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* Cppcheck - A tool for static C/C++ code analysis
* Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Daniel Marjamäki and Cppcheck team.
* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <>.
#ifndef checkexceptionsafetyH
#define checkexceptionsafetyH
#include "config.h"
#include "check.h"
#include "settings.h"
class Token;
/// @addtogroup Checks
/// @{
* @brief %Check exception safety (exceptions shouldn't cause leaks nor corrupt data)
* The problem with these checks is that Cppcheck can't determine what the valid
* values are for variables. But in some cases (dead pointers) it can be determined
* that certain variable values are corrupt.
class CPPCHECKLIB CheckExceptionSafety : public Check {
/** This constructor is used when registering the CheckClass */
CheckExceptionSafety() : Check(myName())
{ }
/** This constructor is used when running checks. */
CheckExceptionSafety(const Tokenizer *tokenizer, const Settings *settings, ErrorLogger *errorLogger)
: Check(myName(), tokenizer, settings, errorLogger)
{ }
/** Checks that uses the simplified token list */
void runSimplifiedChecks(const Tokenizer *tokenizer, const Settings *settings, ErrorLogger *errorLogger) {
CheckExceptionSafety checkExceptionSafety(tokenizer, settings, errorLogger);
/** Don't throw exceptions in destructors */
void destructors();
/** deallocating memory and then throw (dead pointer) */
void deallocThrow();
/** Don't rethrow a copy of the caught exception; use a bare throw instead */
void checkRethrowCopy();
/** @brief %Check for exceptions that are caught by value instead of by reference */
void checkCatchExceptionByValue();
/** Don't throw exceptions in destructors */
void destructorsError(const Token * const tok) {
reportError(tok, Severity::error, "exceptThrowInDestructor", "Exception thrown in destructor.");
void deallocThrowError(const Token * const tok, const std::string &varname) {
reportError(tok, Severity::warning, "exceptDeallocThrow", "Exception thrown in invalid state, '" +
varname + "' points at deallocated memory.");
void rethrowCopyError(const Token * const tok, const std::string &varname) {
reportError(tok, Severity::style, "exceptRethrowCopy",
"Throwing a copy of the caught exception instead of rethrowing the original exception.\n"
"Rethrowing an exception with 'throw " + varname + ";' creates an unnecessary copy of '" + varname + "'. "
"To rethrow the caught exception without unnecessary copying or slicing, use a bare 'throw;'.");
void catchExceptionByValueError(const Token *tok) {
reportError(tok, Severity::style,
"catchExceptionByValue", "Exception should be caught by reference.\n"
"The exception is caught by value. It could be caught "
"as a (const) reference which is usually recommended in C++.");
/** Generate all possible errors (for --errorlist) */
void getErrorMessages(ErrorLogger *errorLogger, const Settings *settings) const {
CheckExceptionSafety c(0, settings, errorLogger);
c.deallocThrowError(0, "p");
c.rethrowCopyError(0, "varname");
/** Short description of class (for --doc) */
static std::string myName() {
return "Exception Safety";
/** wiki formatted description of the class (for --doc) */
std::string classInfo() const {
return "Checking exception safety\n"
"* Throwing exceptions in destructors\n"
"* Throwing exception during invalid state\n"
"* Throwing a copy of a caught exception instead of rethrowing the original exception\n"
"* Exception caught by value instead of by reference";
/// @}
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