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;;; -*- Mode: LISP; Syntax: COMMON-LISP; Package: CL-USER; Base: 10 -*-
;;; This software is Copyright (c) Stefan Scholl, 2004.
;;; Stefan Scholl grants you the rights to distribute
;;; and use this software as governed by the terms
;;; of the Lisp Lesser GNU Public License
;;; (,
;;; known as the LLGPL.
;;; Parts of the source are taken from LSP, written by
;;; John Wiseman and copyright 2001, 2002 I/NET Inc.
;;; (
;;; See lsp-LICENSE.txt
(in-package :cl-emb)
(defpackage :cl-emb-intern (:use :cl))
(defvar *function-package* (find-package :cl-emb-intern)
"Package the emb function body gets interned to.")
(defvar *debug* nil
"Debugging for CL-EMB.")
(defvar *locking-function* nil
"Function to call to lock access to an internal hash table. Must accept
a function designator which must be called with the lock hold.")
(defmacro with-lock (&body body)
"Locking all accesses to *functions*"
`(cond (*locking-function*
(funcall *locking-function* #'(lambda () ,@body)))
(t ,@body)))
(defgeneric execute-emb (name &key env generator-maker)
(:documentation "Execute named emb code. Returns a string. Keyword parameter ENV
to pass objects to the code. ENV must be a plist."))
(defmethod execute-emb ((name string) &key env generator-maker)
(funcall (get-emb-function name) :env env :generator-maker generator-maker :name name))
(defmethod execute-emb ((name pathname) &key env generator-maker)
(let ((fun (or (get-emb-function name)
(emb-function-function (register-emb name name)))))
(funcall fun :env env :generator-maker generator-maker :name name)))
(defvar *functions* (make-hash-table :test #'equal)
"Table mapping names to emb-function instances.")
(defclass emb-function ()
((path :initarg :path
:accessor emb-function-path)
(time :initarg :time
:accessor emb-function-time)
(function :initarg :function
:accessor emb-function-function)
(form :initarg :form
:initform nil
:accessor emb-function-form)))
(defun make-emb-function (path time function &optional form)
"Constructor for class EMB-FUNCTION."
(make-instance 'emb-function
:path path
:time time
:function function
:form form))
(defun pprint-emb-function (name)
"DEBUG function. Pretty prints function form, if *DEBUG* was t
when the function was registered."
(pprint (emb-function-form (gethash name *functions*)))))
(defun clear-emb-all ()
"Remove all registered emb code."
(clrhash *functions*)))
(defun clear-emb (name)
"Remove named emb code."
(remhash name *functions*)))
(defun clear-emb-all-files ()
"Remove all registered file emb code (registered/executed by a pathname)."
(maphash (lambda (key value) (declare (ignore value))
(when (typep key 'pathname) (remhash key *functions*)))
(defun get-emb-function (name)
"Returns the named function implementing a registered emb code.
Rebuilds it when text template was a file which has been modified."
(let* ((emb-function (gethash name *functions*))
(path (when emb-function (emb-function-path emb-function))))
(cond ((and (not (typep name 'pathname)) (null emb-function))
(error "Function ~S not found." name))
((null emb-function)
(return-from get-emb-function))
((and path
(> (file-write-date path) (emb-function-time emb-function)))
;; Update when file is newer
(multiple-value-bind (function form)
(construct-emb-function (contents-of-file path))
(setf (emb-function-time emb-function) (file-write-date path)
(emb-function-function emb-function) function
(emb-function-form emb-function) form))))
(emb-function-function emb-function))))
(defgeneric register-emb (name code)
(:documentation "Register given CODE as NAME."))
(defmethod register-emb (name (code pathname))
(multiple-value-bind (function form)
(construct-emb-function (contents-of-file code))
(setf (gethash name *functions*)
(make-emb-function code
(file-write-date code)
(defmethod register-emb (name (code string))
(multiple-value-bind (function form)
(construct-emb-function code)
(setf (gethash name *functions*)
(make-emb-function nil
(defvar *emb-start-marker* "<%"
"Start of scriptlet or expression. Remember that a following #\=
indicates an expression.")
(defvar *emb-end-marker* "%>"
"End of scriptlet or expression.")
(defparameter *set-special-list*
'(("escape" . "cl-emb:*escape-type*")))
(defparameter *set-parameter-list*
'(("xml" . ":xml")
("html" . ":html")
("url" . ":url")
("uri" . ":uri")
("url-encode" . ":url-encode")
("raw" . ":raw")))
;; TODO: Refactor! Looks a bit clumsy.
(defun set-specials (match registers)
"Parse parameter(s) of @set and set special variables
like e. g. *ESCAPE-TYPE*."
