An example of releasing to Maven Central
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What is this?

It's a minimal a reference example for setting up your project to deploy to Maven Central.

This project is based on these instructions:

How do I use it?

There are two files of interest in this project:

  • pom.xml - a POM file that meets Maven Central requirements and defines a deployment configuration
  • settings.xml - a Maven user settings file that defines release deployment configuration

These are set up initially for you to test with a local Nexus instance, but also contain the Sonatype OSS repository information, commented out.

You'll also need to follow the instructions for setting up a Sonatype Jira account and creating a ticket here:

GPG key generation

Here's a terse summary of the GPG commands you'll need to generate and publish a key for signing your artifacts. For the full version, see

# is GPG installed?
gpg --version 

# Generate a key. If in doubt, accept defaluts. I'd recommend a 3072-bit key:
gpg --gen-key

# Check what was generated:
gpg --list-keys
gpg --list-secret-keys
# You should see:
# ... etc ...
# make a note of FFFFFFFF - this is your key ID

# Check for sub keys:
gpg --edit-key FFFFFFFF
# If any "sub" key says "usage: S", refer to the URL above for instructions on deleting it.

# Publish key:
gpg --keyserver hkp:// --send-keys FFFFFFFF

Test with a local Nexus

Try running with a local Nexus instance to get the hang of it:

The summary is:

 git tag -d 12345
 git push origin :refs/tags/12345 

Maven release process

Ensure your artifact version is a -SNAPSHOT, then run the following:

 mvn release:clean release:prepare
 mvn release:perform

For more options, including rolling back a release or cleaning up a failed release, see:

If you find that the release is deploying a SNAPSHOT version instead of the release artifact, it may be because the release process has changed since I first uploaded this project to Github. I've updated these instructions to match, so just check your release plugin configuration matches the example in this project.

Next steps

Once you're set up with Sonatype, have deployed your artifacts and commented on your Jira ticket, you'll need to follow these instructions in order to complete the process:

Here are the specific Maven instructions, including the nexus-staging-maven-plugin setup:

Good luck!

David Carboni