Node.js express.js MongoDB JWT REST API - Basic Project Skeleton
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Hi! I'm Daniel Avellaneda, I'm an open source enthusiast and devote my free time to building projects in this field.
These projects are a "starter web app kit" for any developer who wants to build their own app without starting from scratch: API + Frontend
Both projects have been downloaded thousands of times by web developers around the world.
I'm doing my best to provide you a good experience when using my apps, so if you like what I'm doing and wish to say "thanks!", please buy me a coffee
Feel free to send me a tweet https://twitter.com/davellanedam, share this with others or make a pull request
- Multiple environment ready (development, production)
- Custom email/password user system with basic security and blocking for preventing brute force attacks.
- Compressed responses.
- Secured HTTP headers.
- CORS ready.
- Cache ready (Redis).
- HTTP request logger in development mode.
- i18n ready (for sending emails in multiple languages).
- User roles.
- Pagination ready.
- User profile.
- Users list for admin area.
- Cities model and controller example.
- Login access log with IP, browser and country location (for country it looks for the header
cf-ipcountrythat CloudFlare creates when protecting your website).
- API autogenerated documentation by Postman.
- API collection example for Postman.
- Testing with mocha/chai for API endpoints.
- NPM scripts for cleaning and seeding the MongoDB database.
- NPM script for keeping good source code formatting using prettier and ESLint.
- Use of ESLint for good coding practices.
- Mailer example with Nodemailer and Mailgun.
- Ability to refresh token
- JWT Tokens, make requests with a token after login with
Authorizationheader with value
yourTokenis the signed and encrypted token given in the response from the login process.
- Node.js 8+
- MongoDB 3.6+
- Redis 5.0+
A demo of this API is located at: https://api-demo.daniel-avellaneda.com
IMPORTANT: Database resets every 30 mins like "12:00am, 12:30am, 1:00am" and so on. So anything you do with the API will be lost after a short time.
Demo is also linked to a VueJS project that shows how this API can be integrated to a frontend that is able to consume an API.
Repo is here: https://github.com/davellanedam/vue-skeleton-mvp
Running demo is here: https://vue-demo.daniel-avellaneda.com
How to install
Using Git (recommended)
- Clone the project from github. Change "myproject" to your project name.
git clone https://github.com/davellanedam/node-express-mongodb-jwt-rest-api-skeleton.git ./myproject
Using manual download ZIP
- Download repository
- Uncompress to your desired directory
Install npm dependencies after installing (Git or manual download)
cd myproject npm install npm update
Setting up environments (development or production)
- In the root this repository you will find a file named
- Create a new file by copying and pasting the file and then renaming it to just
- The file
.envis already ignored, so you never commit your credentials.
- Change the values of the file to your environment (development or production)
- Upload the
.envto your environment server(development or production)
- If you use the postman collection to try the endpoints, change value of the variable
serveron your environment to the url of your server, for development mode use http://localhost:3000
IMPORTANT: By default token expires in 3 days (4320 minutes set in .env.example). You can refresh token at endpoint GET /token. If everything it´s ok you will get a new token.
To ensure the deliverability of emails sent by this API,
Mailgun is used for mailing users when they sign up, so if you want to use that feature go sign up at their website https://www.mailgun.com
If you want to try a different method it´s ok, I used https://nodemailer.com for this API and they have different transport methods like: smtp.
Language is automatically detected from
Accept-Language header on the request. So either you send locale manually on the request or your browser will send its default, if
Accept-Language header is not sent then it will use
en locale as default.
How to run
Database cleaning and seeding samples
There are 3 available commands for this:
npm run command
freshcleans and then seeds the database with dynamic data.
cleancleans the database.
seedseeds the database with dynamic data.
Running in development mode (lifting API server)
npm run dev
You will know server is running by checking the output of the command
npm run dev
**************************** * Starting Server * Port: 3000 * NODE_ENV: development * Database: MongoDB * DB Connection: OK ****************************
It´s a good practice to do tests at your code, so a sample of how to do that in
mocha/chai is also included in the
npm run test
Format your code with prettier by typing:
npm run format
Formatting markdown files
Format all your markdown files with remark by typing:
npm run remark
Lint your code with ESLint by typing:
npm run lint
Once everything is set up to test API routes either use Postman or any other api testing application. Default username/password combination for login is
Postman API example collection
You can import the example collection to Postman
If you use Postman please go to
manage environments and then create one for each of your servers (Ex. myApi-LOCAL, myApi-PRODUCTION).
On each of the environments you create you will need to:
- Create a new key
tokenvalue (the token you got from the login process), each time you make a request to the API it will send
Authorizationheader with the token value in the request, you can check this on the headers of users or cities endpoints in the Postman example.
- Create a second key
serverwith the url of your server, for development mode use http://localhost:3000
This is a REST API, so it works using the following HTTP methods:
- GET (Read): Gets a list of items, or a single item
- POST (Create): Creates an item
- PATCH (Update): Updates an item
- DELETE: Deletes an item
Creating new models
If you need to add more models to the project just create a new file in
/app/models/ and it will be loaded dynamically.
Creating new routes
If you need to add more routes to the project just create a new file in
/app/routes/ and it will be loaded dynamically.
Creating new controllers
When you create a new controller file, try to also create another file with validations. Ex.
countries.validate.js An example of this is included in the repository.
Bugs or improvements
Feel free to report any bugs or improvements. Pull requests are always welcome.
This project is open-sourced software licensed under the MIT License. See the LICENSE file for more information.