;; <% @set escape=xml schnuffel=poe %>
(declare (ignore match))
(let ((setf-pairs
(let ((setf-list nil))
(dolist (pair (cl-ppcre:split "\\s+" (first registers))
(when (first setf-list)
(format nil "~{ ~A~}" (reverse setf-list))))
(destructuring-bind (left right)
(cl-ppcre:split "=" pair)
(let ((place (rest (assoc left *set-special-list* :test #'equalp)))
(value (rest (assoc right *set-parameter-list* :test #'equalp))))
(when (and place value)
(push (concatenate 'string place " " value) setf-list))))))))
(if setf-pairs
(format nil "(setf ~A)" setf-pairs)
(defparameter *template-tag-expand*
`(("\\s+@if\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (cond ((cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\") ")
("\\s+@else\\s*" . " ) (t ")
("\\s+@endif\\s*" . " )) ")
("\\s+@unless\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (cond ((not (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\")) ")
("\\s+@endunless\\s*" . " )) ")
. "= (cl-emb::echo (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\") :\\2 :\\3) ")
("=?\\s+@var\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . "= (cl-emb::echo (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\")) ")
("\\s+@repeat\\s+(\\d+)\\s*" . " (dotimes (i \\1) ")
("\\s+@repeat\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (dotimes (i (or (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\") 0)) ")
("\\s+@endrepeat\\s*" . " ) ")
("\\s+@loop\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (dolist (env (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\")) ")
("\\s+@endloop\\s*" . " ) ")
("\\s+@genloop\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (let ((env)
(%gen (funcall generator-maker :\\1
(cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\"))))
(when (funcall %gen :test) (return))
(setq env (funcall %gen :next))
(progn ")
("\\s+@endgenloop\\s*" . " ))) ")
("\\s+@with\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . " (let ((env (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\"))) ")
("\\s+@endwith\\s*" . " ) ")
("\\s+@include\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . "= (let ((cl-emb:*escape-type* cl-emb:*escape-type*))
(cl-emb:execute-emb (merge-pathnames \"\\1\" template-path-default) :env env :generator-maker generator-maker)) ")
("\\s+@call\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . "= (let ((cl-emb:*escape-type* cl-emb:*escape-type*))
(cl-emb:execute-emb \"\\1\" :env env :generator-maker generator-maker)) ")
("\\s+@insert\\s+(\\S+)\\s*" . "= (cl-emb::contents-of-file (merge-pathnames (cl-emb::getf-emb \"\\1\") template-path-default)) ")
("\\s+@set\\s+(.*?)\\s*" . ,(function set-specials))
"List of conses. FIRST is regex, REST replacement (STRING or FUNCTION).
Functions get called with two parameters: match and list of registers.")
;; Code from Edi Weitz's TBNL <>
(defun escape-for-xml (string)
(with-output-to-string (out)
(with-input-from-string (in string)
(loop for char = (read-char in nil nil)
while char
do (case char
((#\<) (write-string "&lt;" out))
((#\>) (write-string "&gt;" out))
((#\") (write-string "&quot;" out))
((#\') (write-string "&#39;" out))
((#\&) (write-string "&amp;" out))
(otherwise (write-char char out)))))))
;; Inspired by Edi Weitz' ESCAPE-FOR-HTML
(defun url-encode (string)
"URL-encode a string."
(with-output-to-string (out)
(with-input-from-string (in string)
(loop for char = (read-char in nil nil)
while char
if (find char "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789_-.")
do (write-char char out)
else if (char= char #\Space)
do (write-char #\+ out)
do (format out "%~2,'0x" (char-code char))))))
(defun string-to-keyword (string)
"Interns a given STRING uppercased in the keyword package."
(nth-value 0 (intern (string-upcase string) :keyword)))
(defmacro getf-emb (key)
"Search either plist TOPENV or ENV according to the search path in KEY. KEY
is a string."
(let ((plist (if (char= (char key 0) #\/)
(find-symbol "TOPENV" emb:*function-package*)
(find-symbol "ENV" emb:*function-package*)))
(path-parts (cl-ppcre:split "/" key :sharedp t)))
(labels ((dig-plist (plist keys)
(if (null keys)
(if (zerop (length (first keys)))
`(getf ,plist ,(string-to-keyword (first keys))))
(rest keys)))))
(dig-plist plist path-parts))))
(defvar *escape-type* :raw
"Default value for escaping @var output.")
(defun echo (string &key (escape *escape-type*))
"Emit given STRING. Escape if wanted (global or via ESCAPE keyword).
STRING can be NIL."
(let ((str (or string "")))
(case escape
((:html :xml)
(escape-for-xml str))
((:url :uri :url-encode)
(url-encode str))
(otherwise ; incl. :raw
(defun insert-file (filename)
"Get given file FILENAME."
