Dockerized environment for Mesos, walkthrough for use cases and code examples of Mesos Framework
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
executor
images/microservice
project
src/main
.gitignore
README.md
build.sbt
docker-compose.yml

README.md

Overview

This project is dedicated to provide a set of examples to illustrate main Mesos use cases applied to architectures based on SMACK stack. What is covered:

  • How to run dockerized Chronos via Marathon
  • How to build and submit microservices in Docker containers via Marathon
  • Different modes of running Spark jobs on cluster (fine-grained and coarse-crained)
  • Running scheduled Spark jobs in Chronos
  • Example implementation of Mesos Framework aimed to show how to build basic schedulers

####Environment description: The whole environment is represented by set of Docker containers orchestrated via docker-compose:

  • ZooKeeper
  • Mesos Master
  • Mesos Agent
  • Marathon
  • Cassandra

To attach to running container (consider as ssh-ing to the host) container name or id is needed and could be found via

  docker-compose ps

or

  docker ps

and then

  docker exec -ti <container name/id> bash      

For example to connect to Mesos Slave:

  docker exec -ti mesosworkshop_mesos-slave_1 bash

####Prerequisites

Docker and docker-compose are used for running code samples:

  docker version 1.10
  docker-compose 1.6.0

For building the app, SBT is used

  SBT 0.13

The application was created with Typesafe Activator

####Environment setup It's possible to create a full Mesos environment on the local machine using docker-compose.

Depending on one's needs virtual machine memory could be adjusted to different value, but memory should be gte 4GB. Steps to create new docker-machine and launch docker images:

  docker-machine create -d virtualbox --virtualbox-memory "8000" --virtualbox-cpu-count "6" mesos
  eval "$(docker-machine env mesos)"
  
  (!) Add address of `docker-machine ip mesos` to /etc/hosts with next hostnames: 
  <ip address> mesos mesos-master mesos-slave zookeeper marathon chronos  

  docker-compose up

After that Mesos Master, Mesos Slave and Marathon should be available:

Submitting docker images to Marathon

To submit a container to Mesos via Marathon send POST request to http://marathon:8080/v2/apps (swagger ui available). Let's launch dockerized Chronos via Marathon. Because of local environment specifics hostname resolution and network discovery suffers when running docker-in-docker, so ip address in CHRONOS_MASTER and CHRONOS_ZK_HOSTS should point to docker-machine ip mesos.

  curl -XPOST 'http://marathon:8080/v2/apps' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
    "id": "chronos",
    "container": {
      "type": "DOCKER",
      "docker": {
        "network": "HOST",
          "image": "datastrophic/chronos:mesos-0.28.1-chronos-2.5",
          "parameters": [
               { "key": "env", "value": "CHRONOS_HTTP_PORT=4400" },
               { "key": "env", "value": "LIBPROCESS_IP='"$(docker-machine ip mesos)"'" },
               { "key": "env", "value": "CHRONOS_MASTER=zk://'"$(docker-machine ip mesos)"':2181/mesos" },
               { "key": "env", "value": "CHRONOS_ZK_HOSTS='"$(docker-machine ip mesos)"':2181"}
          ]
      }
    },
    "ports": [
       4400
    ],
    "cpus": 1,
    "mem": 512,
    "instances": 1
  }'

After that Chronos application should appear in Marathon UI and Chronos UI should be available on it's own and visible in Mesos Master's UI.

Running dockerized services

This project comes with simple Akka microservice that accepts events, stores them in Cassandra and allows to count totals based on campaign id and event type. Event model:

  case class Event(id: String, campaignId: String, eventType: String, value: Long, timestamp: String)

We're going to launch this microservice on Mesos in Docker container and scale number of its instances up and down with Marathon. First the Docker image with the latest service binary should be built and deployed to Mesos. From the root of the project:

  sbt clean assembly distribute
  
  docker build -t datastrophic/akka-microservice:latest images/microservice
  
  curl -XPOST 'http://marathon:8080/v2/apps' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
    "id": "akka-microservice",
    "container": {
      "type": "DOCKER",
      "docker": {
        "image": "datastrophic/akka-microservice:latest",
        "network": "BRIDGE",
        "portMappings": [{"containerPort": 31337, "servicePort": 31337}],
        "parameters": [
            { "key": "env", "value": "CASSANDRA_HOST='"$(docker-machine ip mesos)"'" },
            { "key": "env", "value": "CASSANDRA_KEYSPACE=demo" },
            { "key": "env", "value": "CASSANDRA_TABLE=event"}
        ]
      }
    },
    "cpus": 1,
    "mem": 512,
    "instances": 1
  }'

Via Marathon UI identify the host and port of the service (e.g. mesos-slave:31158) and perform some queries to post and read the data:

     curl -XPOST 'http://mesos-slave:31711/event' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
        "id": "2e272715-c267-4c6b-8ab7-c9f96c5ab15a",
        "campaignId": "275ef4a2-513e-43e2-b85a-e656737c1147",
        "eventType": "impression",
        "value": 42,
        "timestamp": "2016-03-15 12:15:39"
     }'
     
     curl -XPOST 'http://mesos-slave:31711/event' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
        "id": "2e272715-c267-4c6b-8ab7-c9f96c5ab15a",
        "campaignId": "275ef4a2-513e-43e2-b85a-e656737c1147",
        "eventType": "click",
        "value": 13,
        "timestamp": "2016-03-15 12:15:39"
     }'
     
     
     curl -XGET http://mesos-slave:31711/campaign/275ef4a2-513e-43e2-b85a-e656737c1147/totals/impression
     
     curl -XGET http://mesos-slave:31711/campaign/275ef4a2-513e-43e2-b85a-e656737c1147/totals/click

You can try to scale up and down the number of instances of the service and query different ones to verify that everything is working.

