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Build Status Go Report Card Doc

⚠️ Deprecation Notice ⚠️

dcrstakepool is a deprecated project and support will soon be removed from wallets. All VSP operators should switch to vspd. Visit the Decred Blog to find out more about this change.


dcrstakepool is a web application which coordinates generating 1-of-2 multisig addresses on a pool of dcrwallet servers so users can purchase proof-of-stake tickets on the Decred network and have the pool of wallet servers vote on their behalf when the ticket is selected.

NB: In late 2018, a proposal was approved by stakeholders to rename "Stakepool" to "Voting Service Provider", a.k.a. "VSP". These names are used interchangably in this repository.


Voting Service Architecture

  • It is highly recommended to use at least 2 dcrd+dcrwallet+stakepoold nodes (backend servers) for production use on mainnet. One backend server can be used on testnet.
  • Running dcrstakepool on mainnet is documented further at
  • The architecture is subject to change in the future to lessen the dependence on MySQL.

Test Harness

A test harness is provided in ./ The test harness uses tmux to start a dcrd node, multiple dcrwallet and stakepoold instances, and finally a dcrstakepool instance. It uses hard-coded wallet seeds and pubkeys, and as a result it is only suitable for use on testnet. Further documentation can be found in ./


  • Go 1.15 or newer.
  • MySQL.
  • A web server, such as nginx, to proxy to dcrstakepool.


Build from source

Building or updating from source requires the following build dependencies:

  • Go 1.15 or newer

Building or updating from source requires only an installation of Go (instructions). It is recommended to add $GOPATH/bin to your PATH at this point.

To build and install from a checked-out repo, run go install . ./backend/stakepoold in the repo's root directory.

  • Set the GO111MODULE=on environment variable if building from within GOPATH.


Please defer to the 1.5.0 release notes.



These instructions assume you are familiar with dcrd/dcrwallet.

  • Create basic dcrd/dcrwallet/dcrctl config files with usernames, passwords, rpclisten, and network set appropriately within them or run example commands with additional flags as necessary.

  • Build/install dcrd and dcrwallet from latest master.

  • Run dcrd instances and let them fully sync.

Voting service fees/cold wallet

  • Setup a new wallet for receiving payment for voting service fees. This should be completely separate from the voting service infrastructure.
  • From your local machine...
$ dcrwallet --create
$ dcrwallet
  • Get the master pubkey for the account you wish to use. This will be needed to configure dcrwallet and dcrstakepool.
$ dcrctl --wallet createnewaccount stakepoolfees
$ dcrctl --wallet getmasterpubkey stakepoolfees
  • Mark 10000 addresses in use for the account so the wallet will recognize transactions to those addresses. Fees from UserId 1 will go to address 1, UserId 2 to address 2, and so on.
$ dcrctl --wallet accountsyncaddressindex stakepoolfees 0 10000

Voting service voting wallets

  • Create the wallets. All wallets should have the same seed. Backup the seed for disaster recovery!
  • Log into wallet servers separately and create wallets one at a time using the same seed.
$ ssh walletserver1
$ dcrwallet --create
  • Start a properly configured dcrwallet and unlock it. See sample-dcrwallet.conf.
  • From your local machine...
$ cp sample-dcrwallet.conf dcrwallet.conf
$ vim dcrwallet.conf
$ scp dcrwallet.conf walletserver1:~/.dcrwallet/
$ ssh walletserver1
$ dcrwallet
  • Get the master pubkey from the default account. This will be used for votingwalletextpub in dcrstakepool.conf.
$ ssh walletserver1
$ dcrctl --wallet getmasterpubkey default


  • Log into your frontend
  • Install, configure, and start MySQL
  • Add stakepool user and create the stakepool database
$ ssh frontendserver
$ mysql -uroot -p

MySQL> CREATE USER 'stakepool'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Nginx/web server

  • Adapt sample-nginx.conf or setup a different web server in a proxy configuration. To prepare pre-zipped files to save the reverse proxy the trouble of compressing data on-the-fly, see the script.

