A robust two way (bidirectional) file sync script based on rsync with fault tolerance, ACL support and time control
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README.md

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A two way filesync script running on bash Linux, BSD, Android, MacOSX, Cygwin, MSYS2, Win10 bash and virtually any system supporting bash). File synchronization is bidirectional, and can be run manually, as scheduled task, or triggered on file changes in daemon mode. It is a command line tool rsync wrapper with a lot of additional features baked in.

This is a quickstart guide, you can find the full documentation on the author's site.

About

osync provides the following capabilities

  • Local-Local and Local-Remote sync
  • Fault tolerance with resume scenarios
  • File ACL and extended attributes synchronization
  • Full script Time control
  • Soft deletions and multiple backups handling
  • Before / after run command execution
  • Email alerts
  • Logging facility
  • Directory monitoring
  • Running on schedule or as daemon
  • Batch runner for multiple sync tasks with rerun option for failed sync tasks

osync is a stateful synchronizer. This means it's agentless and doesn't have to monitor files for changes. Instead, it compares replica file lists between two runs. A full run takes about 2 seconds on a local-local replication and about 7 seconds on a local-remote replication. Disabling some features file like attributes preservation and disk space checks may speed up execution. osync uses a initiator / target sync schema. It can sync local to local or local to remote directories. By definition, initiator replica is always a local directory on the system osync runs on. osync uses pidlocks to prevent multiple concurrent sync processes on/to the same initiator / target replica. You may launch concurrent sync processes on the same system but as long as the replicas to synchronize are different. Multiple osync tasks may be launched sequentially by osync osync-batch tool.

Currently, it has been tested on CentOS 5.x, 6.x, 7.x, Fedora 22-25, Debian 6-8, Linux Mint 14-18, Ubuntu 12.04-12.10, FreeBSD 8.3-11, Mac OS X and pfSense 2.3.x. Microsoft Windows is supported via MSYS or Cygwin and now via Windows 10 bash. Android support works via Termux. Some users also have successfully used osync on Gentoo and created an openRC init scriptt for it.

Installation

osync has been designed to not delete any data, but rather make backups of conflictual files or soft deletes. Nevertheless, you should always have a neat backup of your data before trying a new sync tool.

You may get osync on the author's site (stable version) or on github (stable or latest dev snapshot) Getting osync via author's site on http://www.netpower.fr/osync

$ wget http://www.netpower.fr/projects/osync/osync.v1.2.tar.gz
$ tar xvf osync.v1.2.tar.gz

Getting osync via github (remove the -b "stable" if you want latest dev snapshot)

$ git clone -b "stable" https://github.com/deajan/osync
$ cd osync
$ bash install.sh

Installer script accepts some parameters for automation. Launch install.sh --help for options.

There is also a RPM file that should fit RHEL/CentOS/Fedora and basically any RPM based distro, see the github release. Please note that RPM files will install osync to /usr/bin instead of /usr/local/bin in order to enforce good practices.

osync will install itself to /usr/local/bin and an example configuration file will be installed to /etc/osync

osync needs to run with bash shell. Using any other shell will most probably result in errors. If bash is not your default shell, you may invoke it using

$ bash osync.sh [options]

On *BSD and BusyBox, be sure to have bash installed.

If you can't install osync, you may just copy osync.sh where you needed and run it from there.

Archlinux packages are available at https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/osync/ (thanks to Shadowigor, https://github.com/shadowigor)

Upgrade from previous configuration files

Since osync v1.1 the config file format has changed in semantics and adds new config options. Also, master is now called initiator and slave is now called target. osync v1.2 also added multiple new configuration options.

You can upgrade all v1.0x-v1.2-dev config files by running the upgrade script

$ ./upgrade-v1.0x-v1.2x.sh /etc/osync/your-config-file.conf

The script will backup your config file, update it's content and try to connect to initiator and target replicas to update the state dir.

Usage

Osync can work with in three flavors: Quick sync mode, configuration file mode, and daemon mode. While quick sync mode is convenient to do fast syncs between some directories, a configuration file gives much more functionnality. Please use double quotes as path delimiters. Do not use escaped characters in path names.

QuickSync example

# osync.sh --initiator="/path/to/dir1" --target="/path/to/remote dir2"
# osync.sh --initiator="/path/to/another dir" --target="ssh://user@host.com:22//path/to/dir2" --rsakey=/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa_private_key_example.com

Summary mode

osync may output only file changes and errors with the following

# osync.sh --initiator="/path/to/dir1" --target="/path/to/dir" --summary --errors-only --no-prefix

This also works in configuration file mode.

QuickSync with minimal options

In order to run osync the quickest (without transferring file attributes, without softdeletion, without prior space checks and without remote connectivity checks, you may use the following:

# MINIMUM_SPACE=0 PRESERVE_ACL=no PRESERVE_XATTR=no SOFT_DELETE_DAYS=0 CONFLICT_BACKUP_DAYS=0 REMOTE_HOST_PING=no osync.sh --initiator="/path/to/another dir" --target="ssh://user@host.com:22//path/to/dir2" --rsakey=/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa_private_key_example.com

All the settings described here may also be configured in the conf file.

