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/*
* cjpeg.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991-1998, Thomas G. Lane.
* Modified 2003-2008 by Guido Vollbeding.
* Copyright (C) 2010, D. R. Commander.
* This file is part of the Independent JPEG Group's software.
* For conditions of distribution and use, see the accompanying README file.
*
* This file contains a command-line user interface for the JPEG compressor.
* It should work on any system with Unix- or MS-DOS-style command lines.
*
* Two different command line styles are permitted, depending on the
* compile-time switch TWO_FILE_COMMANDLINE:
* cjpeg [options] inputfile outputfile
* cjpeg [options] [inputfile]
* In the second style, output is always to standard output, which you'd
* normally redirect to a file or pipe to some other program. Input is
* either from a named file or from standard input (typically redirected).
* The second style is convenient on Unix but is unhelpful on systems that
* don't support pipes. Also, you MUST use the first style if your system
* doesn't do binary I/O to stdin/stdout.
* To simplify script writing, the "-outfile" switch is provided. The syntax
* cjpeg [options] -outfile outputfile inputfile
* works regardless of which command line style is used.
*/
#include "cdjpeg.h" /* Common decls for cjpeg/djpeg applications */
#include "jversion.h" /* for version message */
#include "config.h"
#ifdef USE_CCOMMAND /* command-line reader for Macintosh */
#ifdef __MWERKS__
#include <SIOUX.h> /* Metrowerks needs this */
#include <console.h> /* ... and this */
#endif
#ifdef THINK_C
#include <console.h> /* Think declares it here */
#endif
#endif
/* Create the add-on message string table. */
#define JMESSAGE(code,string) string ,
static const char * const cdjpeg_message_table[] = {
#include "cderror.h"
NULL
};
/*
* This routine determines what format the input file is,
* and selects the appropriate input-reading module.
*
* To determine which family of input formats the file belongs to,
* we may look only at the first byte of the file, since C does not
* guarantee that more than one character can be pushed back with ungetc.
* Looking at additional bytes would require one of these approaches:
* 1) assume we can fseek() the input file (fails for piped input);
* 2) assume we can push back more than one character (works in
* some C implementations, but unportable);
* 3) provide our own buffering (breaks input readers that want to use
* stdio directly, such as the RLE library);
* or 4) don't put back the data, and modify the input_init methods to assume
* they start reading after the start of file (also breaks RLE library).
* #1 is attractive for MS-DOS but is untenable on Unix.
*
* The most portable solution for file types that can't be identified by their
* first byte is to make the user tell us what they are. This is also the
* only approach for "raw" file types that contain only arbitrary values.
* We presently apply this method for Targa files. Most of the time Targa
* files start with 0x00, so we recognize that case. Potentially, however,
* a Targa file could start with any byte value (byte 0 is the length of the
* seldom-used ID field), so we provide a switch to force Targa input mode.
*/
static boolean is_targa; /* records user -targa switch */
LOCAL(cjpeg_source_ptr)
select_file_type (j_compress_ptr cinfo, FILE * infile)
{
int c;
if (is_targa) {
#ifdef TARGA_SUPPORTED
return jinit_read_targa(cinfo);
#else
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_TGA_NOTCOMP);
#endif
}
if ((c = getc(infile)) == EOF)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_INPUT_EMPTY);
if (ungetc(c, infile) == EOF)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_UNGETC_FAILED);
switch (c) {
#ifdef BMP_SUPPORTED
case 'B':
return jinit_read_bmp(cinfo);
#endif
#ifdef GIF_SUPPORTED
case 'G':
return jinit_read_gif(cinfo);
#endif
#ifdef PPM_SUPPORTED
case 'P':
return jinit_read_ppm(cinfo);
#endif
#ifdef RLE_SUPPORTED
case 'R':
return jinit_read_rle(cinfo);
#endif
#ifdef TARGA_SUPPORTED
case 0x00:
return jinit_read_targa(cinfo);
#endif
default:
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_UNKNOWN_FORMAT);
break;
}
return NULL; /* suppress compiler warnings */
}
/*
* Argument-parsing code.
* The switch parser is designed to be useful with DOS-style command line
* syntax, ie, intermixed switches and file names, where only the switches
* to the left of a given file name affect processing of that file.
* The main program in this file doesn't actually use this capability...
