Allometric Laws

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计算传播学是计算社会科学的重要分支。它主要关注人类传播行为的可计算性基础,以传播网络分析、传播文本挖掘、数据科学等为主要分析工具,(以非介入地方式)大规模地收集并分析人类传播行为数据,挖掘人类传播行为背后的模式和法则,分析模式背后的生成机制与基本原理,可以被广泛地应用于数据新闻和计算广告等场景,注重编程训练、数学建模、可计算思维。

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A General Model for the Origin of Allometric Scaling Laws in Biology

Geoffrey B. West, James H. Brown*, Brian J. Enquist. A General Model for the Origin of Allometric Scaling Laws in Biology. Science 04 Apr 1997: Vol. 276, Issue 5309, pp. 122-126 DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5309.122 File:Science_276_122_1997.pdf [1]

The Fourth Dimension of Life: Fractal Geometry and Allometric Scaling of Organisms

Fractal-like networks effectively endow life with an additional fourth spatial dimension. This is the origin of quarter-power scaling that is so pervasive in biology. Organisms have evolved hierarchical branching networks that terminate in size-invariant units, such as capillaries, leaves, mitochondria, and oxidase molecules. Natural selection has tended to maximize both metabolic capacity, by maximizing the scaling of exchange surface areas, and internal efficiency, by minimizing the scaling of transport distances and times. These design principles are independent of detailed dynamics and explicit models and should apply to virtually all organisms.

Geoffrey B. West,*James H. Brown, Brian J. Enquist. The Fourth Dimension of Life: Fractal Geometry and Allometric Scaling of Organisms. Science 04 Jun 1999: Vol. 284, Issue 5420, pp. 1677-1679 DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5420.1677 [2]

The Origins of Scaling in Cities

Luís M. A. Bettencourt The Origins of Scaling in Cities Science 340, 1438 (2013); DOI: 10.1126/science.1235823 File:Science-2013-Bettencourt-1438-41.pdf [3]

参考文献

  • Geoffrey B. West, James H. Brown*, Brian J. Enquist. A General Model for the Origin of Allometric Scaling Laws in Biology. Science 04 Apr 1997: Vol. 276, Issue 5309, pp. 122-126 DOI: 10.1126/science.276.5309.122 文件:Science 276 122 1997.pdf
  • Geoffrey B. West,*James H. Brown, Brian J. Enquist. The Fourth Dimension of Life: Fractal Geometry and Allometric Scaling of Organisms. Science 04 Jun 1999: Vol. 284, Issue 5420, pp. 1677-1679 DOI: 10.1126/science.284.5420.1677 File:West et al 1999 The fourth dimension of life.Science.pdf
  • Luís M. A. Bettencourt The Origins of Scaling in Cities Science 340, 1438 (2013); DOI: 10.1126/science.1235823 文件:Science-2013-Bettencourt-1438-41.pdf