vagrant-ansible was inspired by Sous Chef, and borrowed a bit of its documentation.
How it works
With vagrant-ansible, you use Vagrant and a locally running VirtualBox VM to develop and test your playbooks. vagrant-ansible can use any collection of playbooks you are using for commercial projects or anything else.
With vagrant-ansible, you provision a locally running virtual machine managed by Vagrant in just one command. The process is set up to shorten the feedback loop:
- Modify your playbook plays (or templates/files in them)
- Run provisioning
- See and verify the result
- Rinse and repeat
Once you are done with your playbooks, just push them to a source control repository or rsync them to your server. Then destroy VM environment you were using in one command. Or just power off the VM and come back to work with it later.
Getting started with vagrant-ansible
First install VirtualBox 4.1.x:
Install ansible using the instructions on the ansible homepage
Then install the vagrant gem:
gem install vagrant --version ">= 1.0"
Then install the vagrant-ansible gem:
gem install vagrant-ansible
Create a playbook or just clone an existing repository:
git clone https://github.com/cocoy/ansible-playbooks.git
Now change into the ansible-playbooks directory and download the example Vagrantfile:
cd ansible-playbooks wget https://raw.github.com/dsander/vagrant-ansible/master/Vagrantfile.sample -O Vagrantfile
Before you can run your playbook for the first time, you have to change the remote user to 'vagrant' in your playbook. This is necessary because the user specified in the playbook can not be overridden via command line options.
.... - hosts: web-servers user: vagrant .....
Create a 32-bit Ubuntu virtual machine you will be developing playbooks in:
You will notice that the VM is automatically created, and nginx-ubuntu playbook is executed.
Have a look at your Vagrantfile, it will look like this:
Vagrant::Config.run do |config| config.vm.box = "oneiric32_base" config.vm.box_url = "http://files.travis-ci.org/boxes/bases/oneiric32_base.box" config.vm.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--memory", "512"] # This is only necessary if your CPU does not support VT-x or you run virtualbox # inside virtualbox config.vm.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--vtxvpid", "off"] # You can adjust this to the amount of CPUs your system has available config.vm.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpus", "1"] config.vm.provision :ansible do |ansible| # point Vagrant at the location of your playbook you want to run ansible.playbook = "nginx-ubuntu.yml" # the Vagrant VM will be put in this host group change this should # match the host group in your playbook you want to test ansible.hosts = "web-servers" end end
You can now change the playbook to run, or create new tasks in it. To rerun, the provisioning just run:
Once provisioning finishes, ssh into the VM to check what the environment looks like:
When you are done with your work on the cookbook you can either power off the VM to use it later with
or destroy it completely with
(The MIT License)
Copyright (c) 2012 Dominik Sander
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
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