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The PHP media library: media processing and MIME-Type/extension guessing.
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README

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-- The PHP media library.

Synopsis
--------
Making media processing portable isn't easy. Retrieving meta data from
media through one of the thousand extensions is by times overwhelming.
Dealing with MIME-types is most often limited to magic lookup.

This library is concerned with three aspects of media and organized
accordingly:

- Processing of media
- Retrieving media metadata
- Determining a file's MIME-type

The set of \mm\Media\* classes provide abstractions from underlying
extensions or libraries and most common methods for operations like
resizing and conversion (even between i.e. PDFs, movies and images).

The \mm\Mime\Type class helps with determining the MIME-type or correct
extension of a file or stream. It comes with adapters for the fileinfo
extension, glob and magic databases from the freedesktop project, as well
as modmime style databases.

The files required to make MIME detection work autonomously (i.e. without
the fileinfo extension installed) are shipped with the library. You'll
find those files in the data directory. Please note that the MIME magic
implementation in pure PHP will always be a lot slower than the PHP
extensions in C and currently has to be considered experimental.

Features
--------
The most significant features of this library are:

- Full suit of unit and integration tests
- Battle tested and used in production since over 6 years
- PSR-0 and PSR-4 compatiblity
- Fast Freedesktop glob file parser implemented in pure PHP
- FFmpeg and SoX adapters for video and audio conversion

Copyright & License
-------------------
MM, the PHP media library is Copyright (c) 2007-2014 David Persson if
not otherwise stated. The code is distributed under the terms of the MIT
License. For the full license text see the LICENSE file.

Sponsors
--------
Features for this open source project can be sponsored. Have a look
at the SUPPORT file for more information.

The retrieval of unique colors in an image and the letterbox trimming
features have been sponsored by Atelier Disko (http://atelierdisko.de).

Versions & Requirements
-----------------------
Version 2.0.0, PHP >=5.5.0 (in progress)
Version 1.2.0, PHP >=5.5.0
Version 1.1.0, PHP >=5.3.0
Version 1.0.0, PHP >=5.2.1

The library is known to run fine under linux and darwin. Depending on
the adapters you are using you may need (this is a selection):

- ext/fileinfo
- ext/gd
- ghostscript
- ImageMagick
- ext/imagick >= 3.0.0
- FFmpeg >= 0.10.0, < 0.11.0
- SoX

Installation
------------
The preferred installation method is via composer. You can add the library
as a dependency via:

$ composer require davidpersson/mm

To bootstrap and pre-configure the library load the bootstrap file:

require /path/to/mm/bootstrap.php

Quickstart: MIME-type Detection
-------------------------------
Before we can use any of the classes we must configure them. The following
is just a minimal example. Have a look at the included `bootstrap.php` for
more information what's possible.

More documentation for MIME-type detection is available in the `docs`
subdirectory.

<?php
use mm\Mime\Type;

Type::config('glob', [
	'adapter' => 'Freedesktop',
	'file' => __DIR__ . '/data/glob.db'
]);
Type::config('magic', [
	'adapter' => 'Fileinfo'
]);
?>

Guess the MIME type of the file.

<?php
Type::guessType('example.png'); // returns 'image/png'
Type::guessType('/path/to/example.png'); // returns 'image/png'
Type::guessType(fopen('/path/to/example.png', 'r')); // returns 'image/png'
?>

Guess the extension (suffix) for an existing file or a MIME type.

<?php
Type::guessExtension('application/pdf'); // returns 'pdf'
Type::guessExtension('/path/to/example.png'); // returns 'png'
Type::guessExtension(fopen('/path/to/example.png', 'r')); // returns 'png'
?>

Determine the common lowercase media name, with and without hints from a
magic lookup.

<?php
Type::guessName('example.png'); // returns 'image'
Type::guessName('example.webm'); // returns 'video'
Type::guessName('application/pdf'); // returns 'document'
Type::guessName('/path/to/example.png'); // returns 'image'
Type::guessName(fopen('/path/to/example.png', 'r')); // returns 'image'
?>

Quickstart: Media Processing
----------------------------
First we configure the class.

<?php
use mm\Media\Process;

Process::config([
	'image' => 'Imagick',
	'video' => 'Ffmpeg'
]);
?>

A common task is to convert an image into another format, apply some
compression while ensuring it has the sRGB profile embbeded. We'll utilize
the factory method here which handles MIME-type detection of the source
file for us and returns an appropriate \mm\Media\Process\* class for us.

<?php
use mm\Media\Process;

$media = Process::factory(['source' => '/path/to/cat.png']);
// $media is now an instance of `\mm\Media\Process\Image`.

// Fit image into a square of 500 by 500px. More resizing methods like crop
// and zoom are available, too.
$media->fit(500, 500);

// We use the official ICC sRGB profile that comes with this library.
$media->colorProfile(__DIR__ . '/data/sRGB_IEC61966-2-1_black_scaled.icc');

// Reduce color depth.
$media->colorDepth(8);

// All but the `convert` method operate on the loaded source. `convert`
// instead returns a new `Image` object which must be used from now on.
$media = $media->convert('image/jpeg');

// Now we store the converted image.
$media->store('/path/to/cat_square.jpg');
?>

Using the `Ffmpeg` adapter we can transcode videos programmatically. Using
the `passthru` method we can access the adapter more or less directly.

<?php
use mm\Media\Process;

$media = Process::factory(['source' => '/path/to/dog.mp4']);
// $media is now an instance of `\mm\Media\Process\Video`.

// Resizing is the same as with operating on images. Here
// we resize to 720p HD.
$media->fit(1280, 720);

// We want to transcode to WEBM here.
$media = $media->convert('video/webm');

// We can tune the output accessing certain parameters of FFmpeg direcly.
$media->passthru('codec:a', 'libvorbis');
$media->passthru('codec:v', 'libvpx');
$media->passthru('b:a', '192k'); // audio bitrate
$media->passthru('b:v', '1024k); // video bitrate
$media->passthru('quality', 'good);

// Finally start transcoding and store file.
$media->store('/path/to/dog_720p.webm');
?>

Quickstart: Media Information
-----------------------------
First we configure the class.

<?php
use mm\Media\Info;

Info::config([
	'image' => ['ImageBasic', 'Imagick']
]);
?>

Getting information from an image. Information is assembled by all
configured adapters for the type.

<?php
$media = Info::factory(['source' => '/path/to/cat.png']);
// $media is now an instance of `\mm\Media\Info\Image`.

// The following showcases some basic methods.
$width      = $media->width();
$megapixel  = $media->megapixel();
$knownRatio = $media->knownRatio(); // may return 'Φ:1' (Goldener Schnitt).

// Get all available information as an array from the media. This is also
// a good method to give you an overview which data is possibly available
// using certain adapter combinations.
$meta = $media->all();
?>

Running the Tests
-----------------
This library is continously integrated. Please check the following URL
for information on the status of the latest builds:

http://travis-ci.org/#!/davidpersson/mm

Tests for this library are PHPUnit based. To run the tests you'll need
to have PHPUnit installed[1]. Following command will run all the tests.

$ phpunit

[1] http://www.phpunit.de/manual/current/en/installation.html

Documentation
-------------
Documentation is available in the `docs` directory.


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