*/
static const char * progname; /* program name for error messages */
static char * outfilename; /* for -outfile switch */
LOCAL(void)
usage (void)
/* complain about bad command line */
{
fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s [switches] ", progname);
#ifdef TWO_FILE_COMMANDLINE
fprintf(stderr, "inputfile outputfile\n");
#else
fprintf(stderr, "[inputfile]\n");
#endif
fprintf(stderr, "Switches (names may be abbreviated):\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -quality N[,...] Compression quality (0..100; 5-95 is useful range)\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -grayscale Create monochrome JPEG file\n");
#ifdef ENTROPY_OPT_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -optimize Optimize Huffman table (smaller file, but slow compression)\n");
#endif
#ifdef C_PROGRESSIVE_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -progressive Create progressive JPEG file\n");
#endif
#ifdef TARGA_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -targa Input file is Targa format (usually not needed)\n");
#endif
fprintf(stderr, "Switches for advanced users:\n");
#ifdef DCT_ISLOW_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -dct int Use integer DCT method%s\n",
(JDCT_DEFAULT == JDCT_ISLOW ? " (default)" : ""));
#endif
#ifdef DCT_IFAST_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -dct fast Use fast integer DCT (less accurate)%s\n",
(JDCT_DEFAULT == JDCT_IFAST ? " (default)" : ""));
#endif
#ifdef DCT_FLOAT_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -dct float Use floating-point DCT method%s\n",
(JDCT_DEFAULT == JDCT_FLOAT ? " (default)" : ""));
#endif
fprintf(stderr, " -restart N Set restart interval in rows, or in blocks with B\n");
#ifdef INPUT_SMOOTHING_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -smooth N Smooth dithered input (N=1..100 is strength)\n");
#endif
fprintf(stderr, " -maxmemory N Maximum memory to use (in kbytes)\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -outfile name Specify name for output file\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -verbose or -debug Emit debug output\n");
fprintf(stderr, "Switches for wizards:\n");
#ifdef C_ARITH_CODING_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -arithmetic Use arithmetic coding\n");
#endif
fprintf(stderr, " -baseline Force baseline quantization tables\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -qtables file Use quantization tables given in file\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -qslots N[,...] Set component quantization tables\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -sample HxV[,...] Set component sampling factors\n");
#ifdef C_MULTISCAN_FILES_SUPPORTED
fprintf(stderr, " -scans file Create multi-scan JPEG per script file\n");
#endif
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
LOCAL(int)
parse_switches (j_compress_ptr cinfo, int argc, char **argv,
int last_file_arg_seen, boolean for_real)
/* Parse optional switches.
* Returns argv[] index of first file-name argument (== argc if none).
* Any file names with indexes <= last_file_arg_seen are ignored;
* they have presumably been processed in a previous iteration.
* (Pass 0 for last_file_arg_seen on the first or only iteration.)
* for_real is FALSE on the first (dummy) pass; we may skip any expensive
* processing.
*/
{
int argn;
char * arg;
boolean force_baseline;
boolean simple_progressive;
char * qualityarg = NULL; /* saves -quality parm if any */
char * qtablefile = NULL; /* saves -qtables filename if any */
char * qslotsarg = NULL; /* saves -qslots parm if any */
char * samplearg = NULL; /* saves -sample parm if any */
char * scansarg = NULL; /* saves -scans parm if any */
/* Set up default JPEG parameters. */
force_baseline = FALSE; /* by default, allow 16-bit quantizers */
simple_progressive = FALSE;
is_targa = FALSE;
outfilename = NULL;
cinfo->err->trace_level = 0;
/* Scan command line options, adjust parameters */
for (argn = 1; argn < argc; argn++) {
arg = argv[argn];
if (*arg != '-') {
/* Not a switch, must be a file name argument */
if (argn <= last_file_arg_seen) {
outfilename = NULL; /* -outfile applies to just one input file */
continue; /* ignore this name if previously processed */
}
break; /* else done parsing switches */
}
arg++; /* advance past switch marker character */
if (keymatch(arg, "arithmetic", 1)) {
/* Use arithmetic coding. */
#ifdef C_ARITH_CODING_SUPPORTED
cinfo->arith_code = TRUE;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "%s: sorry, arithmetic coding not supported\n",
progname);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
#endif
} else if (keymatch(arg, "baseline", 1)) {
/* Force baseline-compatible output (8-bit quantizer values). */
force_baseline = TRUE;
} else if (keymatch(arg, "dct", 2)) {
/* Select DCT algorithm. */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
if (keymatch(argv[argn], "int", 1)) {
cinfo->dct_method = JDCT_ISLOW;
} else if (keymatch(argv[argn], "fast", 2)) {
cinfo->dct_method = JDCT_IFAST;
} else if (keymatch(argv[argn], "float", 2)) {
cinfo->dct_method = JDCT_FLOAT;
} else
usage();
} else if (keymatch(arg, "debug", 1) || keymatch(arg, "verbose", 1)) {
/* Enable debug printouts. */
