
"""The negated form of :meth:`in_`, corresponding to the ``not in``
operation::
Assert(0).not_in([1, 2, 3])
"""
return assert_(self.obj not in obj, '%r in %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __lt__(self, obj):
"""Test for lesserness with ``<``."""
return assert_(self.obj < obj, '%r >= %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __le__(self, obj):
"""Test for lesserness or equality with ``<=``."""
return assert_(self.obj <= obj, '%r > %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __gt__(self, obj):
"""Test for greaterness with ``>``."""
return assert_(self.obj > obj, '%r <= %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __ge__(self, obj):
"""Test for greaterness or equality with ``>=``."""
return assert_(self.obj >= obj, '%r < %r' % (self.obj, obj))
def __nonzero__(self):
"""Test for truthiness in boolean context."""
return bool(assert_(self.obj, 'not %r' % self.obj))
@staticmethod
@contextmanager
def raises(*exceptions):
"""Context manager that fails if *none* of the `exceptions` are
raised. Yields the captured exception as an :term:`assertive
object`.
::
with Assert.raises(IOError) as error:
open('/etc/passwd', 'w')
error.errno == 13
:param exceptions: Expected exception classes.
"""
statistics.assertions += 1
proxy = Assert()
try:
yield proxy
except exceptions, error:
proxy.obj = error
else:
if len(exceptions) > 1:
errors = '(' + ', '.join(e.__name__ for e in exceptions) + ')'
else:
errors = exceptions[0].__name__
raise AssertionError("didn't raise %s" % errors)
@staticmethod
@contextmanager
def not_raising(exception):
"""Context manager that fails if a particular exception is raised.
A raised exception consitutes a failure anyway and this is mainly
used for testing Attest itself.
::
with Assert.not_raising(IOError):
open('/etc/passwd', 'r')
:param exception: An exception class.
"""
statistics.assertions += 1
try:
yield
except exception:
raise AssertionError('raised %s' % exception.__name__)
@staticmethod
def isinstance(obj, classinfo):
"""Test that an object is an instance of a class or a :func:`tuple`
of classes. Corresponds to :func:`.isinstance`.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(isinstance(obj, classinfo),
'not isinstance(%r, %s)' % (obj, _repr(classinfo)))
@staticmethod
def not_isinstance(obj, classinfo):
"""Negated version of :meth:`isinstance`.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(not isinstance(obj, classinfo),
'isinstance(%r, %s)' % (obj, _repr(classinfo)))
@staticmethod
def issubclass(obj, cls):
"""Test that `obj` is a subclass of `cls` or a subclass of a class
inside `cls`. Corresponds to :func:`.issubclass`.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(issubclass(obj, cls),
'not issubclass(%s, %s)' % (_repr(obj), _repr(cls)))
@staticmethod
def not_issubclass(obj, cls):
"""Negated version of :meth:`issubclass`.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
if isinstance(obj, Assert):
obj = obj.obj
return assert_(not issubclass(obj, cls),
'issubclass(%s, %s)' % (_repr(obj), _repr(cls)))
@property
def json(self):
"""Parse the wrapped object as JSON. Requires Python 2.6 or the
simplejson package.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
try:
import simplejson as json
except ImportError:
import json
return Assert(json.loads(self.obj))
def css(self, selector):
"""Parse the wrapped object as :abbr:`HTML
(HyperText Markup Language)` and return an :term:`assertive
<assertive object>` list of elements matching the :abbr:`CSS
(Cascading Style Sheets)` `selector`. Requires lxml 2.0 or newer.
.. note::
Not tested on Python 2.5 and PyPy due to difficulties
installing lxml for these implementations.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
from lxml import html
return Assert(html.fromstring(self.obj).cssselect(selector))
def xpath(self, path):
"""Parse the wrapped object as :abbr:`XML
(eXtensible Markup Language)` and return an :term:`assertive
<assertive object>` list of elements matching the :abbr:`XPath
(XML Path Language)` *path*. Requires lxml 2.0 or newer.
.. note::
Not tested on Python 2.5 and PyPy due to difficulties
installing lxml for these implementations.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
from lxml import etree
return Assert(etree.fromstring(self.obj).xpath(path))
def passed_to(self, func, *args, **kwargs):
"""Pass the unwrapped object to a function and return its result
as an :term:`assertive object`.
These are identical::
Assert(len([1, 2, 3])) == 3
Assert([1, 2, 3]).passed_to(len) == 3
Mainly useful with Assert objects that comes from the outside, e.g.
yielded from a context, from methods like :meth:`css` etc.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
return Assert(func(self.obj, *args, **kwargs))
def attr(self, name):
"""Safely get an attribute from the wrapped object.
.. versionadded:: 0.4
"""
return Assert(getattr(self.obj, name))
def __repr__(self):
"""Not proxied to the wrapped object. To test that do something
like::
Assert(repr(obj)) == 'expectation'
"""
return 'Assert(%r)' % self.obj
def _repr(obj):
"""Internal :func:`repr` that tries to be more close to original
code.
"""
if inspect.isclass(obj):
return obj.__name__
elif type(obj) is tuple:
return '(%s)' % ', '.join(map(_repr, obj))
return repr(obj)
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