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Dark Reaction Project README

General Information

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see Always make sure to check the latest version of the README on the master branch.

This repository contains the software for the source code for the Dark Reactions Project Software. If you are looking to contribute to the chemistry aspects of the project, please visit the main project site at If you are looking to contribute to the source code of the project and are not a member of haverford college, please fork this repository and issue a pull request with any changes or fixes you may have made. A list of known bugs can be found at [] (our instance of Mantis Bug Tracker). Please note that you will to sign up for an account, and that the authentication credentials for the bug reporting page and the main project page are separate.

Setting up your own instance of the DRP

The following setup methods are suitable for use with Ubuntu 16.04.

On a Virtual Machine

This software supports development using, and has a Vagrantfile included in the root directory.

Vagrant can be installed on Linux machines using

sudo apt-get install vagrant virtualbox

Then setting up a virtual machine should be as simple as issuing the command vagrant up from anywhere in the repository.

Manual Instructions - For A Physical Machine

The following instructions are written to work with Ubuntu 14 and 16 and have (mostly) been tested. These instructions assume familiarity with Linux and a Command Line, and that you are using nginx as your webserver.

Step 1: Install Dependencies

  • The DRP
  • Mysql
  • Nginx
  • Uwsgi — Note: other wsgi solutions are available and may be compatible with DRP.
  • Chemspider

Download or clone the DRP from our git repo

git clone

Install necessary dependencies. Note that dependencies will go off most screens, so be careful when copy/pasting.

sudo apt-get install python3 python3-dev python3-pip mailutils mysql-server libmysqlclient-dev nginx uwsgi uwsgi-plugin-python3 python-rdkit git weka graphviz memcached python-memcache python3-scipy python3-pillow cmake libboost-all-dev python3-cffi graphviz-dev pkg-config pwgen dnsmasq
sudo python3 -m pip install numpy pygraphviz mysqlclient
sudo -H python3 -m pip install chemspipy requests pep8 pep257 xxhash sqlparse

Install Django. Please note that the current version of DRP is designed to work with Django 1.8

sudo python3 -m pip install django==1.8

Step 2: Setting up MySQL and Chemspider

Login to your account:

mysql -u root -p

The user is initialized as root and the password is blank in Ubuntu. This may vary depending on your setup.

Once you login to mysql, and create two databases:


You should see: Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)


You should see: Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

Exit out of MySQL my typing “exit.”

You will also need a chemspider token. Follow the directions on the website for webservices:

“Some operations require a security token; to obtain a token please complete the registration process –when you are registered the Security Token is listed on the Profilepage. For web services which require a “Service Subscriber” role, then email us above to discuss upgrading your user account.”


Step 3: Setting up the file

In the DRP repository, copy the to


In the file, you will need to edit:

SERVER_NAME (full name of PC)

These have placeholders that indicate their use.

You will also need to set the standard database settings as per the [](django documentation).

Note that ALLOWED_HOSTS should be empty.

To pass the unit tests, at least one ADMIN_EMAILS should be provided

Step 4: Nginx and Uwsgi

Copy DRP_nginx from the DRP folder to the /etc/nginx/sites-available folder.

cp DRP/DRP_nginx /etc/nginx/sites-available

Create a symlink between /etc/nginx/sites-available/DRP_nginx and /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/DRP_nginx

ln -s sites-available/DRP_nginx sites-enabled/DRP_nginx

Copy DRP_uwsgi.ini file to the /etc/uwsgi/apps-available folder.

cp DRP/DRP_uwsgi.ini /etc/uwsgi/apps-available

Create a symlink between apps-available/DRP_uwsgi.ini to apps-enabled/DRP_uwsgi.ini

ln -s /etc/uwsgi/apps-available/DRP_uwsgi.ini /etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/DRP_uwsgi.ini

Note that for symlinks, you may need to create the directory before linking it.

Now, edit each fine. Replace the placeholders with the relevant values. Ex: log path.

Note that the “location” paths in the nginx DRP_nginx file will need to be changed if you are not working on the server.

Now restart both Uwsgi and Nginx:

sudo service uwsgi restart 
sudo service nginx restart

Step 5: RDKIT Descriptors

Option 1 (Recommended):

We have a repo setup for a python3 specific build of rdkit which should not clash with other packages in the ubuntu repositories, however, we make no guarantees to that effect, and installation is at your own risk.