stakepoold setup

  • Copy sample config and edit appropriately.
  • From your local machine...
$ mkdir .stakepoold
$ cp sample-stakepoold.conf .stakepoold/stakepoold.conf
$ vim .stakepoold/stakepoold.conf
$ scp -r .stakepoold walletserver1:~/
$ scp -r .stakepoold walletserver2:~/
  • Build and copy the stakepoold executable to each wallet server.
  • From your local machine...
$ cd backend/stakepoold/
$ go build
$ scp stakepoold walletserver1:~/
$ scp stakepoold walletserver2:~/

dcrstakepool setup

  • Create the .dcrstakepool directory and copy dcrwallet certs to it:
$ ssh frontendserver
$ mkdir ~/.dcrstakepool
$ cd ~/.dcrstakepool
$ scp walletserver1:~/.dcrwallet/rpc.cert wallet1.cert
$ scp walletserver2:~/.dcrwallet/rpc.cert wallet2.cert
$ scp walletserver1:~/.stakepoold/rpc.cert stakepoold1.cert
$ scp walletserver2:~/.stakepoold/rpc.cert stakepoold2.cert
  • Copy sample config and edit appropriately.
  • From your local machine...
$ cp sample-dcrstakepool.conf dcrstakepool.conf
$ vim dcrstakepool.conf
$ scp dcrstakepool.conf frontendserver:~/.dcrstakepool/
  • Build and copy the entire dcrstakepool folder to your frontend.
  • From your local machine...
$ go build
$ scp -r ../dcrstakepool frontendserver:~/



Log into all servers and run stakepoold one at a time.

$ ssh walletserver1
$ ./stakepoold


Log into your frontend and run dcrstakepool

$ ssh frontendserver
$ cd dcrstakepool
$ ./dcrstakepool

To run dcrstakepool from another folder, such as /opt/dcrstakepool, it is necessary to copy (1) the dcrstakepool executable generated by go build, (2) the public folder, and (3) the views folder into the other folder.

By default, dcrstakepool looks for the public and views folders in the same parent directory as the dcrstakepool executable. If you wish to run dcrstakepool from a different directory you will need to change publicpath and templatepath from their relative paths to an absolute path.


If you are modifying templates, sending the USR1 signal to the dcrstakepool process will trigger a template reload.


The RPC interface between dcrstakepool and stakepoold is defined in ./backend/stakepoold/rpc/api.proto. If modifications are made to this file, api.pb.go needs to be regenerated using the script ./backend/stakepoold/rpc/ The following tools are required to run the script:


  • dcrstakepool will connect to the database or error out if it cannot do so.

  • dcrstakepool will create the stakepool.Users table automatically if it doesn't exist.

  • dcrstakepool attempts to connect to all of the stakepoold servers on startup or error out if it cannot do so.

  • dcrstakepool takes a user's pubkey, validates it, calls getnewaddress on all the wallet servers, then createmultisig, and finally importscript. If any of these RPCs fail or returns inconsistent results, the RPC client built-in to dcrstakepool will shut down and will not operate until it has been restarted. Wallets should be verified to be in sync before restarting.

  • User API Tokens have an issuer field set to baseURL from the configuration file. Changing the baseURL requires all API Tokens to be re-generated.

Adding Invalid Tickets

For Newer versions / git tip

If a user pays an incorrect fee, login as an account that meets the adminUserIps and adminUserIds restrictions and click the 'Add Low Fee Tickets' link in the menu. You will be presented with a list of tickets that are suitable for adding. Check the appropriate one(s) and click the submit button. Upon success, you should see the stakepoold logs reflect that the new tickets were processed.

For v1.1.1 and below

If a user pays an incorrect fee you may add their tickets like so (requires dcrd running with txindex=1):

dcrctl --wallet stakepooluserinfo "MultiSigAddress" | grep -Pzo '(?<="invalid": \[)[^\]]*' | tr -d , | xargs -Itickethash dcrctl --wallet getrawtransaction tickethash | xargs -Itickethex dcrctl --wallet addticket "tickethex"

Backups, monitoring, security considerations

  • MySQL should be backed up often and regularly (probably at least hourly). Backups should be transferred off-site. If using binary backups, do a test restore. For .sql files, verify visually.

  • A monitoring system with alerting should be pointed at dcrstakepool and tested/verified to be operating properly. There is a hidden /status page which throws 500 if the RPC client is shutdown. If your monitoring system supports it, add additional points of verification such as: checking that the /stats page loads and has expected information in it, create a test account and setup automated login testing, etc.

  • Wallets should never be used for anything else (they should always have a balance of 0).

Disaster Recovery

Always keep at least one wallet voting while performing maintenance / restoration!

  • In the case of a total failure of a wallet server:
    • Restore the failed wallet(s) from seed.
    • Restart the dcrstakepool process to allow automatic syncing to occur.

Getting help

To get help with dcrstakepool please create a GitHub issue or the join the Decred community using your preferred chat platform.


dcrstakepool is licensed under the copyfree MIT/X11 and ISC Licenses.