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Shell Emacs Lisp
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tush -- a literate testing shell This is sort of a doctest for shellscripts. There are two major pluses: * The examples in your documentation get checked automatically. * Tests can be easy to write and to read. This style of testing has proved itself in language-specific tools like Python's doctest and E's UpDoc (and FIT for Java, sort of). But to test command-line programs it seems to be usual to write shellscripts that each set up some files, etc., call on the subject program, check the result, and clean up. This isn't fun, and less fun means fewer tests get written. After I started a project involving lots of command-line programs I wrote tush instead. To install it: Copy bin/* from this directory to somewhere in your PATH. To use it: Tush looks for transcript-like lines in a file and checks them. For example: $ echo Hello world | Hello world If you run 'tush-check README' (where README is this file), it notices the above two lines, executes 'echo Hello world', and checks that 'Hello world' comes out on the standard output. Assuming the test passes, running tush-check succeeds silently. A failing test makes tush-check fail and output a diff. You aren't limited to invoking the program under test; setup, clean-up, checking, etc., work the same way: $ echo >test.in 'here is some test input' $ echo >>test.in 'and here is some more' $ sort test.in | wc -l # Check: sorting should not change the linecount. | 2 We didn't bother to rm test.in afterwards because we have a crude kind of test isolation already: Tush makes a new temporary directory named tush-scratch, runs all the commands in the input from within it, then deletes it. What about checking commands that should fail? There are two more special prefixes. For example: $ cat nonesuch @ cat: nonesuch: No such file or directory ? 1 The '@ ' line is like '| ', only for standard error instead of standard output. The '? ' line shows a nonzero exit status. Tools: tush-check was introduced above. It calls tush-run, which runs tush-run-raw from within a temporary tush-scratch directory. tush-run-raw copies its input except for the special-prefixed lines introduced above: '$ ' lines are copied, too, but also executed, with their outputs/status codes inserted into the output with appropriate prefixes, so that for a successful test the output is the same as the input. Input lines starting with '| ', '@ ', or '? ' are dropped. The above tools, like 'cat', take any number of files as arguments. 'tush-bless foo' updates foo so that 'tush-check foo' will then pass: it changes any output/status-code lines to the actual outputs from tush-run. Use this when your program is correct but your test is wrong. Examples: See the *.tush files in this directory. They're a kind of self-check of the Tush implementation, though a weak one, since implementing tush-run as 'cat' would pass it. [XXX do something about that?] Emacs mode: tush.el lets you pass the file you're editing through tush-run with a single keystroke. This can go nicely with interactive development combining unit tests with the code under test. Alternatives: Why not more like UpDoc or doctest? [TODO: explain] Credits: Darius Bacon <email@example.com> The 'overwrite' script is from Kernighan and Pike, _The UNIX Programming Environment_, and adapted by Clyde Ingram.