In the file /etc/apt/sources.list add the line:

deb [trusted=yes] ./

If you need to change the permissions on the /etc/apt/sources.list using chmod to edit the file, be sure to change it back and execute

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-rdkit

Option 2 (Manual):


sudo apt-get install bison cmake flux build-essential sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev libboost-all-dev
sudo pip3 install cairocffi

Then, in a directory that is not your main installation directory for DRP.

git clone

Change into the rdkit repository directory and then

export RDBASE=$(pwd)
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$(pwd)/lib"
export PYTHONPATH="$(pwd)/lib"
mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DRDK_BUILD_INCHI_SUPPORT=ON -D PYTHON_LIBRARY=/usr/lib/python3.4/config-3.4m-x86_64-linux-gnu/ -D PYTHON_INCLUDE_DIR=/usr/include/python3.4/ -D PYTHON_EXECUTABLE=/usr/bin/python3.4 -DBOOST_ROOT=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ ..
make install

If any of this generates an error, unless you are very familiar with compiling new code for linux operating systems, seek the assistance of Philip Adler via the rdkit repository provided in this document.


cd ../rdkit
`sudo ln -s "$(pwd)" /usr/lib/python3.4/rdkit
cd ../lib
sudo cp -i *.so.2 /usr/lib
python3.4 -c "import rdkit.Chem"

If that runs without error messages, congratulations, you have compiled and installed rdkit for use with DRP.

Step 6: Installing Chemaxon (optional)

Follow the documentation to install and validate your license for * Chemaxon.

In order to install the license files (.cxl), you must open one of the ChemAxon programs (e.g. MarvinView, MarvinSketch) and navigate to the help > licenses tab. From there you can install the license files.

The deb package can be installed as follows:

sudo apt install ./packagename.deb (or /path/to/package/name.deb)

Chemaxon can then be found at:


When setting the Chemaxon directory in, make sure to point to the bin file, ie:

CHEMAXON_DIR = {version:/path/to/marvinsuite/bin/}

Step 7: Remaining loose ends

Make sure you run the command:

./ migrate

If you are experiencing errors with management commands, make sure you are in the right directory and try putting Python3 or whichever Python is relevant before the command. Additionally, try restarting nginx and uwsgi.

General Information

Logging in When first registering through the website on a server, the user is default inactive. You must run:

./ createsuperuser

Enter your new username and password.

Login to the website with /admin at the end of the URL

Go into the users and change the new user to active and whatever permissions you deem necessary.

Release Versions:

DRP is distributed in release versions. To use a specific version of the code, use the following template command: git checkout Git guidelines

Git Hooks

DRP comes distributed with a number of useful git hooks in the drp_hooks directory in this repo. These warn you if the expected structure of the file changes, or if you need to run database migrations for the DRP Django application. They also remove orphaned .pyc files, which have been known to confuse the test suite historically. These should be added to your local git repository as per the git documentation.

Server settings

In the DRP repository there is a file DRP_uwsgi.ini and another DRP_nginx. Both should be modified to suit your local server after having been placed in the relevant locations:

/etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/DRP_uwsgi.ini /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/DRP_nginx

It should be noted that the uwsgi.ini is backwards compatible with older version of this repo, but that an old DRP_uwsgi file will need replacing. Both uwsgi and nginx must be restarted (in that order) for the server to work.


If you are setting up a publicly viewable instance of DRP, there are additional settings for these protocols present in the configuration file for nginx, and the Django file, which have been left commented out. Setting up https access varies greatly depending on your local server environment and organisation so there will be no further documentation here. Additional information for a simple method to set up https can be found at

Running tests

In order to run tests you must have the following environment variables set up in your shell session:

export PYTHONPATH=/path/to/DRP/

You must also have TESTING set to True in your file.

In addition, its useful to restart nginx and uwsgi before running tests.

To run specific tests, provided the test is conformant to the template test (which they should be if you are writing new tests!), one can simply execute the test:


Else, one can run the entire test suite from the management script:

./ run_tests

Adding New Fields In Development

In developing the DRP in the Dataquacs lab, it may be the case that you want to add a new field. To do this successfully and to have the tests pass successfully, follow this development cycle.

