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README.rst

django-static-compiler

This project is no longer maintained

A static files compiler (JavaScript, CSS, et all) which aims to solve two things:

  1. Distributed compressed and uncompresed files with third party applications.
  2. Simple compression of project-wide static files.

Many projects solve the second item, but they're unfortunately not compatible (and/or very hard to make so) with sourcemap generation.

Compiled Distributions

Static files are stored relative to their configuration root:

[site-packages]/sentry/static/sentry/js/foo.js
[site-packages]/sentry/static/sentry/js/bar.js
[site-packages]/otherapp/static/otherapp/css/bar.css

Each application would be compiled independently, based on its own configuration, and you'd end up with something like the following:

[site-packages]/sentry/static/sentry/dist/js/all.min.js
[site-packages]/otherapp/static/otherapp/dist/css/bar.min.css

Eventually these would be collected (using standard staticfiles) in your project static directory.

Application Configuration

You'll need to add the library to both your INSTALLED_APPS and STATICFILES_FINDERS:

STATICFILES_FINDERS = (
    "django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.FileSystemFinder",
    "django.contrib.staticfiles.finders.AppDirectoriesFinder",
    "static_compiler.finders.StaticCompilerFinder",
)

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    # ...
    "static_compiler",
)

Configuration is handled via the STATIC_BUNDLES setting, in settings.py.

An example configuration might look like this:

STATIC_BUNDLES = {
    "cache": "CACHE",
    "packages": {
        "sentry/scripts/global.min.js": {
            "src": [
                "sentry/scripts/core.js",
                "sentry/scripts/models.js",
                "sentry/scripts/templates.js",
                "sentry/scripts/utils.js",
                "sentry/scripts/collections.js",
                "sentry/scripts/charts.js",
                "sentry/scripts/views.js",
                "sentry/scripts/app.js",
            ],
        },
        "sentry/styles/global.min.css": {
            "src": {
                "sentry/less/sentry.less": "sentry/styles/sentry.css",
            },
        },
    },
    "postcompilers": {
        "*.js": ["node_modules/uglify-js/bin/uglifyjs {input} --source-map-root={relroot}/ --source-map-url={name}.map{ext} --source-map={relpath}/{name}.map{ext} -o {output}"],
    },
    "preprocessors": {
        "*.less": ["node_modules/less/bin/lessc {input} {output}"],
    },
}

There are the following top level attributes:

cache
The directory name to store the compiler's cached files in. This is relative to STATIC_ROOT, and is only used for compiling files.
packages
A mapping of bunches to their options (options can include top level options as well)
precompilers
A mapping of input grep patterns to a list of (ordered) commands to execute on files in all situations (including DEBUG use).
postcompilers
A mapping of input grep patterns to a list of (ordered) commands to execute on files which are designated for distribution (e.g. not DEBUG use).

The packages attribute accepts the following:

src
A list or mapping of source files to include in this bunch. If the value is a mapping the key is the input file, and the value is the output file.

We'd make several variables available to post- and precompilers:

input
absolute path to input file
output
absolute path to output file -- if not present will fetch from stdout
ext
output extension (e.g. .js)
name
extensionless filename from output (e.g. bundle)
filename
full output filename (e.g. bundle.js)
path
full output dir path (e.g. foo/bar)
relroot
the relative path to the STATIC_ROOT. e.g. ../../..
root
the value of STATIC_ROOT

Staticfiles Collection and Compiliation

The process currently looks like this:

  • django-admin.py compilestatic
  • django-admin.py collectstatic

Pre-Processors

A pre-processor will always be run. This is nearly always a requirement as things like LESS files have to be processed befor they can be served in a browser.

When pre-processing happens each input file is transformed to an output file (using the standard versioning scheme). For example, if I had a bunch that included foo.less and bar.less, each would be compiled separately, and I'd end up with two output files: foo.css, and bar.css.

The first pre-processor will change the input filename to be the expected output filename, and the following processors will be passed that to work with.

Post-Compilers

A post-compiler runs on pre-processed inputs and is expected to concatenate the results together into a unified file.

For example, if it runs against foo.js and bar.js, it will output bundle.js.

Each post-compiler must be able to accept 1+ inputs, and he first post-compilers will be responsible for combining files and the resulting file will be passed to the additional compilers.

If no post-compilers happen, the result would be similar to the following: cat [input, input, input] > output

Template Usage

Specify the relative path to the bunch name (relative to the static root):

{% load static_compiler %}

{% staticbundle 'bundle.js' %}

You can also specify attributes, such as mimetype:

{% staticbundle 'bundle.foo' mimetype='text/css' media='screen' %}

If we're in DEBUG / development mode and 'bundle.js' is defined in STATIC_BUNDLES:

  1. Determines if it needs to recompile any files (based on its last modified time)
  2. Serves the preprocessed but not compiled files (turning this into many html tags).

Otherwise:

  1. Serve bundle.js (assumed to exist)

In general it simply acts as a proxy to the Django {% static %} templatetag with the inclusion of script/link/etc HTML tags.

Distributing Staticfiles with your Library

The flow would be just like in your project. You'd start by defining STATIC_BUNDLES (in a build_settings.py, or something along the lines), and then you'd simply do the following (pre-commit?):

django-admin.py --settings=build_settings.py compilestatic