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/* unexec() support for Cygwin;
complete rewrite of xemacs Cygwin unexec() code

Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU Emacs.

GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.

GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */

#include <config.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <lisp.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <a.out.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <assert.h>

#define DOTEXE ".exe"

extern int bss_sbrk_did_unexec;

/* emacs symbols that indicate where bss and data end for emacs internals */
extern char my_endbss[];
extern char my_edata[];

/*
** header for Windows executable files
*/
typedef struct
{
  FILHDR file_header;
  PEAOUTHDR file_optional_header;
  SCNHDR section_header[32];
} exe_header_t;

int debug_unexcw = 0;

/*
** Read the header from the executable into memory so we can more easily access it.
*/
static exe_header_t *
read_exe_header (int fd, exe_header_t * exe_header_buffer)
{
  int i;
  int ret;

  assert (fd >= 0);
  assert (exe_header_buffer != 0);

  ret = lseek (fd, 0L, SEEK_SET);
  assert (ret != -1);

  ret =
    read (fd, &exe_header_buffer->file_header,
sizeof (exe_header_buffer->file_header));
  assert (ret == sizeof (exe_header_buffer->file_header));

  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.e_magic == 0x5a4d);
  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.nt_signature == 0x4550);
  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.f_magic == 0x014c);
  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.f_nscns > 0);
  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.f_nscns <=
sizeof (exe_header_buffer->section_header) /
sizeof (exe_header_buffer->section_header[0]));
  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_header.f_opthdr > 0);

  ret =
    read (fd, &exe_header_buffer->file_optional_header,
sizeof (exe_header_buffer->file_optional_header));
  assert (ret == sizeof (exe_header_buffer->file_optional_header));

  assert (exe_header_buffer->file_optional_header.magic == 0x010b);

  for (i = 0; i < exe_header_buffer->file_header.f_nscns; ++i)
    {
      ret =
read (fd, &exe_header_buffer->section_header[i],
sizeof (exe_header_buffer->section_header[i]));
      assert (ret == sizeof (exe_header_buffer->section_header[i]));
    }

  return (exe_header_buffer);
}

/*
** Fix the dumped emacs executable:
**
** - copy .data section data of interest from running executable into
** output .exe file
**
** - convert .bss section into an initialized data section (like
** .data) and copy .bss section data of interest from running
** executable into output .exe file
*/
static void
fixup_executable (int fd)
{
  exe_header_t exe_header_buffer;
  exe_header_t *exe_header;
  int i;
  int ret;
  int found_data = 0;
  int found_bss = 0;

  exe_header = read_exe_header (fd, &exe_header_buffer);
  assert (exe_header != 0);

  assert (exe_header->file_header.f_nscns > 0);
  for (i = 0; i < exe_header->file_header.f_nscns; ++i)
    {
      unsigned long start_address =
exe_header->section_header[i].s_vaddr +
exe_header->file_optional_header.ImageBase;
      unsigned long end_address =
exe_header->section_header[i].s_vaddr +
exe_header->file_optional_header.ImageBase +
exe_header->section_header[i].s_paddr;
      if (debug_unexcw)
printf ("%8s start 0x%08x end 0x%08x\n",
exe_header->section_header[i].s_name,
start_address, end_address);
      if (my_edata >= (char *) start_address
&& my_edata < (char *) end_address)
{
/* data section */
ret =
lseek (fd, (long) (exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr),
SEEK_SET);
assert (ret != -1);
ret =
write (fd, (char *) start_address,
my_edata - (char *) start_address);
assert (ret == my_edata - (char *) start_address);
++found_data;
if (debug_unexcw)
printf (" .data, mem start 0x%08x mem length %d\n",
start_address, my_edata - (char *) start_address);
if (debug_unexcw)
printf (" .data, file start %d file length %d\n",
(int) exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr,
(int) exe_header->section_header[i].s_paddr);
}
      else if (my_endbss >= (char *) start_address
&& my_endbss < (char *) end_address)
{
/* bss section */
++found_bss;
if (exe_header->section_header[i].s_flags & 0x00000080)
{
/* convert uninitialized data section to initialized data section */
struct stat statbuf;
ret = fstat (fd, &statbuf);
assert (ret != -1);