  1. Add the new field to the model, make migrations, and run migrations. This will update the version of the drp database specified in the file for the new field.

  2. Make sure the tests pass locally. To do this, the schema of the test database must match the local database. If there's only a few new additions, manually go into mysql and add the new column to the appropriate tables.

A useful way to figure out all the appropriate tables is by looking at the recent migrations file. The name of the models where the field was added will be the tables you must add the new column to. Once you've added the field to the tests, you should be able to run the tests. Of course, it still remains to be seen if the tests pass but this should eliminate errors due to the new field you've added not being recognized.

  1. Once the changes are ready for production, push the changes to the live server and make sure the database there matches the local database. You may not want to push the recent local migration so that you can migrate on the server to get the new changes added to the live database. If you've pushed the recent local migration, migrating on the server will not add a new column.

On Development Servers

The ALLOWED_HOSTS option in '' should be set to an iterable containing only the localhost ip address as a string.

In the '/etc/nginx/sites-enabled/DRP_nginx' file, the host name that is being listened to should only be localhost.

Servers with multiple web applications.

If you are only developing DRP on your server, the setup you have should be sufficient, however, people running other applications on their local development server should note the following.

If you are running the django testing server, this requires you to select a port which is unoccupied. By default, the nginx settings file listens for port 8000, which is also the default port of the django test server; you will need to configure one or the other so that this clash does not occur. The Django documentation addresses this for django, whilst in the DRP_nginx file, the only change that needs to be made is to delete the line: listen 8000


For instances where you are hosting multiple development projects on your local server, it may be beneficial to install dnsmasq: sudo apt-get install dnsmasq dnsmasq is a powerful tool for rerouting and managing dns requests. This makes it extremely helpful in managing multiple local development projects. Having installed dnsmasq, open the file /etc/dnsmasq.conf in your favourite text editor, and add the following line into the file: address=/loc/ Save the change, and then on the command line: sudo service dnsmasq restart In the DRP_nginx file, change the server_name configuration to something like darkreactions.loc. It does not matter what this is set to, provided it: a. is unique on your development server b. ends in .loc Don't forget to set the SERVER_NAME setting in your file to the same value! Restart nginx: sudo service nginx restart When you open your browser and direct yourself to darkreactions.loc (or whatever you named the server), the dark reactions project should display.

DRP Versions < 0.1

Versions of code prior to 0.1 are not compatible with versions above.

Version 0.6 of DRP was the last version to use Django 1.6, subsequent versions use Django 1.8. There are, therefore, necessary transition steps to be made.

git fetch --all git checkout 0.7

Make sure your database (both main and testing) is up to date with migrations: Set Testing = False in migrate

Set Testing = True in

Restart nginx and uwsgi sudo service nginx restart && sudo service uwsgi restart

Run all tests and make sure you pass them all: ./ run_tests

git checkout 0.81 Remove "south" from your installed apps Install django 1.8 pip install -U Django==1.8.9 Delete all .pyc files in your migrations folder

rm DRP/migrations/*.pyc ./ migrate DRP --fake./ migrate --fake-initial ./ migrate

Repeat this process for your Main database.

Restart nginx and uwsgi sudo service nginx restart && sudo service uwsgi restart

Run all tests and make sure you pass them all ./ run_tests

Notes for Local (Haverford) Developers The website can be accessed at -- this domain is managed by Haverford. The server itself (named "drp") is in the KINSC Server Room and can be accessed by SSH while on campus. Note that if you are off-campus and need to access drp, you will need to tunnel through another server on campus -- such as those hosted by FIG or a CS Lab Computer. That is, SSH there and THEN SSH into drp.

