Data description and validation
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Data::Domain - Data description and validation


A data domain is a description of a set of values, either scalar or
structured (arrays or hashes).  The description can include many
constraints, like minimal or maximal values, regular expressions,
required fields, forbidden fields, and also contextual
dependencies. From that description, one can then invoke the domain's
C<inspect> method to check if a given value belongs to the domain or
not. In case of mismatch, a structured set of error messages is
returned, giving detailed explanations about what was wrong.

The motivation for writing this package was to be able to express in a
compact way some possibly complex constraints about structured
data. Typically the data is a Perl tree (nested hashrefs or arrayrefs)
that may come from XML, L<JSON|JSON>, from a database through
L<DBIx::DataModel|DBIx::DataModel>, or from postprocessing an HTML
form through L<CGI::Expand|CGI::Expand>. C<Data::Domain> is a kind of
tree parser on that structure, with some facilities for dealing with
dependencies within the structure, and with several options to
finely tune the error messages returned to the user.

The main usage for C<Data::Domain> is to check input from forms in
interactive applications : the structured error messages make it easy
to display a form again, highlighting which fields were rejected and
why. Another usage is for writing automatic tests, with the help of
the companion module L<Test::InDomain>.


Copyright 2006, 2007, 2012 by Laurent Dami.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.