exe_header->section_header[i].s_flags &= ~0x00000080;
exe_header->section_header[i].s_flags |= 0x00000040;

exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr =
(statbuf.st_size +
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment) /
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment *
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment;

exe_header->section_header[i].s_size =
(exe_header->section_header[i].s_paddr +
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment) /
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment *
exe_header->file_optional_header.FileAlignment;

ret =
lseek (fd,
(long) (exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr +
exe_header->section_header[i].s_size - 1),
SEEK_SET);
assert (ret != -1);
ret = write (fd, "", 1);
assert (ret == 1);

ret =
lseek (fd,
(long) ((char *) &exe_header->section_header[i] -
(char *) exe_header), SEEK_SET);
assert (ret != -1);
ret =
write (fd, &exe_header->section_header[i],
sizeof (exe_header->section_header[i]));
assert (ret == sizeof (exe_header->section_header[i]));
if (debug_unexcw)
printf (" seek to %ld, write %d\n",
(long) ((char *) &exe_header->section_header[i] -
(char *) exe_header),
sizeof (exe_header->section_header[i]));
}
/* write initialized data section */
ret =
lseek (fd, (long) (exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr),
SEEK_SET);
assert (ret != -1);
ret =
write (fd, (char *) start_address,
my_endbss - (char *) start_address);
assert (ret == (my_endbss - (char *) start_address));
if (debug_unexcw)
printf (" .bss, mem start 0x%08x mem length %d\n",
start_address, my_endbss - (char *) start_address);
if (debug_unexcw)
printf (" .bss, file start %d file length %d\n",
(int) exe_header->section_header[i].s_scnptr,
(int) exe_header->section_header[i].s_paddr);
}
    }
  assert (found_bss == 1);
  assert (found_data == 1);
}

/*
** Windows likes .exe suffixes on executables.
*/
static char *
add_exe_suffix_if_necessary (const char *name, char *modified)
{
  int i = strlen (name);
  if (i <= (sizeof (DOTEXE) - 1))
    {
      sprintf (modified, "%s%s", name, DOTEXE);
    }
  else if (!strcasecmp (name + i - (sizeof (DOTEXE) - 1), DOTEXE))
    {
      strcpy (modified, name);
    }
  else
    {
      sprintf (modified, "%s%s", name, DOTEXE);
    }
  return (modified);
}

int
unexec (char *outfile, char *infile, unsigned start_data, unsigned d1,
unsigned d2)
{
  char infile_buffer[FILENAME_MAX];
  char outfile_buffer[FILENAME_MAX];
  int fd_in;
  int fd_out;
  int ret;
  int ret2;

  if (bss_sbrk_did_unexec)
    {
      /* can only dump once */
      printf ("You can only dump Emacs once on this platform.\n");
      return (1);
    }

  report_sheap_usage (1);

  infile = add_exe_suffix_if_necessary (infile, infile_buffer);
  outfile = add_exe_suffix_if_necessary (outfile, outfile_buffer);

  fd_in = open (infile, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);
  assert (fd_in >= 0);
  fd_out = open (outfile, O_RDWR | O_TRUNC | O_CREAT | O_BINARY, 0755);
  assert (fd_out >= 0);
  for (;;)
    {
      char buffer[4096];
      ret = read (fd_in, buffer, sizeof (buffer));
      if (ret == 0)
{
/* eof */
break;
}
      assert (ret > 0);
      /* data */
      ret2 = write (fd_out, buffer, ret);
      assert (ret2 == ret);
    }
  ret = close (fd_in);
  assert (ret == 0);

  bss_sbrk_did_unexec = 1;
  fixup_executable (fd_out);
  bss_sbrk_did_unexec = 0;

  ret = close (fd_out);
  assert (ret == 0);

  return (0);
}

/* arch-tag: fc44f6c3-ca0a-45e0-a5a2-58b6101b1e65
(do not change this comment) */
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