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This tool allows you to redirect any TCP connection to SOCKS or HTTPS
proxy using your firewall, so redirection is system-wide.
Why is that useful? I can suggest following reasons:
* you use tor[1] and don't want any TCP connection to leak.
* you use DVB ISP and this ISP provides internet connectivity with some
special daemon that may be also called "Internet accelerator" and this
accelerator acts as proxy. Globax[2] is example of such an accelerator.
Linux/iptables, OpenBSD/pf and FreeBSD/ipfw are supported.
Linux/iptables is well-tested, other implementations may have bugs,
your bugreports are welcome.
Transocks[3] is alike project but it has noticable performance penality.
Transsocks_ev[4] is alike project too, but it has no HTTPS-proxy support
and does not support authentication.
Several Android apps also use redsocks under-the-hood: ProxyDroid[5][6] and
sshtunnel[7][8]. And that's over 100'000 downloads! Wow!
Another related issue is DNS over TCP. Redsocks includes `dnstc' that is fake
and really dumb DNS server that returns "truncated answer" to every query via
UDP. RFC-compliant resolver should repeat same query via TCP in this case - so
the request can be redirected using usual redsocks facilities.
Known compliant resolvers are:
* bind9 (server)
* dig, nslookup (tools based on bind9 code)
Known non-compliant resolvers are:
* eglibc resolver fails without any attempt to send request via TCP
* powerdns-recursor can't properly startup without UDP connectivity as it
can't load root hints
On the other hand, DNS via TCP using bind9 may be painfully slow. If your bind9
setup is really slow, you have at least two options: pdnsd[9] caching server
can run in TCP-only mode, ttdnsd[10][11] has no cache but can be useful for same
Redirect any TCP connection to SOCKS4, SOCKS5 or HTTPS (HTTP/CONNECT)
proxy server.
Login/password authentication is supported for SOCKS5/HTTPS connections.
SOCKS4 supports only username, password is ignored. for HTTPS, currently
only Basic and Digest scheme is supported.
Redirect UDP packets via SOCKS5 proxy server. NB: UDP still goes via UDP, so
you can't relay UDP via OpenSSH.
Sends "truncated reply" as an answer to UDP DNS queries.
Redirect any HTTP connection to proxy that does not support transparent
proxying (e.g. old SQUID had broken `acl myport' for such connections).
All source code is licensed under Apache 2.0 license.
You can get a copy at
* Archlinux:
* Debian:
* Gentoo (pentoo overlay):
* Gentoo (theebuilds overlay):
* Gentoo (zugaina overlay):
* Ubuntu:
libevent[5] is required.
gcc and clang are supported right now, other compilers can be used
but may require some code changes.
Compilation is as easy as running `make', there is no `./configure' magic.
GNU Make works, other implementations of make were not tested.
[5] ||
Program has following command-line options:
-c sets proper path to config file ("./redsocks.conf" is default one)
-t tests config file syntax
-p set a file to write the getpid() into
Following signals are understood:
SIGUSR1 dumps list of connected clients to log
SIGTERM and SIGINT terminates daemon, all active connections are closed
You can see configuration file example in redsocks.conf.example
iptables example
You have to build iptables with connection tracking and REDIRECT target.
# Create new chain
root# iptables -t nat -N REDSOCKS
# Ignore LANs and some other reserved addresses.
# See
# and for full list of reserved networks.
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -d -j RETURN
# Anything else should be redirected to port 12345
root# iptables -t nat -A REDSOCKS -p tcp -j REDIRECT --to-ports 12345
# Any tcp connection made by `luser' should be redirected.
root# iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m owner --uid-owner luser -j REDSOCKS
# You can also control that in more precise way using `gid-owner` from
# iptables.
root# groupadd socksified
root# usermod --append --groups socksified luser
root# iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p tcp -m owner --gid-owner socksified -j REDSOCKS
# Now you can launch your specific application with GID `socksified` and it
# will be... socksified. See following commands (numbers may vary).
# Note: you may have to relogin to apply `usermod` changes.
luser$ id
uid=1000(luser) gid=1000(luser) groups=1000(luser),1001(socksified)
luser$ sg socksified -c id
uid=1000(luser) gid=1001(socksified) groups=1000(luser),1001(socksified)
luser$ sg socksified -c "firefox"
# If you want to configure socksifying router, you should look at
# doc/iptables-packet-flow.png and doc/iptables-packet-flow-ng.png
# Note, you should have proper `local_ip' value to get external packets with
# redsocks, default will not go. See iptables(8) manpage regarding
# REDIRECT target for details.
# Depending on your network configuration iptables conf. may be as easy as:
root# iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING --in-interface eth_int -p tcp -j REDSOCKS
Note about GID-based redirection
Keep in mind, that changed GID affects filesystem permissions, so if your
application creates some files, the files will be created with luser:socksified
owner/group. So, if you're not the only user in the group `socksified` and your
umask allows to create group-readable files and your directory permissions, and
so on, blah-blah, etc. THEN you may expose your files to another user.
Ok, you have been warned.
Mailing list:
Mailing list also has archives[1].
Test OpenBSD (pf) and FreeBSD (ipfw) and write setup examples for those
firewall types.
This program was written by Leonid Evdokimov <>
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