/* On first -d, print version identification */
static boolean printed_version = FALSE;
if (! printed_version) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s version %s (build %s)\n",
PACKAGE_NAME, VERSION, BUILD);
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", LJTCOPYRIGHT);
fprintf(stderr, "Based on Independent JPEG Group's libjpeg, version %s\n%s\n\n",
JVERSION, JCOPYRIGHT);
printed_version = TRUE;
}
cinfo->err->trace_level++;
} else if (keymatch(arg, "grayscale", 2) || keymatch(arg, "greyscale",2)) {
/* Force a monochrome JPEG file to be generated. */
jpeg_set_colorspace(cinfo, JCS_GRAYSCALE);
} else if (keymatch(arg, "maxmemory", 3)) {
/* Maximum memory in Kb (or Mb with 'm'). */
long lval;
char ch = 'x';
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
if (sscanf(argv[argn], "%ld%c", &lval, &ch) < 1)
usage();
if (ch == 'm' || ch == 'M')
lval *= 1000L;
cinfo->mem->max_memory_to_use = lval * 1000L;
} else if (keymatch(arg, "optimize", 1) || keymatch(arg, "optimise", 1)) {
/* Enable entropy parm optimization. */
#ifdef ENTROPY_OPT_SUPPORTED
cinfo->optimize_coding = TRUE;
#else
fprintf(stderr, "%s: sorry, entropy optimization was not compiled\n",
progname);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
#endif
} else if (keymatch(arg, "outfile", 4)) {
/* Set output file name. */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
outfilename = argv[argn]; /* save it away for later use */
} else if (keymatch(arg, "progressive", 1)) {
/* Select simple progressive mode. */
#ifdef C_PROGRESSIVE_SUPPORTED
simple_progressive = TRUE;
/* We must postpone execution until num_components is known. */
#else
fprintf(stderr, "%s: sorry, progressive output was not compiled\n",
progname);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
#endif
} else if (keymatch(arg, "quality", 1)) {
/* Quality ratings (quantization table scaling factors). */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
qualityarg = argv[argn];
} else if (keymatch(arg, "qslots", 2)) {
/* Quantization table slot numbers. */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
qslotsarg = argv[argn];
/* Must delay setting qslots until after we have processed any
* colorspace-determining switches, since jpeg_set_colorspace sets
* default quant table numbers.
*/
} else if (keymatch(arg, "qtables", 2)) {
/* Quantization tables fetched from file. */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
qtablefile = argv[argn];
/* We postpone actually reading the file in case -quality comes later. */
} else if (keymatch(arg, "restart", 1)) {
/* Restart interval in MCU rows (or in MCUs with 'b'). */
long lval;
char ch = 'x';
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
if (sscanf(argv[argn], "%ld%c", &lval, &ch) < 1)
usage();
if (lval < 0 || lval > 65535L)
usage();
if (ch == 'b' || ch == 'B') {
cinfo->restart_interval = (unsigned int) lval;
cinfo->restart_in_rows = 0; /* else prior '-restart n' overrides me */
} else {
cinfo->restart_in_rows = (int) lval;
/* restart_interval will be computed during startup */
}
} else if (keymatch(arg, "sample", 2)) {
/* Set sampling factors. */
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
samplearg = argv[argn];
/* Must delay setting sample factors until after we have processed any
* colorspace-determining switches, since jpeg_set_colorspace sets
* default sampling factors.
*/
} else if (keymatch(arg, "scans", 4)) {
/* Set scan script. */
#ifdef C_MULTISCAN_FILES_SUPPORTED
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
scansarg = argv[argn];
/* We must postpone reading the file in case -progressive appears. */
#else
fprintf(stderr, "%s: sorry, multi-scan output was not compiled\n",
progname);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
#endif
} else if (keymatch(arg, "smooth", 2)) {
/* Set input smoothing factor. */
int val;
if (++argn >= argc) /* advance to next argument */
usage();
if (sscanf(argv[argn], "%d", &val) != 1)
usage();
if (val < 0 || val > 100)
usage();
cinfo->smoothing_factor = val;
} else if (keymatch(arg, "targa", 1)) {
/* Input file is Targa format. */
is_targa = TRUE;
} else {
usage(); /* bogus switch */
}
}
/* Post-switch-scanning cleanup */
if (for_real) {
/* Set quantization tables for selected quality. */
/* Some or all may be overridden if -qtables is present. */
if (qualityarg != NULL) /* process -quality if it was present */
if (! set_quality_ratings(cinfo, qualityarg, force_baseline))
usage();
if (qtablefile != NULL) /* process -qtables if it was present */
if (! read_quant_tables(cinfo, qtablefile, force_baseline))
usage();
if (qslotsarg != NULL) /* process -qslots if it was present */
if (! set_quant_slots(cinfo, qslotsarg))
usage();
if (samplearg != NULL) /* process -sample if it was present */
if (! set_sample_factors(cinfo, samplearg))
usage();
#ifdef C_PROGRESSIVE_SUPPORTED
if (simple_progressive) /* process -progressive; -scans can override */
jpeg_simple_progression(cinfo);
#endif
#ifdef C_MULTISCAN_FILES_SUPPORTED
if (scansarg != NULL) /* process -scans if it was present */
if (! read_scan_script(cinfo, scansarg))
usage();
#endif
}
return argn; /* return index of next arg (file name) */
}
/*
* The main program.