DRP Project Structure

  • ./ (The DRP Project)
  • README -- This file.
  • DRP_nginx -- The NGINX configuration. Move to /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
  • DRP_uwsgi -- The UWSGI configuration. Move to /etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/
  • -- The Django management file -- leave it as it is.
  • DRP/ (The DRP App)
  • models/ -- Contains all the Django models and some important accessors.
  • -- Contains example settings for the database; true settings are placed in (see
  • urls/ -- Responsible for mapping a URL call to a function call; see the django documentation for details.
  • research/ -- A folder for very experimental/highly unstable code.
  • management/ -- Directory to add custom python commands- see the django documentation.
  • templatetags/ -- Directory to add custom Django template tags- see the django documentation.
  • views/ -- Directory of various views sorted into different files.
  • migrations/ -- Migration Files
  • templates (The HTML templates for Django Views.)
  • research (Any "research" scripts that are still being explored.)
  • static (Any static files for which Django can skip templating.)
  • favicon.ico -- The "favicon" for the site (actually served by NGINX).
  • js/ -- Any Javascript for any view belongs in this directory. universal.js -- Contains Javascript used on nearly every page.
  • css/ -- The CSS for any view should go here.
  • icons/ -- Small "icon" images belong here -- such as the hover-button images.
  • images/ -- Any large images for the site should go here (eg: the logo).
  • admin/ -- CSS for the /admin/ page. Used in many django installations.

There are many files that are not listed above in order to elucidate the "framework" of the DRP Django Project succinctly. Notably, there are many python files in the views and research directories that are not listed above -- but which should contain explanatory comments in the files themselves.

Accessing the GitHub Repo and Notes on the Repo Structure

First, you'll need a GitHub account and you'll need someone with access to the repo to grant your account access (though if you can view this README without access to the GitHub repo, you should tell someone). Then, you should be able to use git clone to copy the repository to your workstation.

Django has an important file,, which is not tracked by this git repository for security reasons. If you add or remove items in this file whilst developing with the code, please ensure that you update the file in step.

Lastly, the repository utilises branches heavily. The master branch is reserved for releases. There are no working long-term support branches at present. Persons editing this code should set up their own branches, with one marked as stable, such that all tests pass in that branch.

Django Management Commands

Django management commands (that is, the commands that pass through can be called as python <the command> when in the main DRP project directory. These commands are each stored in a separate python file in the .../DRP/management/commands directory. To add a new command, use the existing files as examples.

It also should be noted that using python help will detail all of the available management commands (of which there are many).

  • check_hash_collisions

This command checks the hashed values of the reactions calculated by the DRP descriptor plugin for clashes. If there is a clash, the lead developer should be notified ASAP.

  • build_model

Builds a machine learning model. The most basic usage is python build_model -p 'reaction_temperature'this will build a model using only the reaction temperature as a descriptor to predict the default outcome descriptor (currently boolean crystallisation outcome) using the default model (currently a Weka SVM using the PUK kernel and cross-validated using a 4-fold split to analyze model performance). More advanced usage should be well documented in the help textpython build_model -h

  • import_data

Imports reaction data from the main Haverford Dark Reactions server. Accepts one positional argument importing the corresponding number of Performed Reactions and their associated data. Not available to persons who are not administrators on the main server.

Note that at present this command does not import reaction descriptors.

  • re_save_reactions

Starts a batch parralell task to re-save each reaction, forcing descriptor calculation. Useful in conjunction with the above command. Note that descriptors will only be calculated for plugins present in the code-base, which are correctly set up.

  • run_tests

Runs all of the tests correctly imported in the test suite. To only run some tests, one may enter a list of test modules to run as positional arguments. The --failfast option causes tests to halt on the first failure. Otherwise all tests will be run and error details output at the end.

Useful Mysql Commands

To reference actual descriptors from a descriptor_id's from another table use the following command:

SELECT * FROM DRP_descriptor WHERE id in (SELECT DISTINCT descriptor_id FROM DRP_numrxndescriptorvalue);

Note: this command specifically references the table DRP_numrxndescriptorvalue. Change this table to the one you see fits your query.

Adding to the Dashboard

The general procedure is to make a csv with DRP/views/, then pull that csv into the javascript in such a way that we have to do as little data processing in javascript as possible. The javascript in question is located in templates/dashboard.html. If you want to make another stacked bar graph, you can use the function make_stacked_bar which takes csv's in the form of date (Y-m-d), values, to, stack. You also pass that function the div id you want to graph to be in, so add a div in the html above the function for your new graph! There are other parameters to the function, those are described in the code. If you want to make a graph that isn't a stack bar chart, or uses data in a different form, you will have to write your own d3!

One additional gotcha: If you add another csv, you need to create the file on the server and then edit the permissions so that the program can edit it.


If your lab would like to use our website, please send us an email at Please include the lab group name, the email address for the head of the lab, and an access code. The access code will be required when users join your lab group.