(contents-of-file filename))
(defmethod make-replace ((replacement string))
"Make replacement string for PPCRE:REGEX-REPLACE-ALL"
(concatenate 'string
(let ((scanner-hash (make-hash-table :test #'equal)))
(defun scanner-for-expand-template-tag (tag)
"Returns a CL-PPCRE scanner which matches a template tag expanded by EXPAND-TEMPLATE-TAGS.
Scanners are memoized in SCANNER-HASH once they are created."
(or (gethash tag scanner-hash)
(setf (gethash tag scanner-hash)
(ppcre:create-scanner tag))))
(defun clear-expand-template-tag-hash ()
"Removes all scanners for template tags from cache."
(clrhash scanner-hash)))
(defmethod make-replace ((replacement function))
"Make replacement function for PPCRE:REGEX-REPLACE-ALL"
(lambda (match &rest registers)
(concatenate 'string
(funcall replacement match registers)
(defun expand-template-tags (string)
"Expand template-tags (@if, @else, ...) to Common Lisp.
Replacement and regex in *TEMPLATE-TAG-EXPAND*"
(labels ((expand-tags (string &optional (expands *template-tag-expand*))
(let ((regex (scanner-for-expand-template-tag (concatenate 'string
(ppcre:quote-meta-chars *emb-start-marker*)
(first (first expands))
(ppcre:quote-meta-chars *emb-end-marker*))))
(replacement (make-replace (rest (first expands)))))
(if (null (rest expands))
(ppcre:regex-replace-all regex string replacement :simple-calls t)
(ppcre:regex-replace-all regex string replacement :simple-calls t)
(rest expands))))))
;; First remove code within comments
(scanner-for-expand-template-tag (concatenate 'string "(?is)" (ppcre:quote-meta-chars *emb-start-marker*)
"#.*?#" (ppcre:quote-meta-chars *emb-end-marker*)))
string ""))))
(defun construct-emb-function (code)
"Builds and compiles the emb-function."
(let ((form
`,(let ((*package* *function-package*))
(format nil "(lambda (&key env generator-maker name)(declare (ignorable env generator-maker))
(let ((topenv env)
(template-path-default (if (typep name 'pathname) name *default-pathname-defaults*)))
(declare (ignorable topenv template-path-default))
(with-output-to-string (*standard-output*)
(progn ~A))))"
(expand-template-tags code)))))))
(values (compile nil form)
(when *debug* form))))
(defun contents-of-file (pathname)
"Returns a string with the entire contents of the specified file."
(with-open-file (in pathname :direction :input)
;; See
(let* ((file-length (file-length in))
(seq (make-string file-length))
(pos (read-sequence seq in)))
(if (< pos file-length)
(subseq seq 0 pos)
;; (i) Converts text outside <% ... %> tags into calls
;; to WRITE-STRING, (ii) Text inside <% ... %>
;; ("scriptlets") is straight lisp code, (iii) Text inside <%= ... %>
;; ("expressions") becomes the argument to (FORMAT t "~A" ...)
;; The markers <% and %> can be overridden by setting
;; *emb-start-marker* and *emb-end-marker*
(defun construct-emb-body-string (code &optional (start 0))
"Takes a string containing an emb code and returns a string
containing the lisp code that implements that emb code."
(multiple-value-bind (start-tag start-code tag-type)
(next-code code start)
(if (not start-tag)
(format nil "(write-string ~S)" (subseq code start))
(let ((end-code (search *emb-end-marker* code :start2 start-code)))
(if (not end-code)
(error "EOF reached in EMB inside open '~A' tag." *emb-start-marker*)
(format nil "(write-string ~S) ~A ~A"
(subseq code start start-tag)
(format nil (tag-template tag-type)
(subseq code start-code end-code))
(+ end-code (length *emb-end-marker*)))))))))
;; Finds the next scriptlet or expression tag in EMB source. Returns
;; nil if none are found, otherwise returns 3 values:
;; 1. The position of the first character of the start tag.
;; 2. The position of the contents of the tag.
;; 3. The type of tag (:scriptlet or :expression).
(defun next-code (string start)
(let ((start-tag (search *emb-start-marker* string :start2 start)))
(if (not start-tag)
(if (and (> (length string) (+ start-tag (length *emb-start-marker*)))
(eql (char string (+ start-tag (length *emb-start-marker*)))
(values start-tag
(+ start-tag 1 (length *emb-start-marker*))
(values start-tag
(+ start-tag (length *emb-start-marker*))
;; Given a tag type (:scriptlet or :expression), returns a format
;; string to be used to generate source code from the contents of the
;; tag.
(defun tag-template (tag-type)
(ecase tag-type
((:scriptlet) "~A")
((:expression) "(format t \"~~A\" ~A)")))
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