Running osync with a Configuration file

You'll have to customize the sync.conf file according to your needs. If you intend to sync a remote directory, osync will need a pair of private / public RSA keys to perform remote SSH connections. Also, running sync as superuser requires to configure /etc/sudoers file. Please read the documentation about remote sync setups. Once you've customized a sync.conf file, you may run osync with the following test run:

# osync.sh /path/to/your.conf --dry

If everything went well, you may run the actual configuration with one of the following:

# osync.sh /path/to/your.conf
# osync.sh /path/to/your.conf --verbose
# osync.sh /path/to/your.conf --no-maxtime

Verbose option will display which files and attrs are actually synchronized and which files are to be soft deleted / are in conflict. You may mix "--silent" and "--verbose" parameters to output verbose input only in the log files. No-Maxtime option will disable execution time checks, which is usefull for big initial sync tasks that might take long time. Next runs should then only propagate changes and take much less time.

Once you're confident about your first runs, you may add osync as a cron task like the following in /etc/crontab which would run osync every 30 minutes:

*/30 * * * * root /usr/local/bin/osync.sh /etc/osync/my_sync.conf --silent

Please note that this syntax works for RedHat / CentOS. On Debian you might want to remove the username (ie root) in order to make the crontab entry work.

Batch mode

You may want to sequentially run multiple sync sets between the same servers. In that case, osync-batch.sh is a nice tool that will run every osync conf file, and, if a task fails, run it again if there's still some time left. The following example will run all .conf files found in /etc/osync, and retry 3 times every configuration that fails, if the whole sequential run took less than 2 hours.

# osync-batch.sh --path=/etc/osync --max-retries=3 --max-exec-time=7200

Having multiple conf files can then be run in a single cron command like

00 00 * * * root /usr/local/bin/osync-batch.sh --path=/etc/osync --silent

Daemon mode

Additionaly, you may run osync in monitor mode, which means it will perform a sync upon file operations on initiator replica. This can be a drawback on functionnality versus scheduled mode because this mode only launches a sync task if there are file modifications on the initiator replica, without being able to monitor the target replica. Target replica changes are only synced when initiator replica changes occur, or when a given amount of time (default 600 seconds) passed without any changes on initiator replica. File monitor mode can also be launched as a daemon with an init script. Please read the documentation for more info. Note that monitoring changes requires inotifywait command (inotify-tools package for most Linux distributions). BSD, MacOS X and Windows are not yet supported for this operation mode, unless you find a inotify-tools package on these OSes.

# osync.sh /etc/osync/my_sync.conf --on-changes

Osync file monitor mode may be run as system service with the osync-srv script. You may run the install.sh script which should work in most cases or copy the files by hand (osync.sh to /usr/bin/local, sync.conf to /etc/osync, osync-srv to /etc/init.d for initV, osync-srv@.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system for systemd, osync-srv-openrc to /etc/init.d/osync-srv-openrc for OpenRC).

InitV specific instructions:

Any configuration file found in /etc/osync will create a osync daemon instance when service is launched on initV with:

$ service osync-srv start
$ chkconfig osync-srv on

Systemd specific (one service per config file)

Launch service (one service per config file to launch) with:
$ systemctl start osync-srv@configfile.conf
$ systemctl enable osync-srv@configfile.conf

OpenRC specific instructions (user contrib)

Launch service (one service per config file to launch) with:
$ rc-update add osync-srv.configfile default

Security enhancements

Remote SSH connection security can be improved by limiting what hostnames may connect, disabling some SSH options and using ssh filter. Please read full documentation in order to configure ssh filter.

Contributions

All kind of contribs are welcome.

When submitting a PR, please be sure to modify files in dev directory (dev/n_osync.sh, dev/ofunctions.sh, dev/common_install.sh etc) as most of the main files are generated via merge.sh. When testing your contribs, generate files via merge.sh or use bootstrap.sh which generates a temporary version of n_osync.sh with all includes.

Unit tests are run by travis on every PR, but you may also run them manually which adds some tests that travis can't do, via dev/tests/run_tests.sh SSH port can be changed on the fly via environment variable SSH_PORT, eg: SSH_PORT=2222 dev/tests/run_tests.sh

Consider reading CODING_CONVENTIONS.TXT before submitting a patch.

Troubleshooting

You may find osync's logs in /var/log/osync.[INSTANCE_ID].log (or current directory if /var/log is not writable). Additionnaly, you can use the --verbose flag see to what actions are going on.

When opening an issue, please post the corresponding log files. Also, you may run osync with _DEBUG option in order to have more precise logs, eg: _DEBUG=yes ./osync.sh /path/to/conf

Uninstalling

The installer script also has an uninstall mode that will keep configuration files. Use it with

$ ./install.sh --remove

Author

Feel free to open an issue on github or mail me for support in my spare time :) Orsiris de Jong | ozy@netpower.fr