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Data citation guidelines to JATS mapping [DRAFT]

Introduction.

This document provides a guideline on how to use the Journal Article Tag Suite to tag data citations. These are an are an evolving set of guidelines that have been developed sa part of the NISO-JATS Data Citation Implementation Workshop held at the British Library on the 19th of June 2014. This document is aimed at describing how to tag data citations within the XML. These guidelines do not concern themselves with where data citations should be placed within the article, nor how they should be presented to the reader, but rather attempts to provide JATS tagging guidelines that can improve the tagging irrespective of those concerns.

Layout of this document.

We propose some general guidelines on how to tag when a cross reference or citation is pointing at data. We then describe the fields that cover most of the use cases for data citation, in addition to our criteria for determining those fields. We then describe our proposed approach to mapping these fields into JATS. We then describe, field by field, alternatives within JATS named and tagged. We describe a mapping for each field to existing alternatives within JATS where such alternatives exists. For some fields we offer recommendations for modifications to JATS that could make implementing data citation easier, and we clearly delineate between existing and proposed options.


JATS Citation tagging with a publication-type="data" attribute.

In JATS references are tagged as <mixed-citation> or <element-citation>. These tags can carry the attribute publication-type. We make the simple recommendation that for data citations the attribute be set to data.

### Examples ...

<element-citation publication-type="data">
	...
</element-citation>

JATS cross references, and external references with specific-use="data"

Cross references and external references are supported via use of <x-ref>, <pub-id> and <ext-link> respectively. We make the recommendation that these take the specific-use="data" attribute where possible, and where this will not conflict with an existing instance of specific-use.

### Examples


Data citation elements - decision criteria.

The workshop settled on a set of fields to map based on a an analysis of published recommendations from a large variety of sources on best practice for data citation. By identifying the most commonly used fields across all of these recommendations we hope that the mapping guidelines provided in this document can cover a significant number of use cases for data citation, however we do not anticipate that these guidelines will cover all use cases (though we would be delighted if that turns out to be the case). The working document that summarises that work can be found at .... The fields that were identified are:

1. Author/Rightsholder/ Creator/Primary Responsibility
2. Publication/Release Date /Year
3. Title/Name of the Dataset
4. Version/Edition
5. Resource Type
6. Persistent Global Identifier/ Locator (DOI/URL)
7. Publisher/Distributor/ Repository/ Data Center /Archive
8. Location of publisher/distributor
9. Access Date(s) and Time
10. Additional URI/Location /bridge service
11. Secondary distributor/ other Institutional Role


1. Author/Rightsholder/ Creator/Primary Responsibility

Data creators. People or organizations responsible for developing (intellectual work) the dataset (type subproperty) Primary Responsibility

Existing JATS Equivalents

<name>

<name>
<surname>Edelstein</surname>
<given-names>PH</given-names>
</name>

#### person-group/name

Edelstein
PH


#### person-group/collab

#### <institution> The World Health Organization

#### <institution-wrap> 1812 Harvard University

JATS modification suggested

#### person-group/collab
The BAC Resource Consortium


We proposecollab-type be extended to include curators


2. Publication/Release Date /Year

When this version of the dataset was made available for citation. May be only a year

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <date>
July2014

#### <year>
2014


3. Title/Name of the Dataset

Formal title of the dataset (may include applicable dates) (optional type subproperty). Some sources place this inside the name.

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <source> Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th Grade Survey)

JATS modification suggested

#### <data-title> Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th Grade Survey)

We suggest that this reference element be added to at least mixed-citation, element-citation and related-object.


4. Version/Edition

The precise version number of the data used.

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <edition>
2014- Third

JATS modification suggested

#### <version> 16.2.1

If edition and version are considered to be different, a new element would need to be added to JATS.


5. Resource Type

Material designator; medium; (general type description subpropery).

Existing JATS Equivalents

@publication-format/@publication-type

The only way current JATS has to record this is @publication-format/@publication-type ...


6. Persistent Global Identifier/ Locator (DOI/URL)

Possibly a URL, but ideally a persistent ( DOI, PURL, Handle, or ARK) HTTP form of the DOI is preferred by some sources.

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <pub-id> with @pub-id-type 10.1128/JCM.02410-08 10.1099/ijs.0.039248-0

#### <ext-link> with @ext-link-type
<ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://dx.doi.org/10.6070/H4WM1BBQ"> http://dx.doi.org/10.6070/H4WM1BBQ

#### <uri>
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/13/198

JATS modification suggested

pub-id with xlink attribute

Note: At the moment, does not take any linking attributes. We might need to add these to JATS:
<pub-id="doi" xlink:href="http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.6070/H4WM1BBQ">10.6070/H4WM1BBQ</pub-id>


7. Publisher/Distributor/ Repository/ Data Center /Archive

The organization distributing and curating the data (ideally over the long term) such as a Data Center or Archive

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <publisher-name> Public Library of Science


8. Location of publisher/distributor

Such as city, state, country

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <publisher-loc> San Francisco, USA


9. Access Date(s) and Time

Exactly when the online data was accessed.

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <date-in-citation> Accessed on: 2014</year, June,13 at 10:00am


10. Additional URI/Location /bridge service

Typically used for a URL in addition to the regular DOI

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### <ext-link> with @ext-link-type http://r-forge.r-project.org/projects/splits

#### <uri> <uri xlink:href="http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/13/198">http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/13/198</uri>


11. Secondary distributor/ other Institutional Role

Typically used for a URL in addition to the regular DOI

Existing JATS Equivalents

#### institution with @content-type institution-wrap (would need to be added)
 do we need an institution example here?

You can’t perform that action at this time.