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Kan

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Simple functional authorization library for ruby. Inspired by transproc and dry project

Table of context

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'kan'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install kan

Usage

See User Documentation page

Basic Usage

Register abilities

class Post::Abilities
  include Kan::Abilities

  register('read') { |_, _| true }
  register('edit') { |user, post| user.id == post.user_id }
  register('delete') { |_, _| false }
end

Also, you can register more than one ability in one place and use string or symbol keys:

class Post::AdminAbilities
  include Kan::Abilities

  register(:read, :edit, :delete) { |user, _| user.admin? }
end

class Comments::Abilities
  include Kan::Abilities

  register('read') { |_, _| true }
  register('edit') { |user, _| user.admin? }

  register(:delete) do |user, comment|
    user.id == comment.user_id && comment.created_at < Time.now + TEN_MINUTES
  end
end

Check abilities

abilities = Kan::Application.new(
  post: Post::Abilities.new,
  comment: Comments::Abilities.new
)

abilities['post.read'].call(current_user, post) # => true
abilities['post.delete'].call(current_user, post) # => false
abilities['comment.delete'].call(current_user, post) # => false

Default ability block

By default Kan use proc { true } as a default ability block:

abilities['comment.invalid'].call(current_user, post) # => true

But you can rewrite it

admin_abilities = Kan::Application.new(
  post: Post::AdminAbilities.new(default_ability_block: proc { false }),
  comment: Comments::Abilities.new,
)

admin_abilities['post.delete'].call(current_user, post)  # => false
admin_abilities['post.delete'].call(admin_user, post)    # => true
admin_abilities['post.invalid'].call(current_user, post) # => false

List of abilities

You can provide array of abilities for each scope and Kan will return true if at least one ability return true:

global_abilities = Kan::Application.new(
  post: [Post::Abilities.new, Post::AdminAbilities.new],
  comment: Comments::Abilities.new
)

global_abilities['post.edit'].call(current_user, post) # => false
global_abilities['post.edit'].call(owner_user, post)   # => true
global_abilities['post.edit'].call(admin_user, post)   # => true

Aliases

You can use strings or symbols and then use it as name of ability

class Post::Abilities
  include Kan::Abilities

  register(:edit) { |_, _| true }
  register_alias(:correct, 'edit')
end

abilities = Kan::Application.new(
  post: Post::Abilities.new
)

abilities['post.correct'].call(current_user, post) # => true

Callback

You can provide callable object (that respond to #call) that accepts ability_name and payload params to after_call_callback param of your ability:

admin_abilities = Kan::Application.new(
  post: Post::AdminAbilities.new(after_call_callback: -> (ability_name, payload) { ... }),
  comment: Comments::Abilities.new,
)

admin_abilities['post.read'].call(current_user, post) # => false

Your object will be executed after calling ability.

Contributing

Code and features

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/davydovanton/kan. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

Docs

Just send PR with changes in docs/ folder.

How to instal the project

Just clone repository and call:

$ bundle install
$ bundle exec rspec

Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute.

Backers

Thank you to all our backers! 🙏 [Become a backer]

Sponsors

Support this project by becoming a sponsor. Your logo will show up here with a link to your website. [Become a sponsor]

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

Code of Conduct

Everyone interacting in the Kan project’s codebases, issue trackers, chat rooms and mailing lists is expected to follow the code of conduct.

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Simple, functional authorization library and role management for ruby

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