Running Spark applications

###Running from cluster nodes For running Spark jobs attaching one of the slave nodes is needed to run spark-shell and spark-submit:

  docker exec -ti mesosworkshop_mesos-slave_1 bash

Coarse-grained mode (default) (one executor per host, amount of Mesos tasks = amount of Spark executors = number of physical nodes, spark-submit registered as a framework)

In addition, for coarse-grained mode, you can control the maximum number of resources Spark will acquire. By default, it will acquire all cores in the cluster (that get offered by Mesos), which only makes sense if you run just one application at a time. You can cap the maximum number of cores using conf.set("spark.cores.max", "10") (for example).

  /opt/spark/bin/spark-submit \
    --class org.apache.spark.examples.SparkPi \
    --master mesos://zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos \
    --deploy-mode client \
    --total-executor-cores 2 \
    /opt/spark/lib/spark-examples-1.6.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar \
    250

In “fine-grained” mode, each Spark task runs as a separate Mesos task. This allows multiple instances of Spark (and other frameworks) to share machines at a very fine granularity, where each application gets more or fewer machines as it ramps up and down, but it comes with an additional overhead in launching each task. This mode may be inappropriate for low-latency requirements like interactive queries or serving web requests.

 /opt/spark/bin/spark-submit \
   --class org.apache.spark.examples.SparkPi \
   --master mesos://zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos \
   --deploy-mode client \
   --conf "spark.mesos.coarse=false"\
   --total-executor-cores 2 \
   /opt/spark/lib/spark-examples-1.6.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar \
   250

Submitting Spark jobs via Marathon and Chronos

####Marathon Marathon is designed for keeping long-running apps alive, so in context of Spark execution long-running Spark Streaming jobs are the best candidates to run via Marathon.

  curl -XPOST 'http://marathon:8080/v2/apps' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
    "cmd": "/opt/spark/bin/spark-submit --class org.apache.spark.examples.SparkPi --master mesos://zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos --deploy-mode client --total-executor-cores 2 /opt/spark/lib/spark-examples-1.6.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar 250",
    "id": "spark-pi",
    "cpus": 1,
    "mem": 1024,
    "instances": 1
  }'

####Chronos Spark jobs for running in Chronos are basically all the computational jobs needed to run on schedule, another option is one-shot applications needed to be run only once.

  curl -L -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -X POST http://mesos:4400/scheduler/iso8601 -d '{
      "name": "Scheduled Spark Submit Job",
      "command": "/opt/spark/bin/spark-submit --class org.apache.spark.examples.SparkPi --master mesos://zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos --deploy-mode client --total-executor-cores 2 /opt/spark/lib/spark-examples-1.6.0-hadoop2.6.0.jar 250",
      "shell": true,
      "async": false,
      "cpus": 0.1,
      "disk": 256,
      "mem": 1024,
      "owner": "anton@datastrophic.io",
      "description": "SparkPi job executed every 3 minutes",
      "schedule": "R/2016-03-14T12:35:00.000Z/PT3M"
  }'

##Mesos Framework Examples ###Cassandra Load Testing Framework Throttler framework is designed for load testing Cassandra in distributed manner. The Scheduler performance is controlled
by the next properties:

  --total-queries - total amount of queries to execute during the test
  --queries-per-task - how many queries are executed within single Mesos Task
  --parallelism - how many Tasks are executed simultaneously   

Scheduler implementation: ThrottleScheduler.

To run the framework build the project and distribute across containers:

  sbt clean assembly distribute

This build a fatjar and distribute across containers via linked volume directories, so the resulting jar will be immediately available in containers. To run Throttler user should be logged in (attached to) docker container and from there execute:

 java -cp /throttle/throttle-framework.jar -Dexecutor.path=/throttle/throttle-executor.sh io.datastrophic.mesos.throttler.Throttler \
 --mesos-master zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos \
 --cassandra-host cassandra \
 --keyspace demo_framework \
 --total-queries 100 \
 --queries-per-task 5 \
 --parallelism 5 

One can play with load test parameters, but remember that everything is executed inside a virtual machine (in case of Mac) and memory starvation could start pretty quickly when the load becomes high. Which in turn can lead to containers failures.

###Dominant Resource Fairness Demo Framework Mesos uses Dominant Resource Fairness algorithm to achieve fair resource allocation across frameworks. DRF framework is used to demonstrate different cases and how DRF handles them.

Scheduler implementation: DRFDemoScheduler.

This framework has been used to provide some experimental results for Datastrophic blog post about DRF. It is supposed that multiple instances of this framework should be run in parallel on the same cluster to observe DRF behavior when frameworks compete for resources. So main parameters for the framework are name (to distinguish it among others) and resources needed to run one task (cpu and memory). Invocation example:

  java -cp /throttle/throttle-framework.jar -Dexecutor.path=/throttle/drf-executor.sh io.datastrophic.mesos.drf.DRFDemoFramework \
  --mesos-master zk://zookeeper:2181/mesos \
  --framework-name 'Framework A' \
  --task-cpus 0.5 \
  --task-memory 512