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KnockoutJs
Learn how to use KnockoutJs with deepstream

What's KnockoutJs?

You've probably heard of Angular, React and EmberJS, maybe even Vue or Polymer. But KnockoutJS? No? That's a shame... Knockout is a clever library with only one concept: An "observable" - something with a value that tells you when that value changes.

Granted, Knockout comes with all sorts of other concepts that let you work with observables as well: templating to render the observable's value to the view, observable arrays to maintain collections of observables or "bindings", similar to Angular directives, that let you link observables with form elements.

Is KnockoutJS a good fit for deepstream?

Larger realtime applications can easily get complex. Changes occur at any time and updates need to be processed in all sorts of orders. Trying to orchestrate this yourself can be an enormous task. To illustrate what I mean, here's what it takes to keep an input field in sync with a record's value using jQuery.

client.record.getRecord('book/moby-dick').whenReady(record => {
  const input = $('#book-title')

  record.subscribe('title', title => {
    input.val(title)
  }, true)

  input.change(() => {
    record.set('title', input.val())
  })
})

Now that's not exactly the end of the world, but with Knockout and deepstream's KoTools this can be reduced to

this.title = koTools.getObservable(record, 'title')

Functional-Reactive Programming (hurray!)

Knockout makes it easy to implement a paradigm called functional reactive programming that's perfectly suited for realtime apps. In FRP, you model the data in your application as "pipelines", "asynchronous data-flows" or "event-streams". Logic lives within these streams as junctions, valves or task pipelines and is applied in response to incoming data. This keeps complexity low and releases you from having to orchestrate interrelated states.

Ko-Tools

Knockout has observable properties and observable arrays. deepstream has observable lists and records with path bindings. Our tool maps the two together. You can get if from NPM or Bower as deepstream.io-tools-ko or browse the source on Github.

// Create a list that's two-way bound to a ko.observableArray
AppViewModel = function() {
  const userList = client.record.getList('users')
  this.users = koTools.getViewList(UserViewModel, userList)
}

// Create a record and create two-way bound ko.observables
UserViewModel = function(userRecordName, viewList) {
  this.record = client.record.getRecord(userRecordName)
  this.viewList = viewList;
  this.firstname = koTools.getObservable(this.record, 'firstname')
  this.lastname = koTools.getObservable(this.record, 'lastname')
  this.isActive = ko.observable(false)
}

Example App

You can find an example app using deepstream, KnockoutJS and the ko-tools on Github.

Example app using KnockoutJS