*/
int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
struct jpeg_compress_struct cinfo;
struct jpeg_error_mgr jerr;
#ifdef PROGRESS_REPORT
struct cdjpeg_progress_mgr progress;
#endif
int file_index;
cjpeg_source_ptr src_mgr;
FILE * input_file;
FILE * output_file;
JDIMENSION num_scanlines;
/* On Mac, fetch a command line. */
#ifdef USE_CCOMMAND
argc = ccommand(&argv);
#endif
progname = argv[0];
if (progname == NULL || progname[0] == 0)
progname = "cjpeg"; /* in case C library doesn't provide it */
/* Initialize the JPEG compression object with default error handling. */
cinfo.err = jpeg_std_error(&jerr);
jpeg_create_compress(&cinfo);
/* Add some application-specific error messages (from cderror.h) */
jerr.addon_message_table = cdjpeg_message_table;
jerr.first_addon_message = JMSG_FIRSTADDONCODE;
jerr.last_addon_message = JMSG_LASTADDONCODE;
/* Now safe to enable signal catcher. */
#ifdef NEED_SIGNAL_CATCHER
enable_signal_catcher((j_common_ptr) &cinfo);
#endif
/* Initialize JPEG parameters.
* Much of this may be overridden later.
* In particular, we don't yet know the input file's color space,
* but we need to provide some value for jpeg_set_defaults() to work.
*/
cinfo.in_color_space = JCS_RGB; /* arbitrary guess */
jpeg_set_defaults(&cinfo);
/* Scan command line to find file names.
* It is convenient to use just one switch-parsing routine, but the switch
* values read here are ignored; we will rescan the switches after opening
* the input file.
*/
file_index = parse_switches(&cinfo, argc, argv, 0, FALSE);
#ifdef TWO_FILE_COMMANDLINE
/* Must have either -outfile switch or explicit output file name */
if (outfilename == NULL) {
if (file_index != argc-2) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: must name one input and one output file\n",
progname);
usage();
}
outfilename = argv[file_index+1];
} else {
if (file_index != argc-1) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: must name one input and one output file\n",
progname);
usage();
}
}
#else
/* Unix style: expect zero or one file name */
if (file_index < argc-1) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: only one input file\n", progname);
usage();
}
#endif /* TWO_FILE_COMMANDLINE */
/* Open the input file. */
if (file_index < argc) {
if ((input_file = fopen(argv[file_index], READ_BINARY)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't open %s\n", progname, argv[file_index]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
/* default input file is stdin */
input_file = read_stdin();
}
/* Open the output file. */
if (outfilename != NULL) {
if ((output_file = fopen(outfilename, WRITE_BINARY)) == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: can't open %s\n", progname, outfilename);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
/* default output file is stdout */
output_file = write_stdout();
}
#ifdef PROGRESS_REPORT
start_progress_monitor((j_common_ptr) &cinfo, &progress);
#endif
/* Figure out the input file format, and set up to read it. */
src_mgr = select_file_type(&cinfo, input_file);
src_mgr->input_file = input_file;
/* Read the input file header to obtain file size & colorspace. */
(*src_mgr->start_input) (&cinfo, src_mgr);
/* Now that we know input colorspace, fix colorspace-dependent defaults */
jpeg_default_colorspace(&cinfo);
/* Adjust default compression parameters by re-parsing the options */
file_index = parse_switches(&cinfo, argc, argv, 0, TRUE);
/* Specify data destination for compression */
jpeg_stdio_dest(&cinfo, output_file);
/* Start compressor */
jpeg_start_compress(&cinfo, TRUE);
/* Process data */
while (cinfo.next_scanline < cinfo.image_height) {
num_scanlines = (*src_mgr->get_pixel_rows) (&cinfo, src_mgr);
(void) jpeg_write_scanlines(&cinfo, src_mgr->buffer, num_scanlines);
}
/* Finish compression and release memory */
(*src_mgr->finish_input) (&cinfo, src_mgr);
jpeg_finish_compress(&cinfo);
jpeg_destroy_compress(&cinfo);
/* Close files, if we opened them */
if (input_file != stdin)
fclose(input_file);
if (output_file != stdout)
fclose(output_file);
#ifdef PROGRESS_REPORT
end_progress_monitor((j_common_ptr) &cinfo);
#endif
/* All done. */
exit(jerr.num_warnings ? EXIT_WARNING : EXIT_SUCCESS);
return 0; /* suppress no-return-value warnings */
}
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