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Robust RSS, Atom, and RDF feed parsing in Node.js
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README.md

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Feedparser - Robust RSS, Atom, and RDF feed parsing in Node.js

This module adds methods for RSS, Atom, and RDF feed parsing in node.js using Isaac Schlueter's sax parser.

Feedparser has a couple features you don't usually see:

  1. It resolves relative URLs (such as those seen in Tim Bray's "ongoing" feed).
  2. It properly handles XML namespaces (including those in sadistic feeds that define a non-default namespace for the main feed elements).

Requirements

Installation

npm install feedparser

Changes since v0.13.x

  • The ability to handle .pipe() is back. The libxml-like helper methods will probably be going away in the next minor (or major) version release -- as soon as I'm sure the stream API is stable and compatible with Node v0.10.x.

Usage

The easiest way to use feedparser is to just give it a readable stream.

var FeedParser = require('feedparser')
  , request = require('request');

request('http://somefeedurl.xml')
  .pipe(new FeedParser([options]))
  .on('error', function(error) {
    // always handle errors
  })
  .on('meta', function (meta) {
    // do something
  })
  .on('article', function (article) {
    // do something else
  })
  .on('end', function () {
   // do the next thing
  });

options

  • normalize - Set to false to override Feedparser's default behavior, which is to parse feeds into an object that contains the generic properties patterned after (although not identical to) the RSS 2.0 format, regardless of the feed's format.

  • addmeta - Set to false to override Feedparser's default behavior, which is to add the feed's meta information to each article.

  • feedurl - The url (string) of the feed. FeedParser is very good at resolving relative urls in feeds. But some feeds use relative urls without declaring the xml:base attribute any place in the feed. This is perfectly valid, but we don't know know the feed's url before we start parsing the feed and trying to resolve those relative urls. If we discover the feed's url, we will go back and resolve the relative urls we've already seen, but this takes a little time (not much). If you want to be sure we never have to re-resolve relative urls (or if FeedParser is failing to properly resolve relative urls), you should set the feedurl option. Otherwise, feel free to ignore this option.

libxml-like Helper Methods (deprecated)

parser.parseString(string, [options], [callback])

  • string - the contents of the feed

parser.parseFile(filename, [options], [callback])

  • filename - a local filename or remote url

parser.parseUrl(url, [options], [callback])

The first argument can be either a url or a request options object. The only required option is uri, all others are optional. See request for details about what that request options object might look like.

  • url - fully qualified uri or a parsed url object from url.parse()

parser.parseStream(readableStream, [options], [callback])

Examples

See the examples directory.

API

Events Emitted

  • error - called with error whenever there is a an error of any kind (SAXError, Feedparser error, request error, etc.)
  • meta - called with meta when it has been parsed
  • article - called with a single article when each article has been parsed
  • complete - called with meta and articles when parsing is complete
  • end - called with no parameters when parsing is complete or aborted (e.g., due to error)
  • response - called with the HTTP response only when a url has been fetched via parseUrl or parseFile
  • 304 - called with no parameters when when a url has been fetched with a conditional GET via parseUrl or parseFile and the remote server responds with '304 Not Modified'

callback(error, meta, articles)

You can provide a callback (i.e., via the libxml-like helper methods) to be called when the feed is finished being parsed. Because the helper methods are deprecated, you should consider the ability to provide a callback deprecated, as well. Use events instead.

What is the parsed output produced by feedparser?

Feedparser parses each feed into a meta portion and one or more articles.

Regardless of the format of the feed, the meta and each article contain a uniform set of generic properties patterned after (although not identical to) the RSS 2.0 format, as well as all of the properties originally contained in the feed. So, for example, an Atom feed may have a meta.description property, but it will also have a meta['atom:subtitle'] property.

The purpose of the generic properties is to provide the user a uniform interface for accessing a feed's information without needing to know the feed's format (i.e., RSS versus Atom) or having to worry about handling the differences between the formats. However, the original information is also there, in case you need it. In addition, Feedparser supports some popular namespace extensions (or portions of them), such as portions of the itunes, media, feedburner and pheedo extensions. So, for example, if a feed article contains either an itunes:image or media:thumbnail, the url for that image will be contained in the article's image.url property.

All generic properties are "pre-initialized" to null (or empty arrays or objects for certain properties). This should save you from having to do a lot of checking for undefined, such as, for example, when you are using jade templates.

In addition, all properties (and namespace prefixes) use only lowercase letters, regardless of how they were capitalized in the original feed. ("xmlUrl" and "pubDate" also are still used to provide backwards compatibility.) This decision places ease-of-use over purity -- hopefully, you will never need to think about whether you should camelCase "pubDate" ever again.

The title and description properties of meta and the title property of each article have any HTML stripped if you let feedparser normalize the output. If you really need the HTML in those elements, there are always the originals: e.g., meta['atom:subtitle']['#'].

List of meta properties

  • title
  • description
  • link (website link)
  • xmlurl (the canonical link to the feed, as specified by the feed)
  • date (most recent update)
  • pubdate (original published date)
  • author
  • language
  • image (an Object containing url and title properties)
  • favicon (a link to the favicon -- only provided by Atom feeds)
  • copyright
  • generator
  • categories (an Array of Strings)

List of article properties

  • title
  • description (frequently, the full article content)
  • summary (frequently, an excerpt of the article content)
  • link
  • origlink (when FeedBurner or Pheedo puts a special tracking url in the link property, origlink contains the original link)
  • date (most recent update)
  • pubdate (original published date)
  • author
  • guid (a unique identifier for the article)
  • comments (a link to the article's comments section)
  • image (an Object containing url and title properties)
  • categories (an Array of Strings)
  • source (an Object containing url and title properties pointing to the original source for an article; see the RSS Spec for an explanation of this element)
  • enclosures (an Array of Objects, each representing a podcast or other enclosure and having a url property and possibly type and length properties)
  • meta (an Object containing all the feed meta properties; especially handy when using the EventEmitter interface to listen to article emissions)

Help

Contributors

View all the contributors.

Although node-feedparser no longer shares any code with node-easyrss, it was the original inspiration and a starting point.

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2011-2013 Dan MacTough <danmactough@gmail.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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