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An ergonomic, cross-platform, standard library for ReasonML and OCaml
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README.md

tablecloth

Tablecloth is an ergonomic, cross-platform, standard library for use with OCaml and ReasonML. It provides an easy-to-use, comprehensive and performant standard library, that has the same API on all OCaml/ReasonML/Bucklescript platforms.

Tablecloth is alpha-quality software, and is pre-1.0. The API will change over time as we get more users. Caveat emptor.

See the mli for documentation.

Installation

Bucklescript

Install via npm by:

npm install tablecloth-bucklescript

Then add to your bsconfig.json file:

"bs-dependencies" : ["tablecloth-bucklescript"]

OCaml native

Install via opam:

opam install tablecloth-native

Then add to your dune file:

(libraries (tablecloth-native ...))

js_of_ocaml

We have not built a js_of_ocaml specific version yet. However, the native version should work perfectly with js_of_ocaml.

Usage

By design, the usage of the libraries is the same on all platforms:

Either open the module, and replace the builtin modules

open Tablecloth

let () =
  "somestring"
  |> String.toList
  |> List.map ~f:Char.toCode
  |> List.map ~f:(fun x -> x+1)
  |> List.map ~f:Char.fromCode
  |> String.fromList

Or use the fully qualified names:

let () =
  "somestring"
  |> Tablecloth.String.toList
  |> Tablecloth.List.map ~f:Char.toCode
  |> Tablecloth.List.map ~f:(fun x -> x+1)
  |> Tablecloth.List.map ~f:Char.fromCode
  |> Tablecloth.String.fromList

As tablecloth is still in the early stages, you might find it useful to create a module wrapping tablecloth, that allows you make changes to it before upstreaming them. We have an example that you can copy from.

Design of Tablecloth

Dark uses multiple versions of OCaml on the frontend and backend:

  • Our backend is written in OCaml native, using Jane Street Core as a standard library
  • Our frontend is written in Bucklescript (dba ReasonML)
  • Parts of our backend are shared with the frontend by compiling them using js_of_ocaml, and running them in a web worker.

We discovered that it was impossible to share code between the Bucklescript frontend and the native OCaml backend, as the types and standard libraries were very different:

  • Bucklescript uses camelCase by default, while most native libraries, including Core and the OCaml standard library, use snake_case.
  • The libraries in Belt have different names and function signatures than native OCaml and Base/Core.
  • Many OCaml libraries have APIs optimized for pipelast (|>), while Belt aims for pipefirst (|.).
  • Core does not work with Bucklescript, while Belt is optimized for the JS platform.
  • Belt does not work in native OCaml, while Core is optimized for the native OCaml runtime.
  • Belt is incomplete relative to Core, or to other languages' standard libraries (such as Elm's).
  • Belt makes it challenging to use PPXes.

Tablecloth's solution

Tablecloth solves this by providing an identical API for Bucklescript and OCaml. It wraps existing standard libraries on those platforms, and so is fast and memory efficient. It is based off the Elm standard library, which is extremely well-designed and ergonomic.

Tablecloth provides separate libraries for OCaml native/js_of_ocaml and Bucklescript. The libraries have the same API, but different implementations, and are installed as different packages.

The APIs:

  • are taken from Elm's standard library, which is extremely complete and well-designed.
  • include support for strings, lists, numbers, maps, options, and results,
  • have both snake_case and camelCase versions of all functions and types,
  • are backed by Jane Street Base for native OCaml
  • are backed by Belt and the Js library for Bucklescript/ReasonML,
  • use labelled arguments so that can be used with both pipefirst and pipelast,
  • are well documented, and reasonably-well tested.

We also have design goals that are not yet achieved in the current version:

  • Many of the functions in the Bucklescript version were written hastily, and could be much more efficient
  • Tablecloth libraries should support PPX derivers,
  • Tablecloth functions should not throw any exceptions,
  • All functions should have well-known and consistent edge-case behaviour,
  • There should versions optimized for other standard libraries or runtimes, such as a js_of_ocaml, Batteries or Containers.

Contributing

Tablecloth is an ideal library to contribute to, even if you're new to OCaml or new to writing algorithms. The maintainers are warm and friendly, and the project abides by a Code of Conduct. There are many small tasks to be done - a small change to a single function can be extremely helpful.

Here are some ways to contribute:

  • point out inconsistencies between different functions in the library,
  • point out an inelegant function signature which could be improved,
  • point out a way in which the library or any of its parts are confusing,
  • report an edge-case or performance problem in one of the functions,
  • add a small test for an edge-case of one of the functions,
  • copy test cases for a function from another language's standard library,
  • add documentation to a function,
  • improve a function's documentation by discussing an edge-case,
  • check that a function cannot throw exceptions (and add a note to the function documentation to that effect),
  • optimize a function (the Bucklescript functions in particular),
  • write a benchmark for a function, or a set of functions,
  • make a plan for the addition (or not) of U-suffixed functions like in Belt,
  • make a plan for adding polymorphic Maps and Sets,
  • design a Regex module,
  • design escape hatches, where the user could convert a t into a platform-specific type, to allow them create functions we do not currently support,
  • add more functions from any of Elm's core library: String, List, Result, Maybe, Array, Dict, Set, Tuple, or Basics, or from any of the Extras libraries.

If you'd like to contribute but don't know where to start, open an issue with your thoughts, or contact us on Twitter or by email.

License

Tablecloth uses the MIT license. Some functions are based on Elm/core (BSD), and from the *.Extra packages in elm-community, which use a BSD license.

Authors

Written by Dark. We may be hiring.

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