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Connect Web APIs to MongoDB

In this chapter, we will connect the RESTful API application to local MongoDB, but you can connect to any other database services. Please read :ref:`setting-up-project` to install the MongoDB to your machine.

All that you need to do is to import mongoose package, and declare URL for your MongoDB in the app.ts file. After that you will connect your app with your database through mongoose.

// lib/app.ts

import * as mongoose from "mongoose";

class App {

    ...
    public mongoUrl: string = 'mongodb://localhost/CRMdb';

    constructor() {
        ...
        this.mongoSetup();
    }

    private mongoSetup(): void{
        mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;
        mongoose.connect(this.mongoUrl);
    }

}

export default new App().app;

After this, your application is ready to launch (npm run dev)

images/run-dev-server.png

You can test your first route (GET /) through web browser (http://127.0.0.1:3000)

images/get-root-request.png

Remember that all the routes that we set is in lib/routes/crmRoutes.ts file.

Now, we will test the Create-Read-Update-Delete feature though Postman.

1. Create your first contact

I will send a POST request to http://127.0.0.1:3000/contact with the information of a contact in the body.

Remember to set the content-type in Headers

Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

images/create-first-contact.png

After sending, the server return the status 200 with contact information in the database.

2. Get all contacts

To get all contacts, we just need to send a GET request to http://127.0.0.1:3000/contact. You will get an Array of all the contacts in the databse. Now there is only one contact that I just created.

images/get-all-contacts.png

3. Get contact by Id

If we want to get a single contact by Id, we will send a GET request to http://127.0.0.1:3000/contact/:contactId. It will return an Object of your contact. Remember that the ID that we passed to the URL is the _id of the contact.

images/get-contact-by-id.png

4. Update an existing contact

In case we want to update an existing contact, we will send a PUT request to the http://127.0.0.1:3000/contact/:contactId together with the detail. For example, I will update the phone number of the contact with _id: 5b03015e3c4b1a1164212ff4

images/update-existing-contact.png

5. Delete a contact

To delete a contact, we will send a DELETE request to http://127.0.0.1:3000/contact/:contactId. It will return a message saying that “Successfully deleted contact!”

images/delete-a-contact.png

After this, now we have a fully working RESTful Web APIs application with TypeScript and Nodejs.

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