Dask is a community maintained project. We welcome contributions in the form of bug reports, documentation, code, design proposals, and more. This page provides resources on how best to contribute.
Where to ask for help
Dask conversation happens in the following places:
- StackOverflow #dask tag: for usage questions
- Github Issue Tracker: for discussions around new features or established bugs
- Gitter chat: for real-time discussion
For usage questions and bug reports we strongly prefer the use of StackOverflow and Github issues over gitter chat. Github and StackOverflow are more easily searchable by future users and so is more efficient for everyone's time. Gitter chat is generally reserved for community discussion.
Separate Code Repositories
Dask maintains code and documentation in a few git repositories hosted on the
dask organization, http://github.com/dask. This includes the primary
repository and several other repositories for different components. A
non-exhaustive list follows:
- http://github.com/dask/dask: The main code repository holding parallel algorithms, the single-machine scheduler, and most documentation
- http://github.com/dask/distributed: The distributed memory scheduler
- http://github.com/dask/dask-ml: Machine learning algorithms
- http://github.com/dask/s3fs: S3 Filesystem interface
- http://github.com/dask/gcsfs: GCS Filesystem interface
- http://github.com/dask/hdfs3: Hadoop Filesystem interface
Git and Github can be challenging at first. Fortunately good materials exist on the internet. Rather than repeat these materials here, we refer you to Pandas' documentation and links on this subject at http://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/stable/contributing.html
The community discusses and tracks known bugs and potential features in the Github Issue Tracker. If you have a new idea or have identified a bug, then you should raise it there to start public discussion.
If you are looking for an introductory issue to get started with development, then check out the introductory label, which contains issues that are good for starting developers. Generally, familiarity with Python, NumPy, Pandas, and some parallel computing are assumed.
Clone the main Dask git repository (or whatever repository you're working on):
git clone email@example.com:dask/dask.git
You may want to install larger dependencies like NumPy and Pandas using a
binary package manager like conda. You can skip this step if you already
have these libraries, don't care to use them, or have sufficient build
environment on your computer to compile them when installing with
conda install -y numpy pandas scipy bokeh
Install Dask and dependencies:
cd dask pip install -e .[complete]
For development, Dask uses the following additional dependencies:
pip install pytest moto mock
Dask uses py.test for testing. You can run tests from the main dask directory as follows:
py.test dask --verbose
Contributing to Code
Dask maintains development standards that are similar to most PyData projects. These standards include language support, testing, documentation, and style.
Dask supports Python versions 2.7, 3.4, 3.5, and 3.6 in a single codebase. Name changes are handled by the :file:`dask/compatibility.py` file.
Dask employs extensive unit tests to ensure correctness of code both for today and for the future. Test coverage is expected for all code contributions.
Tests are written in a py.test style with bare functions:
def test_fibonacci(): assert fib(0) == 0 assert fib(1) == 0 assert fib(10) == 55 assert fib(8) == fib(7) + fib(6) for x in [-3, 'cat', 1.5]: with pytest.raises(ValueError): fib(x)
These tests should compromise well between covering all branches and fail cases and running quickly (slow test suites get run less often).
You can run tests locally by running
py.test in the local dask directory:
py.test dask --verbose
You can also test certain modules or individual tests for faster response:
py.test dask/dataframe --verbose py.test dask/dataframe/tests/test_dataframe_core.py::test_set_index
Tests run automatically on the Travis.ci and Appveyor continuous testing frameworks on every push to every pull request on GitHub.
Tests are organized within the various modules' subdirectories:
dask/array/tests/test_*.py dask/bag/tests/test_*.py dask/dataframe/tests/test_*.py dask/diagnostics/tests/test_*.py
For the Dask collections like Dask Array and Dask DataFrame, behavior is
typically tested directly against the NumPy or Pandas libraries using the
import numpy as np import dask.array as da from dask.array.utils import assert_eq def test_aggregations(): nx = np.random.random(100) dx = da.from_array(x, chunks=(10,)) assert_eq(nx.sum(), dx.sum()) assert_eq(nx.min(), dx.min()) assert_eq(nx.max(), dx.max()) ...
This technique helps to ensure compatibility with upstream libraries and tends
to be simpler than testing correctness directly. Additionally, by passing Dask
collections directly to the
assert_eq function rather than call compute
manually, the testing suite is able to run a number of checks on the lazy
User facing functions should roughly follow the numpydoc standard, including
Examples, and general explanatory prose.
By default, examples will be doc-tested. Reproducible examples in documentation
is valuable both for testing and, more importantly, for communication of common
usage to the user. Documentation trumps testing in this case and clear
examples should take precedence over using the docstring as testing space.
To skip a test in the examples add the comment
# doctest: +SKIP directly
after the line.
def fib(i): """ A single line with a brief explanation A more thorough description of the function, consisting of multiple lines or paragraphs. Parameters ---------- i: int A short description of the argument if not immediately clear Examples -------- >>> fib(4) 3 >>> fib(5) 5 >>> fib(6) 8 >>> fib(-1) # Robust to bad inputs ValueError(...) """
Docstrings are currently tested under Python 3.6 on Travis.ci. You can test docstrings with pytest as follows:
py.test dask --doctest-modules
Docstring testing requires
graphviz to be installed. This can be done via:
conda install -y graphviz
Dask verifies style uniformity with the
pip install flake8 flake8 dask
Every significative code contribution should be listed in the :doc:`changelog` under the corresponding version. When submitting a Pull Request in Github, please add to that file explaining what was added/modified.
Contributing to Documentation
Dask uses Sphinx for documentation, hosted on http://readthedocs.org .
Documentation is maintained in the RestructuredText markup language (
dask/docs/source. The documentation consists both of prose
and API documentation.
To build the documentation locally, first install the necessary requirements:
cd docs/ pip install -r requirements-docs.txt
Then build the documentation with
The resulting HTML files end up in the
You can now make edits to rst files and run
make html again to update
the affected pages.